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Varieties of pepper thick-walled

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When choosing a variety, gardeners, as a rule, are guided not only by yield, but also by commodity and taste qualities of the fruit. Sweet thick-walled pepper is one of the brightest representatives of the most popular among farmers and summer residents, because its varieties are suitable for eating in salads, used for stuffing and frying, canning and freezing for the winter. Only the appearance of a large and beautiful pepper with thick walls, grown on the plot, causes a smile and a sense of pride among summer residents.

How to choose the best grade

Sooner or later, each farmer is faced with the choice of the best variety. Those who have been doing this for the first year, of course, want to multiply their success and try something new. And for beginners, they simply run up when they see the assortment of planting material on the shelves of stores and markets. Every year it becomes more and more, because the selection does not stand still, bringing new best varieties of culture.

But why does the beautiful, seemingly thick-walled pepper, shown in the picture with seeds, not grow on your site, and if it gives a crop, then in the smallest quantities? How to choose the best grade of thick-walled sweet pepper, and what nuances should be foreseen when choosing?

Pay your attention to the fact that the homeland of sweet pepper is the country of Central America, so the culture loves the warm air and the heated soil. No matter how the planting material is adapted to its growing conditions in Russia, not every variety can produce a good stable crop in central Russia or Siberia. In these regions, gardeners prefer early-ripening and mid-ripening varieties of sweet pepper, and thick-walled ones are usually those whose growing season is 120 days or more.

Attention! In order for the sort of thick-walled sweet pepper to really give the desired result, do not overlook the peculiarities of its cultivation and nutrition.

Novice gardeners ask whether it is possible to grow thick-walled pepper in greenhouses and greenhouses. The answer to this question is unequivocal: if you have such an opportunity, then this will be the best solution for obtaining high and high-quality yields. In the greenhouse you can give the seedlings everything you need, ranging from temperature, and ending with minimizing the risks of sudden drops in temperature in the air and on the soil.

Pay attention to the hybrids of sweet thick-walled pepper. Today, Dutch and Italian breeders are making every effort to supply only quality planting materials to the Russian market. In addition, hybrids in breeding receive the best quality characteristics from their “ancestors”, and their fruits are extraordinarily beautiful and tasty.

The best grades for the temperate climate zone

Today, summer residents of the southern regions and central Russia have the opportunity to get good yields of thick-walled pepper in greenhouses and on open ground. Here are just a few popular varieties for cultivation in these climatic zones:

Avant-garde

This variety produces high quality yields when grown in open areas and under film covers. Belongs to the category of mid-ripening, with a period of full maturity of 120 days. The bush is tall and sprawling, therefore it requires additional supports and garters.

Prism-shaped peppers, the peel in biological maturity is colored red. Wall thickness - from 7 mm and above, with an average weight of a fruit of 250-300 grams. Avangard is considered one of the most fruitful thick-walled peppers. From 1m2 clean up to 10 kg of beautiful and juicy fruits. In addition, it is this variety that is famous for its keeping quality and resistance to long shipments, therefore it is popular with farmers who grow peppers for sale.

Grandee

The Veljmozh sweet pepper feels good in the open ground of the southern regions and under the film shelters in the summer cottages of central Russia. Belongs to the category of mid. Full ripening period does not exceed 120 days, subject to regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. The plant is tall, sprawling. When grown in greenhouses and on open plots of land in need of a garter.

Pepper fruits have a prism-like shape, painted in a rich yellow color. The average weight is 250-300 g, and the wall thickness of the fruit is 7-8 mm. "The nobleman" has an unsurpassed juicy taste, and is suitable for universal use. 5-6 kg of beautiful fleshy pepper are removed from one bush at harvest.

hippopotamus

Mid-season thick-walled variety with beautiful and large dark red fruits. Bush srednerosly, semi-sprawling. The plant feels great in open ground, if the seedlings are transferred to a previously prepared and heated soil. The ripening period of the fruit is 115-120 days.

"Hippopotamus" refers to those varieties that give "friendly" yields. Despite the fact that the fruit is small in size, and its average weight is 150-170 g, the wall thickness is 7-8 mm. "Hippopotamus" can not be attributed to high-yielding varieties, because from one bush up to 2 kilograms of fruits are removed, no more. But if you plant a few bushes of seedlings for the preparation of salads or culinary processing - you will get a tasty, meaty and very fragrant product.

Gold of Siberia

This mid-season variety produces high yields on both open ground and under film cover. Such name sweet pepper was not accidental, because it is sufficiently resistant to cooling in the air and on the soil. A bush of medium height, semi-sprawling, in greenhouse conditions can reach a height of 1 meter or more, so when planting it in shelters, do not forget that you may need additional garter.

Beautiful prism-shaped fruits of universal use, weighing from 230 to 250 grams, with thickness of a wall of 8-10 mm. The skin of the fruit is dense, dark yellow in biological maturity, green in technical maturity. From one plant during the period of biological ripeness, varieties collect up to 5-6 kg of fruits.

Erivan F1

Mid-season sufficiently productive hybrid with a fruiting period - 115-120 days from the date of spitting planting material. Fruits are small, cone-shaped. During the growing season, the peel of the pepper is colored yellow, and in the biological maturity of the fruit, it is saturated red. The wall thickness does not exceed 8-9 mm, but this variety belongs to the category of the best in taste. Up to 5-6 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush during the harvest period.

Othello F1

The hybrid belongs to early ripe grades of thick-walled pepper. Designed for growing in greenhouses and tunnel film greenhouses. If Othello seedlings are planted in the open ground of the southern regions of Russia, for the first time it is recommended to cover it with a film or make any other protection from winds and low night temperatures.

From the first shoot to the time of appearance of mature fruits, a little more than 100 days pass. The bush of “Othello” pepper is short, and even in greenhouse conditions it rarely exceeds 70 cm. The hybrid got its name due to the colorful color of the fruit. In the process of ripening the pepper on the bush is painted in purple color, but as soon as the growing season comes to an end, the fruits become brown. Wall thickness 7-8 mm, with an average weight of one pepper - 150-200 g. The distinctive features of the hybrid "Othello" include a friendly and high yield. From 1m2 remove up to 8-9 kg of fruit.

Attention! Some varieties and hybrids can be successfully grown in greenhouses in the Urals or in Siberia, having previously provided for the creation of all the necessary conditions for this.

Varieties of sweet thick-walled pepper for the Moscow region

For residents of the Moscow region and summer residents, who are leaving for the summer outside the city, the range of planting material of sweet peppers is so large that it is rather difficult to figure out which variety to choose. If you decide to grow a variety of thick-walled sweet pepper in your area, pay attention to the following varieties and hybrids:

Florida

The early ripe grade of pepper giving good yields in hotbeds and greenhouses. The growing season is 105-110 days. Despite the fact that the Florida pepper variety does not grow higher than 60 cm, the bush of the plant is sprawling and requires additional pinching during the period of seedling growth.

The fruits have a semicircular shape, the peel is dense, glossy, during the period of maturation is painted in a saturated yellow color. By itself, “Florida” pepper is small, in the period of biological maturity its mass barely reaches 120 grams, however, the wall thickness at this moment can be up to 10-12 mm. Distinguished variety excellent "friendly" yield and excellent taste.

F1 cube

Hybrid with an average growing season. Bred for planting in a temperate climate zone. The period of biological ripeness falls on the 120th day. The bush reaches a height of 90-100 cm in open areas, and up to 120 cm in greenhouse conditions.

Fruits completely correspond to the name, have the equal form of a cube. Small in size - 10-12 cm. The skin is dense, painted red. The average weight of one sweet “Kubik” pepper is 180–200 g, with a wall thickness of 8–9 mm. Distinctive features of the hybrid - high yield with regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. With one bush in closed greenhouses and greenhouses can be collected up to 7-8 kg of crop.

My F1 General

Hybrid bred for growing in open ground and under the film tunnel shelters. The height of the bush is up to 100 cm. The plant is semi-sprawling, not requiring additional formation. The growing season does not exceed 120 days from the first emergence of seedlings.

The fruits have the shape of a cube, in the period of full biological maturation are painted in dark red color. Pepper "My General" - a large and very meaty. Fruit weight can reach up to 300 grams, with an average wall thickness - 8-10 mm. Distinctive features of the hybrid - resistance to TMV and temperature differences in the air and on the soil.

Golden Rain

The early ripe grade with beautiful large lemon fruits, well growing in a midland of Russia and the southern regions. The period of fruiting begins on the 110th day from the first shoots of the seedlings. Shrubs grow no more than 70 cm. Since the plant is compact, the density of planting seedlings in open ground and greenhouses can be slightly increased.

Pepper "Golden rain" in the ripening period weighs from 100 to 180 grams, with a wall width of up to 8 mm. Distinctive features of the variety - excellent taste, resistance to TMV. In the harvest year from 1m2 up to 5-6 kg of crop can be removed.

Conclusion

When choosing planting material of thick-walled sweet pepper, be sure to pay attention to the climatic zone in which it is grown. Do not forget to consult with experienced gardeners on regular watering and nutrition of pepper. Remember that this culture is quite thermophilic, and in open ground is prone to fading with rapid temperature changes, or, conversely, keeping the heat too long.

More about growing thick-walled pepper, see the video:

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