Today, the cultivation of such an exotic vegetable as eggplant is no surprise. The range of agricultural markets is expanding with each new season, introducing new hybrids and varieties for greenhouses, greenhouses and open ground. Experienced gardeners approach the selection of seeds selectively, trying to get high yields, long periods of vegetation and high-quality tasty fruits. To this end, breeders produce new hybrids of vegetables - eggplants without bitterness.
Bitter eggplant varieties for different climatic regions
Bred new varieties of eggplant are, as a rule, low-growing plants with an early period of ripening. In addition, hybrids are highly resistant to rapid temperature changes and diseases characteristic of vegetable crops growing in greenhouses and in the open field. The flesh of the fruits is snow-white, dense, while they are practically devoid of seeds and bitterness characteristic of vegetables.
The first thing you need to pay attention to when choosing a variety is the ability of the plant to grow and produce fruit in the conditions of your region. Today, agrarians conditionally divide the territory of Russia into 3 climatic zones: the southern, middle belt of Russia and the northern. Let us determine what characteristics eggplants should have without bitterness for a particular zone.
Southern climate zone
The high yield of eggplants in the southern districts enables gardeners not only to use the fruits for food, but also to engage in conservation. For the cultivation of selected varieties without bitterness with large and long fruits of a cylindrical shape. The pulp of the fruit should not contain a large number of voids, seeds, and not have bitterness. Since the most common dish of eggplant for canning is a sauté, gardeners choose hybrids with thick skins that do not grow in diameter greater than 6-8 cm.
For middle latitudes, vegetable varieties are selected with endurance and resistance to possible spring cooling in the air and on the ground. Given the climate, it is necessary to plant only those plants that have a long period of fruiting and resistance to fungal and viral infections. For areas where summer is hot and arid, preference is given to plants adapted to weak irrigation and direct sunlight.
Northern climate zone
For growing eggplant without bitterness in the North, it is better to choose medium and late ripening varieties. Seedlings are raised in greenhouses and transferred to open ground when the danger of sudden freezing completely disappears. In the northern regions, eggplants without bitterness, most often, are planted in greenhouses and greenhouses, so for this climate zone they prefer to choose self-pollinated hybrids.Attention! When choosing eggplant seeds without bitterness, be sure to pay attention to the duration of fruiting. The north is your region, the longer the growing season. By the period indicated on the package, be sure to add 5-7 days.
When buying planting material, pay attention to how hardened the seeds are, the timing of the spitting of the seeds and the transfer of seedlings to open ground.
The best varieties and hybrids of eggplants without bitterness are presented by manufacturers in a wide assortment range. Choose a plant taking into account the climatic conditions of your region and convenient for you growing season. Be sure to consider the fact that during growth a culture needs regular feeding.
Early varieties and hybrids
A variety without bitterness for planting and growing in greenhouses and in open areas. The ripening period starts at 90-95 day. Eggplant has a regular elongated shape, the skin is smooth, glossy, painted in dark purple color. It has a "friendly" yield. In greenhouses and greenhouses collect up to 10 kg of vegetables from 1m2. The average weight is 250-300 grams. The plant tolerates fungal and viral diseases, including tobacco mosaic.
Early bitter-free hybrid with a maturity of 95 days. It has an elongated cylindrical shape. The skin is shiny, smooth, dark purple, the flesh is greenish-white, without bitterness. The average weight is 200-250 grams. During full ripening, fruits can reach sizes of 25-27 cm. The hybrid has a high yield. From 1m2 collect 10-12 kg of eggplants.
Unusual early hybrid with pear-shaped fruits. The growing season begins at 95-100 days after germination. The peel is colored dark purple, the flesh is greenish-white, medium dense, without bitterness. During ripening, fruits reach 20-22 cm, weighing 300-330 grams. "Hippopotamus" ranked gardeners to one of the most productive hybrids. In greenhouse conditions from 1m2 You can collect up to 16-18 kg of eggplant.
One of the hybrids with an unusually fast ripening period. Shrubs begin to bear fruit after 2 months after the first seedlings spitting. The fruits are small, pear-shaped. The skin is colored dark purple. During the period of full maturity, “Nancy” can grow up to 15 cm with a mass of 100-120 grams. When grown in a greenhouse with 1m2 get up to 5 kg of fruit without bitterness. In central Russia, Nancy is considered the best early variety for canning.
Early ripe variety with amazing striped color. Ripening begins at 100-110 days from germination. Fruits do not exceed 15 cm, the average weight of one eggplant is 100-120 g. Despite its small size, Quartet is quite a fruitful variety. From 1m2 the landing area can be collected up to 12-15 kg of eggplants. The pulp of the fruit without bitterness, white, loose, with a large number of seeds.
Insect varieties of vegetables. Preference is given to the cultivation of eggplant in open areas. Adapted to low air and soil temperatures, so it received deserved recognition from the farmers of the northern climatic zone. The ripening period is up to 105 days. Fully ripe fruits have a light, very beautiful color. The length of one eggplant can reach 20 cm, the average weight - 180 grams. Up to 12 kg of eggplants without bitterness are collected from one bush.
Early ripe hybrid with surprisingly tasty fruits. It is completely absent bitterness, the pulp is dense and white, with a small amount of seeds. Before the appearance of the first fruits, it takes about 90 days. Vegetable has the correct form, the skin is dark purple, closer to black. Hybrid belongs to the long-growing, since ripe eggplant can grow up to 30 cm, with an average weight of 270 grams. Hybrid "Valentine" is adapted to growing in any climatic zone, resistant to cold snaps, common infections.
F1 Purple Miracle
This hybrid got its name without bitterness because of its bizarre, slightly curved shape. The ripening period is 90-95 days. The fruits are small, the average weight - 150-200 g. The flesh of the fruit is light green, with a pleasant delicate flavor. In greenhouses from 1m2 collect up to 5-7 kg of eggplants.
Mid-season varieties and hybrids
Designed for greenhouses, open ground and film greenhouses. The plant is resistant to cooling in the air and on the soil. Distinctive features - snow-white dense flesh without bitterness and seeds, and excellent taste. Ripe eggplants reach sizes up to 20 cm, weighing up to 250 grams. Fruiting begins on day 105 after the first shoots. Up to 5 kg of eggplants are removed from one bush.
For those who grow eggplants for canning, this is a real surprise. With low yields (only 4-5 kg per bush), they are incredibly tasty. The flesh is white, practically devoid of seeds, the taste is delicate, without characteristic bitterness. Fruiting begins on day 105. Ripe fruit reaches a length of 15-17 cm. Despite the fact that the weight of one fruit does not exceed 120 grams, "Surprise" does not contain bitterness, surprisingly tasty when frying and baking.
Ping Pong F1
The name of the hybrid speaks for itself. Fruits are white, round shape, with a diameter of 5-7 cm. Before the appearance of ripe fruits on a bush, 110-115 days pass. The mass of one eggplant - 100-110 gr. It belongs to medium-yielding hybrids without bitterness, but with a good top dressing it can give up to 6 kg of fruits from a bush.
Variety refers to undersized plants intended for cultivation in greenhouses and open ground. The height of the bush after stopping growth is not higher than 80cm. The skin is dense, painted in a dark color. Eggplants reach a size of 20-22 cm, with an average weight of 200 grams. The flesh is white and dense, without bitterness, with a small number of seeds. A distinctive feature of the variety is its resistance to late blight and anthracnose. During the harvest period, up to 6-7 kg of fruits without bitterness can be removed from the bush.
Mid-season grade, with ripening in the period of 105 days. Eggplant is oval, small. It got its name from the color of light purple skin with long white stripes. Ripe fruit rarely grows to 12cm, and its weight does not exceed 150 grams. "Matrosik" is very tasty, not having a bitter variety, but medium-yielding. Up to 5-6 kg of fruits can be removed from the bush.
The grade is recommended for landing and cultivation in an open ground. It is very popular among gardeners in central Russia and southern regions. The skin is dense, painted in a dark purple color, during the growing season reach a length of 18-20 cm, average weight - 120-150 gr. Ripening occurs at 100-110 days after full germination. From 1m2 remove up to 8-10 kg of eggplant.
Variety for lovers of growing exotic vegetables. Eggplant is white and the skin is smooth and shiny. The flesh is white, loose, without characteristic bitterness. During ripening eggplants reach a length of 15-17 cm, weight 100-120 g. Up to 10 kg of delicious eggplants can be removed from one square meter.
Late ripening varieties and hybrids
A surprisingly tasty variety of eggplants without bitterness, with a ripening period of 140-145 days. The plant is treated with short. The shrub does not exceed 65–70 cm during the growth stop. When ripe, the fruits reach a length of 18–20 cm and a mass of 150–200 g
Another low-growing type of eggplants without bitterness, with a bush height of up to 70 cm. It tolerates a cold snap, so it can be grown in open areas. Fruits are dark purple in color. The average weight during ripening is 120–200 g, and the length is 18–20 cm.
The term of full maturity of eggplant is 150 days. Large fruits have a dark purple color. On average, each of them grows up to 20-22 cm, and the weight can reach 800 gr. The flesh is thick, white, does not contain seeds. "Black handsome" received recognition for its excellent taste. The plant is intended for planting in open ground and greenhouses.
Growing eggplants without bitterness is no different from the usual. The only thing that farmers recommend to pay attention to when choosing a variety is its adaptation to climatic conditions. When buying hybrids, be sure to specify the conditions of care and whether the seeds are prepared for growing seedlings.
See a few tips on how to grow a delicious eggplant crop in the open field.