Hot pepper is grown at home as a spice and as an ornamental plant. The multicolored fruits give special beauty to the bush. In the process of maturation, they change color from green to yellow, dark purple and red. Planted seeds at any time of the year. Plants need a lot of sunlight, moisture in moderation. Further, the main varieties of hot pepper for indoor cultivation are listed.
Choosing varieties for home cultivation
For growing in the indoor environment is best suited varieties with small fruits. They develop a compact root system, which is enough to grow a flowerpot. Shade-tolerant peppers are particularly suitable for planting on the windowsill.Tip! It is not recommended to take seeds for planting from fruits bought in vegetable stores. These varieties are not intended for home breeding.
Although the fruits seem very small, the plant from which they were collected could reach a height of two meters. Also, such species are demanding for lighting and feeding. Growing such varieties on the windowsill is simply not possible.
For indoor breeding it is better to purchase a bag of seeds in a specialty store. Further, an overview of the most interesting varieties of hot peppers with fruits of different shapes.
Varieties and hybrids of indoor pepper amaze with a variety of forms. Yet the most familiar are the elongated pods. Further, some varieties are listed with photos.
Early variety with edible fruits. The height of the bush is small, up to 20 cm. Fruits grow up to 5 cm in length, oblong in shape, slightly curved. Upon reaching biological ripeness, the color of the peppers changes from yellow to red. The plant is demanding to environmental conditions: it develops well in fertile soil, with sufficiently intense light and moist air.
Ultrafast variety, differs abundant fruiting. In room conditions, the height of the bush reaches an average of 40 cm. Fruits grow elongated cone-shaped. They have a pronounced sharpness, have a pleasant aroma. As they mature, the peppers first turn purple or cream, and then turn red.
The variety is well suited for growing at home. It refers to the medium early, the first peppers ripen in 115-120 days after the shoots appeared. The fruits have a bright red color, the shape is elongated, the skin is smooth. Traditional pepper taste. The bush grows medium, the fruits are relatively large - up to 45 g.
This variety also produces oblong fruits, which, as they mature, acquire a red color. They are located at the ends of branches in the form of a bouquet, so they look decorative. The height of the bush is about 30-35 cm. The length of the fruit reaches 7.5 cm. It has a very burning taste.
The bush is abundantly fruiting, the peppers grow 5.5 cm long and stick up on the branches upwards. The plant is low, 25-30 cm. As the fruit ripens, it changes color. But as new peppers appear regularly, red, purple, yellow and green pods can be present on the bush at the same time. Differ in the expressed sharpness.
This variety is different original bush. It is only 20-30 cm in size. But it is unlikely to be noticed on the window sill, since it has dark purple leaves. The first fruits can be waited in 115-120 days after the shoots were discovered. Peppers have a pronounced sharpness, change their color as they mature. Ripe fruits are red, oblong, small in size - 2.5 cm long.
The following variety for indoor cultivation is demanding for care: it needs abundant watering and fertilizing. Shrubs grow up to 30 cm in height, have dense foliage. Fruits are oblong with a rounded tip. First, the pepper grows striped, with alternating green and light green stripes. At the stage of biological ripeness, it becomes red.
This variety is characterized by a beautiful bush of a small size - up to 40 cm. It belongs to late-ripened peppers, loves heat and light, and abundant watering is obligatory for the plant. Fruits of different colors grow at the same time on the bush, they reach 7 cm in length. The yield is high.
This variety forms a perennial stem bush. The plant requires heat, sufficient watering and regular fertilizing with mineral and organic compounds. However, the bush tolerates shading, it does not need to prune. It bears a cone-shaped fruit, the skin is smooth or with a slight ribbing. The weight of one pepper is about 6 g, the wall thickness is 1 mm. The ripened fruits get orange color.
Treats early ripe grades. Forms a compact bush up to 50 cm high. Brings elongated cone-shaped fruits, thin, with smooth skin and pleasant aroma. The weight of one pepper reaches 60 g, has rather thick walls - 4 mm. It is resistant to lowering the temperature. In technical ripeness, the fruits are saturated yellow in color and become red when ripe.
Varieties with unusual fruits
Not all varieties of indoor pepper bear oblong fruit. There are quite a few varieties with round or other shaped peppers. Next, one of the most common varieties is listed.
The plant grows well in the shade and does not require special care. Forms a compact, voluminous bush with small leaves. Flowers white or ink shades. Peppers grow in different shapes and colors, there is a pronounced sharpness.
This variety brings very stinging fruits, it has a high yield. The shape of the peppers resemble Physalis. They reach a size of 4 cm, a peel with a ribbed surface, have a pleasant fruity aroma. The weight of one fruit is 15 g. Bush needs abundant watering.
The grade brings small fruits of rounded shape, it looks decorative. The tip is slightly elongated. Fruits change in color as they mature, therefore there are multicolored peppers on the bush at the same time.
These fruits have the original shape of the bell flower. Upon reaching biological ripeness, they acquire a scarlet color. Differ in the combined taste: "petals" sweetish, the sharpness is felt closer to the core. Spicy seasoning for meat dishes.
It belongs to the most compact varieties. The bush grows to a height of 15 cm, the round pepper also has a miniature size. As they mature, the color changes several times: first green, then cream, yellow, and finally red. For this plant with round fruits, a small liter pot is sufficient. The taste of peppers moderate spicy.
One of the most decorative varieties. The leaves have an unusual shape, resembling a boat, with twisted inside edges. Peppers are round, small, reminiscent of rowan berries. Fruits are placed inside the leaves.
How to plant peppers at home
Planting decorative indoor peppers on the windowsill is practical, the fruits are used as seasoning and even as a medicine. In order for the plant to be strong and develop correctly, you need to follow some recommendations.
- For planting is to take seeds from ripe fruit.
- For indoor peppers, loose, fertilized soil is preferable, it is worth adding more humus to it.
- Seeds germinate better if they are pre-soaked.
- It is necessary to monitor the moderate soil moisture: it is impossible to overdry the soil, but excessive watering is not useful.
- If hot pepper is planted in winter, the plant is not fertilized additionally.
You can plant peppers on the windowsill at any time of the year. It is not necessary to wait for spring. However, planting in the fall or winter has its own characteristics. With a short light day shoots are not stretched. Suspended their growth, the root system continues to evolve. When the sunlight gets bigger, the home bush begins to grow.
House Pepper Care
In order for the plant to develop properly and bear fruit well, it needs a separate container. If the seeds were previously sown in a common pot, on reaching 5 cm in height, it is recommended to plant the sprouts.Important! When transplanting peppers need to protect the roots from damage. To do this, the contents of the pot pass in a new container.
Intensive lighting is important for peppers. His daily for several hours in the morning expose the sun. The temperature for growing is within 10-21 degrees.
When the bush goes to growth, it needs sufficient moisture. The specific amount of water per plant depends on the conditions in the apartment. If it is hot in the room, it will not be superfluous to water the pepper every day. Do not allow the soil to remain dry. At least 1 time per week the bush is sprayed with water from a spray bottle. This will maintain an optimum level of moisture and will contribute to the tying of peppers.
During the growing season the plant is fertilized. Once a week it is watered with a liquid composition for feeding. During the fruit setting period, watering is more frequent, and fertilizer should not be added anymore.
When the fruiting season is over, the branches are cut to a third. Water the plant is not so intense, but still make sure that the soil does not dry out.
If the premises create suitable conditions for pepper, the growth and development of the plant will continue in winter. There is information that the fruiting of the bush in one place may not cease for five years. Such a plant will become an unusual decoration of the room. It is used as a seasoning and even a remedy for neuralgia and some other diseases.