Among all the varieties of pepper in suburban areas, the leading position in terms of cultivation is a fat sweet. This versatile vegetable is perfect for fresh consumption, cooking and canning. In addition, each year the selection offers for sale new Round varieties of tasty thick-walled peppers for open ground, which have early maturity, high yields and extraordinary taste qualities. How to choose the right variety, what criteria to rely on, and what features of growing and care should you pay your attention to?
The main criteria for selecting a variety
Of course, the first thing that must be foreseen when choosing a variety for open ground is the conditions for its cultivation. If you are going to plant a new, unfamiliar variety for you - carefully read the instructions for planting material. Strong and healthy seedlings planted in an open area - the key to obtaining a high and tasty harvest.
Pepper is a heat-loving culture, and therefore for central Russia, Siberia and the Urals, choose early-ripening varieties with high resistance to temperature extremes and high humidity. Take into account the fact that the seedlings will have to be raised at home or in greenhouse conditions, observing all the conditions of feeding and watering.
Attention! The place for planting pepper in open ground should not be located in a shaded area, avoiding over-wetting or drying out the ground.
Round varieties of plump peppers for open ground give high harmonious yields in the southern regions of Russia, but for summer residents living in temperate and northern climates, for growing a crop it will be necessary to provide protection from sudden cold snaps and winds. This does not at all deny the fact that the harvest can be obtained in conditions of planting seedlings in open ground, but the choice of variety will need to be approached selectively. Consider the fact that you will need to prepare the ground for the transfer of seedlings, fertilizing it with mineral and nitrogen trace elements, and in the beginning of the season you must provide a film cover.
Early varieties of thick walled sweet pepper
There is a wide range of planting material on the market for growing early hybrids and varieties in open ground. When choosing, pay attention to the fact that it is hybrids that combine such qualities as fast germination of seeds, plant resistance to many diseases typical for a given culture.
When crossing parent plants, sweet pepper hybrids give the best yield and have excellent taste. The only drawback of planting hybrids of chubby pepper in open ground is that you cannot use the seeds of the fruit to grow vegetables in the next season.
Planting material obtained from the pepper of previous crops, like two peas in a pod, is similar to its parents. If you are satisfied with the result of last year - feel free to use the seeds from these plants.
An early grade of sweet pepper for planting in greenhouses and in the open field. Fruits ripen on 45-50 day from the first shoots. The walls of the peppers during the ripening period reach a thickness of 0.7-1 cm, and their length is up to 12 cm. However, this variety is slightly inferior in taste, and is oriented for use in culinary processing or canning. The plant belongs to the bush, compactly planted in small areas of the garden.
Early thick pepper with an average mass of the fruit during full ripening - 150-180 gr. The variety is sufficiently resistant to growing conditions in the open field, not susceptible to fading and fungal diseases. Among the farmers of central Russia and Siberia, he received deserved recognition as a plant capable of tolerating sudden changes in temperature in the air and on the ground. Vegetation period - up to 50 days. Fruits are round, with smooth red skin. Gingerbread man has a sweetish taste, is used for cooking, preservation, fresh consumption.
It belongs to the early varieties of pepper, resistant to cultivation on open ground in the southern regions and central Russia. The plant has the form of a spherical bush, with a height of 60-70 cm. Fruits during full ripening can grow up to 15 cm in length, having an average weight of 250-300 grams. The skin is dense, has a rich red or green color, the wall can reach a thickness of 0.5-0.7 cm. In agriculture, Hercules has been recognized as the best fruit for canning and freezing.
Yellow and Red Bull
These are two different varieties, but they differ only in the color of the skin of the fruit. Both belong to mid-season plants with a growing season of 55-60 days from the first shoots. The best harvest Yellow and Red Bull give in greenhouse conditions, however, in the southern regions of Russia they are grown in open areas.
Pepper is resistant to overflow or short drought. Feels great in a warm ground. Not susceptible to culture-specific diseases like the tobacco and potato viruses.
During ripening, fruits reach sizes of 12-15 cm, the average weight of one pepper can be 200-250 grams.
The fine early ripe grade intended for cultivation in hotbeds, greenhouses and in the conditions of an open ground. The plant is highly resistant to temperature fluctuations in the air, however, when transferring seedlings to open areas requires heated and fertilized soil.
The fruits are small, in full maturity reach sizes of 10-12 cm, with an average weight of 100-150 grams. Wall thickness - 5-7 mm. Up to 7 kg of tasty, bright red or orange fruits can be collected from one bush, 50-60 cm high.
This early ripe variety seems to be designed for lovers of delicious exotic. Big Dad is a thick-walled sweet pepper whose fruits are colored in purple or red-brown. Fruits are cubical in shape, with dense and juicy pulp. During full maturity, the wall thickness of the Big Papa can reach 12-15 mm. The average weight of one fruit is 200-220 g. This giant belongs to the universal fruit, perfectly amenable to freezing and canning.
Among the gardeners received a well-deserved popularity, thanks to the compact and undersized bushes. This makes it possible to compact peppers in small open areas.
Mid-season varieties of sweet thick-walled pepper
Mid-season variety of sweet thick-walled pepper. When choosing planting material, pay attention to the fact that the powerful, spreading bushes of this plant when planted in open ground require a garter. During the period of stunting, the plant can reach 80 cm and above.
Aeneas is ranked by farmers as the most useful and tasty varieties of plump round pepper. Its dense and juicy pulp contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, so it is recommended for fresh use like no other. Fruits are large, with a wall thickness of up to 10-12 mm. A distinctive feature of Aeneas - it perfectly tolerates long-term transportation and storage, therefore it is ideal for growing for sale.
The variety is suitable for growing in greenhouses and in the open field. It has a high yield when planting seedlings in a warm, well-fertilized soil. Fruits are small, slightly elongated, with an average wall thickness of up to 8 mm. The skin is dense, shiny, red.
Despite the fact that pepper does not belong to round varieties, its pulp has excellent taste, and the variety itself belongs to gardeners as universal. It can be not only canned, but also frozen.
Please note that this variety is adapted to low temperatures, therefore it is suitable for cultivation even in the climatic zones of the Urals and Siberia.
Beautiful thick mid-season variety, pleasing gardeners with high yields. The ripening period is 90-100 days from the date of formation of the first shoots. The length of the fruit is up to 13 cm, and the average weight is 150 g., With a wall thickness of 6-8 mm.
An interesting feature of this variety is that its fruits can be painted in both red and greenish-yellow color.
Ivanhoe is resistant to small fluctuations in temperature in the air and on the soil; it is immune to potato and tobacco viruses, mosaics and early wilt.Attention! When choosing planting material of mid-ripening varieties, pay attention to their description. Most often, sweet thick-walled pepper needs additional feeding and careful watering.
Mid-season fruitful variety with beautiful red, slightly flattened fruits. The wall of the fruit during ripening can reach a thickness of 9-12 mm, and the weight can reach up to 250-300 grams.
A distinctive feature of the Antey variety is that the planting material is sown exclusively in peat planting pots, since the root of the plant is fragile and may not transfer the gap. The plant is resistant to a small decrease in temperature, and the harvest is characterized by the ability of long storage. For long-distance transport Antey does not lose its presentation.
Gorgeous mid-season variety of sweet plump pepper for cultivation in the open field. When planting in open areas be prepared for the fact that the plant may need a garter, therefore, in advance, provide support pegs or transverse slats. The growing season is up to 100 days, since the first shoot.
The height of the bush during the fruiting period reaches 80 cm, with good yields such a shrub can produce up to 7-8 kg of juicy red fruits with dense thick flesh. The variety is universal, suitable for any culinary use and prolonged freezing. Of all the thick-walled peppers, Bogatyr is the only variety that does not require compliance with strict growing conditions. The plant feels great on shaded areas of the garden, tolerates high humidity and short drought. Thanks to all its characteristics, Bogatyr cultivar gained a well-deserved popularity among summer residents, appearing on their sites only on weekends.
The ripening period of this sweet round thick-walled pepper is 100-120 days from the sowing of the seed. Sprawling shrubs with thick foliage. Fruits have a flat cuboid shape, reach a length of up to 10-12 cm in full maturity, and about the same are in diameter. The wall thickness reaches 8-10 mm, and the average weight of one pepper is up to 200 gr.Attention! When choosing the Agapovskiy variety for cultivation, be sure to keep in mind that this plant requires regular additional feeding at least 3-4 times during the entire period of growth and fruiting.
Mid-season variety of plump sweet pepper with a ripening period of the fruit 80-95 days from pecking seed. The height of the bush when growing Atlanta in the open field can reach 75-80 cm. The fruits are even and slightly elongated. The skin is dense. Painted in red, the average wall thickness is 10 mm, with the length of the fruit up to 14 cm.
Atlanta has excellent taste, versatile in use. The plant is demanding for regular watering, however, grows well in low light conditions. Atlanta has gained popularity among gardeners as one of the best varieties of plump peppers that are not exposed to viral and fungal diseases. Meanwhile, to obtain high-quality and abundant crops, the plant requires a small additional mineral-nitrogen fertilization.
This is not all varieties and hybrids of sweet plump pepper, presented in agricultural markets. When choosing planting material, be sure to read the instructions or consult with experts. Never focus only on a beautiful picture on a bright seed package. Choose planting material, well-proven in the climatic conditions of your region.
More about the best varieties of pepper for open ground, see the video: