In many common dishes among the ingredients there is a carrot. In addition to cooking, it is widely used in traditional medicine and cosmetics. Growing carrots may seem straightforward, but in fact this business requires knowledge and adherence to some subtleties.
Review of carrot varieties for the Leningrad region
In some regions, it is worth planting specially zoned varieties. Next, we consider how to choose the best carrot for planting in the Leningrad region.
This variety belongs to the middle ripening, it takes from 78 to 105 days to get the crop. The carrot in the form of a cylinder grows 16 cm long, its weight is about 100-120 g. The root is bright orange in color, the outer surface is even, there are small depressed points.
It has a bright reddish flesh, juicy, fragrant, with a sweet taste. This variety is considered one of the best, suitable for sowing in the winter. High-yielding - about 6 kg. The plant does not resist white and gray rot. Often the variety is used in industrial crops. Root crops are well stored the first half of winter.Important! Nantes 4 - one of the standard varieties of carrots, is considered one of the best table varieties.
In terms of key indicators (including the growing season, characteristics of root crops), the variety slightly differs from Nantes 4. Also one of the most common carrot varieties among gardeners. It has an excellent taste, is stored better than the above.
Variety refers to the middle ripening, it takes about 80-120 days to ripen. The carrot reaches 15 cm in length, its mass is rather large - 70-155 g. Root varieties grow in the form of a cylinder, the spout can be either dull or slightly pointed. The outer surface is orange, with small dark patches. Possesses pleasant pulp with excellent taste.
The yield of the variety is in the range of 5-6 kg. The plant is well resistant to disease (affected by rot not as often as the variety Nantes 4). Losinoostrovskaya carrot is characterized by a very high content of carotene, and as it is stored, its share increases by one and a half times.
Moscow winter A-515
This carrot continues a series of mid-season varieties. Its shape is elongated, conical, blunt nose. The core is up to half of the total diameter, it has a rounded or irregular shape. The flesh is reddish-orange in color with good taste.
This grade of carrots is high-yielding. Suitable for sowing in winter. It is considered one of the most suitable varieties for long-term storage.
Variety brings reddish-orange fruit in the form of a cone with a blunt end. The carrot grows about 12–18 cm long and is 4–8 cm in diameter. It refers to early-growing varieties. Before the fruit ripens and the harvest begins, it takes up to 95 days. Carrots grow well in loam.
According to its taste characteristics, the variety is inferior to the varieties mentioned above - Nantes 4 and Nantes 14. However, the fruits last longer.
The next variety, adapted to the conditions of the north-west. We can say that this is a new selection. The plant gives a bountiful harvest, and in a relatively short time. The fruits have excellent taste and are stored for a long time.
There are many varieties that are zoned for the northern regions. Although the southern regions have a slightly wider choice of varieties, those who live in a cool climate can also grow carrots.
How to get an early harvest
For early harvest, many gardeners sow carrot seeds before winter. This should be done before the arrival of sustainable frosts, as well as select varieties intended for such cultivation. The bed for winter sowing is distinguished on a plot with a slight slope to the south or southwest. Due to the correct location of the soil in the spring thawed more likely, and the water will not stagnate on the surface.Important! When excavating a bed for planting carrots, it is worth getting rid of the roots of perennial weeds (for example, wheat grass).
The following are the main points of soil preparation:
- they start preparing the bed one month before the planned sowing, until the ground is frozen and it can be well digged up;
- for carrots, the area where cabbages, zucchini, cucumbers, onions (any), pumpkin, potatoes were planted this season;
- it is possible to plant carrots again on the same plot not earlier than in 4 years;
- the soil in the garden bed is preliminarily freed from the remaining greenery and dug to a depth of 35-40 cm;
- the soil is fed with fertilizer.
As a fertilizer for planting carrots, humus is used (1-2 buckets per square meter of soil). You can also use superphosphate (half a tablespoon per meter) or potassium salt (2 teaspoons).
In addition to mineral additives, you can apply the usual ash. During the preparation of the soil per square meter, one cup is sufficient. If the ground is heavy, add rotten sawdust.
How to prepare a bed for carrots
After digging and fertilizing the soil must be loosened. The beds form furrows about 5 cm deep. The gap between them is 20-25 cm. When the time to sow the seeds of carrots comes, the grooves will settle and their depth will reach 2-3 cm.Important! After preparing the beds, it is covered with a thick film so that the grooves are not washed away by rain.
It is necessary to sprinkle the soil in advance to fill up the grooves when sowing carrot seeds. Until that time, it will be stored in a warm room.
Sowing is done in frozen ground when low temperatures are established. This usually occurs in mid-November. To ensure a sufficient number of seedlings, the seed rate per bed is increased by a quarter. When sowing is completed, the grooves fall asleep with previously prepared earth. On top of it is necessary to put a thin layer of peat or humus. When it snows, the bed additionally fall asleep.
Work in the early spring garden
When spring begins, it's time to return to work on the garden. So that the snow came off faster and the earth began to warm up, snow was immediately removed. Sometimes peat is scattered on the surface. Dark dressing heats up faster in the sun, so the remnants of snow go down from the garden faster.
There is another opportunity to accelerate the ripening of carrots. Over a bed establish shelter. For this:
- fixed along the entire length of the bed of the arc;
- non-woven material (film, spunbond, etc.) is laid over the arcs.
The list of works at emergence
For carrot beds need to take good care. The gardener needs:
- loosen the soil;
- free the bed from weeds;
- thin out sprouts;
- timely fertilize.
Loosening is important because after this procedure the flow of oxygen to the sprouts improves. When the soil dries, you need to plow and the gaps between the rows.
A couple of weeks after sprouting out, weeds should be removed. At the same time, carrot thinned. Between plants should remain a distance of 2 cm. After two and a half weeks, the thinning is repeated. Now you need to leave 5 cm between shoots.
If necessary, the soil can be fertilized again. To do this, along the grooves enclose nitrogen fertilizer in the proportion of half a table spoon per square meter. When winter planting fresh crop of carrots will be available in the first half of June.Important! If the carrot is sown in winter, it is not left for storage for the winter.
Crop harvested at different times. They are determined by the characteristics of the variety. First, the carrot is planted in winter. When thinning is carried out a second time, young vegetables of any kind are already fit for human consumption. The established standard for ripe carrots is 3 cm diameter.
Solid cleaning is carried out before the frost. Usually this time falls on the end of September. The method of harvesting carrots is also determined by the characteristics of the variety. If the roots are short or medium length, they are pulled from the tops. For long carrots, you will need a spade or pitchfork. Next, the crop is sorted. For long-term storage, leave only intact fruits of the respective varieties.
Carrots are one of the cold-resistant crops. However, when planting in the north-western climate, it is recommended to give preference to zoned varieties. Many gardeners practiced winter planting of a number of varieties. It allows you to get a harvest of carrots in the first days of June.