Growing carrots at their summer cottage is a habitual activity for many gardeners who prefer their own crops to purchased vegetables. But in order for the carrot to be not only tasty, but also large, in the process of sowing and growth it is necessary to observe certain conditions.
Often beginning gardeners who want to prepare large carrots for the winter ask: “Why does a selected hybrid or variety, famous for its large fruits, not produce the desired result? What kind of carrots need to be sown to get a steady, and pleasing to the eye, harvest? ”.
What to look for when choosing a grade
The first thing you need to pay attention to is the adaptation of planting material to the climatic conditions of your region. Whatever root varieties you choose, and no matter how well you take care of them, if the seeds are intended for cultivation in the southern regions and you are in Siberia, you will not be able to get a good harvest. The plant of this plant will grow abundantly, but the fruits themselves will remain small and thin. And vice versa, if you plant varieties of the largest carrot intended for cultivation in the north of the country in the southern region - the harvest will have to wait a very long time, since the root crop will develop slowly.
The second important aspect of the fact that carrots grow large, is in such a characteristic, as the period of vegetation. Note that almost all varieties and hybrids that produce large fruits, are medium to late ripening. If you live in central Russia and the northern regions, then most likely you are harvesting vegetables no later than the beginning and mid-September. Therefore, sowing large carrots will have in the middle of spring.
For a plant producing large fruits, the optimal sowing time is considered to be from May 3 to 15. Of course, it also depends on how much the soil has warmed up and prepared for the reception of planting material, but if you get a crop in greenhouses or greenhouses, you should not delay it until the end of spring.
Before buying a new, unfamiliar variety of carrots, remember that all large roots should be adapted for a long stay in the soil. As a rule, early varieties can not reach the desired length and gain a lot of weight, because they begin to crack in the ground or lose their taste.
How to help the root in growth
So, having chosen a variety of large carrots suitable for your region, and having defined the terms of its cultivation, prepare the planting material well.Attention! If you buy seeds of foreign hybrids, contact only reputable manufacturers. One of the drawbacks of such planting material is that when it is stored for one year or more, it loses its ability to grow.
Root seeds are sown before sowing for at least 24 hours and then mixed with sand or peat. Planting material of coarse carrots is lowered into the prepared and fertilized soil, having previously made sowing grooves on the beds. Then the planting material is sprinkled with a small layer of ash and fertile soil, plentifully watered. In order for the carrots to harden quickly and begin to grow, make small grooves on the sides of the beds to drain off excess moisture.
When sowing large varieties of vegetables need to ensure that the growing root does not interfere with the growth of carrots in its row and in the next. To do this, make the distance between the rows on the bed at least 15 cm, and the rows themselves in the same bed no more than 4. Seeds determine in the furrow evenly, and in the process of germination, leave the strongest and largest roots.
Large varieties of carrots: tips on growing
And a few more mandatory rules for growing large carrots:
- When sowing planting material in early spring, the groove is deepened by 3-4 cm, with a later planting - from 4 to 5 cm;
- To obtain a quick germination of seeds, they are powdered with black soil mixed with humus and sand;
- In early spring, when growing large carrots in open ground, seedlings are covered with a film with a small ventilation gap (up to 12 cm);
- After 1-2 weeks after germination, additional sowing is performed on the empty areas of the beds;
- For harvesting vegetables for the winter, the seeds of early varieties of large carrots are sown in early and mid-August, while planting material must be sprinkled with mulch (3-4 cm layer, not more).
If you are preparing a plot for growing carrots in the fall, be sure to cover it with winter snow. Experienced gardeners, in order to obtain large carrot fruits, are recommended to arrange a snow coat on carrot beds, with a height of 50 cm or more.
And the last - in order for the largest carrot to grow on your plot, do not forget about regular thinning of the seedlings. Leave only those seedlings that are firmly rooted, visually above the rest, and tops have from 5 leaves and more.
Try to harvest the crop on time. Even if the instructions for growing a hybrid state that it tolerates a long stay in the soil, remember that the content of carotene in the fruit decreases and the amount of glucose increases. This can significantly affect the taste of the fruit.
Varieties of large carrots: description and photo
Here are just a few varieties and hybrids of carrots, the fruits of which, with proper care and feeding, can achieve truly large sizes without losing their quality characteristics. It should be said that the "large" in gardeners are fruits that reach a weight of 200 grams and above, regardless of the length of the root.
Mid-season large hybrid with smooth and long cone-shaped fruits. The mass of one vegetable in the harvest period reaches 200-250 grams, with an average length of the fruit - 15-17 cm. The core is small, juicy, bright orange in color. Distinctive features of the hybrid: high yield and long-lasting storage. Under the right conditions, Canada F1 is maintained until the next season, without losing its product and taste. The vegetation period is 130-135 days. Hybrid bred with adaptation to cooling in the air and on the soil, and resistance to root rot and bacterial diseases.
A hybrid bred by Dutch breeders specifically for late sowing and harvesting of root vegetables for the winter. Among domestic agrarians, Nandrin F1 received deserved popularity and was recognized as the best fruitful Dutch hybrid. Seeds are sown in the soil in the middle of summer, and at the end of September, carrots are dug up and prepared for long-term winter storage. Fruits in the harvest period reach a length of 20-22 cm, with an average weight of one carrot - 200 gr. Characteristic distinctive features - carrots have practically no core, and grows well on any soils and soils. The hybrid is resistant to high humidity, tolerates heavy rainfall, can grow in shaded areas of the garden.
Harvest "Nandrin F1" ripens "together", and all the fruits with proper care have the same weight and size. Such commodity characteristics made the variety one of the most popular among farmers who grow carrots in large quantities for sale.
Those who are engaged in growing carrots for many years are well aware of the hybrid “Nantes”, adapted for planting and growing in any regions of Russia. "Nantes-4" - an improved variety with such distinctive characteristics as yield and taste. From 1m2 collect up to 8-10 kg of large and tasty root crops, intended both for fresh consumption and for long-term storage. Fruit weight - up to 200 grams, with an average length of 17-18 cm.
Distinctive features of the variety "Nantes-4" - a high content of vitamins and mineral trace elements (only one carotene contains up to 20%). The term of maturation of the hybrid is 100-111 days.
Mid-season variety of large carrots, intended for cultivation in central Russia and northern regions. Planting material is planted in the open ground and greenhouses in early summer, and in late August, you can dig the crop. The weight of one carrot is 150-200 grams, and the average size is 15 cm. Despite such seemingly small figures, the variety is considered large-fruited, since carrots can be 5-6 cm in diameter, which visually makes it larger and larger ( see photo).
Distinctive features of the Losinoostrovskaya variety are fruit that is juicy and tender to the taste. Its skin is painted in bright orange color, and the carrot itself has a smooth, cylindrical shape and rounded blunt ends. The variety is versatile and quite suitable for harvesting carrots for the winter.
One of the few varieties of large carrots belonging to the category of early ripe and adapted to cultivation in central Russia, the Urals and Siberia. The root crop has a regular cylindrical shape, at full maturity it reaches a length of 17-18 cm, with an average weight of 180-200 g. The core is small, and the carrot pulp is dense, but very juicy. The ripening period is 90-100 days.
The distinctive feature of the Amsterdam variety is a stable and consistent yield and resistance to cracking. Carrots are stored for a long time and fully retains their taste.
With proper care and regular watering carrots can reach a truly gigantic size. There were cases when, in the conditions of open ground, one root crop weighed 580 grams, and its length was 27 cm. “Shatana” has the correct shape of a cylinder, and a slightly rounded tip.
Distinctive features of the variety - low resistance to pests. If you decide to start growing the Shantane variety, you must be prepared for constant and long-term spraying of the leaves from pests and regular feeding of root crops. The ripening period is 130-140 days. From 1m2 dig up to 15 kg of large carrots.
The vegetation period is 90-100 days. The fruits have a regular cylindrical shape, in the period of full maturity they reach a mass of 400-450 grams Yellow carrots are not intended for use in raw form or for making juices. Its taste can only preserve and process the root.
Due to its high yield, yellow carrots have received decent recognition from farmers who grow vegetables for further sale to markets and canneries.
Another variety of large carrots, which has a pleasant unusual aroma and taste. Mature root vegetables can reach in sizes up to 350-400 gr. Distinctive features - high demands of the plant for regular watering and feeding. In addition, white carrots require additional loosening of the soil during the entire growing season. In dry periods, the fruits not only do not grow, but also decrease in volume.
Growing carrots of large varieties is an interesting and useful occupation only when you are going to prepare a vegetable for the winter. As a rule, experienced gardeners are not keen on nurturing only such varieties and hybrids, skillfully alternating large, medium and even small varieties of the root crop. But if you still decide to plant one of the above varieties, be sure to consult with farmers about additional methods and rules of care. Do not forget that every variety or hybrid requires its own planting, feeding, and watering frequency.
For more information on caring for carrots, see the video: