The rare garden plot does without a ridge on which a popular root crop curls. Early short-fruited varieties for children's treats and later ones for long-term storage and as an indispensable component of conservation. The best carrot varieties for the Moscow region are also suitable for Central Russia and southern Siberia in terms of vegetation periods and weather conditions.
Improving the soil
The soils of the Moscow Region need to be improved: impoverished, sour. Mostly podzolic and sod-podzolic soils are widespread. Regular liming is required in 5-10 years, the application rate of the deoxidizer is 0.4-1 kg / m2. Podzols need more attention, otherwise the crop and the quality of the roots will not be at their best.
The fertile humus-humus horizon is thin, increases in the southern regions, turning into black soil. Spreading manure, humus and compost once every 3-4 years will enrich the soil and reduce the density of the fertile layer. Mineral fertilizers are applied annually in the autumn digging and as fertilizing. Recommended gradual deepening of the arable layer to 28 cm with the addition of sand to reduce the density and increase aeration for better development of carrots.
Early varieties of carrots for the Moscow region
Favorite carrot variety of caring grandmothers. Skoroplodny old carrot variety is harvested in July. By taste - classic Karotel a modified form. Spherical root crops, similar to roundness with radish, are filled with juice, carotene and sugars. The yield of the variety is small - 3 kg / m2but how much joy to grandchildren!
Varieties Karotel Paris, Parmeks - skonoplodnye carrot varieties that do not require deep digging. The weight of root crops is up to 50 g, the diameter is not more than 4 cm. These varieties grow and bear fruit on heavy soils with a thin fertile layer. It is enough to walk along the ridge of the predecessor with a hoe to loosen the soil by 5-7 cm. Decorate the edges, the ridge is ready for sowing.
Vintage mini-carrots are not stored for storage. It is consumed fresh or whole root vegetables are preserved. Excess fruit is processed into carrot juice.
In terms of taste, Laguna carrots are close to the progenitor of the type. Sugar carotene-rich bright orange cylindrical roots 17-20 cm with a miniature core are capable of producing high yields.
Selective harvesting of young carrots begins 2 months from the date of sowing. Mass harvesting of root vegetables in 3 weeks. The harvest of autumn and early spring sowing (soil warming temperature is +5) is being processed. For long-term storage of the crop, seeds are sown in the ground heated to 12-15 degrees. The variety is not prone to overgrowing, cracking.
Soils are preferred clay-sand, peatlands. Heavy soils need to be improved by the introduction of sand and peat, otherwise shoots will be rare. The soil acidity is desirable neutral: pH 6.0-6.5. Flooding low-lying areas are unsuitable.
Sowing carrots on the same ridge is valid after 3 years. In crop rotation, preferred precursors are:
Refrain from sowing carrots for the next year immediately after the root vegetables:
Phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied during autumn digging of the soil. Agronomists advise to avoid the introduction of potassium sulfate - during the germination of carrots soil acidity will increase. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before sowing. Top dressing with aqueous solutions of fertilizers are carried out during the growing season. Fresh manure is not added to carrots in the fall. Feed infusions of mullein, bird droppings are effective and desirable to increase the yield.
The depth of tillage is reflected in the yield and marketability of root crops: a deep digging will thank long, smooth, smooth carrots. Ukrainian vegetable growers offer a ridge method of growing carrots
Lagoon with increased inter-row spacing. This method is also suitable for farms with mechanized harvesting of fruits. To speed up germination, it is practiced sowing carrots under the film.
When buying seeds, pay attention to the inscription on the package of integrated seed treatment. Disinfecting manganese with sour potassium destroys only the existing microflora and does not protect carrot seed in the soil.
Carrots, which are planned to be stored in the cellar, should not be dried for a long time - the storage time is reduced. Optimum preservation of the fetus for 2-3 months.
Up to 3 months
Ripening dates from the date of sowing
80-85 days (per bundle), 100 days - for storage
Mealy dew, Alternaria
Carrot fly mole
5-7 kg / m2 (up to 10 kg / m2)
Productive large-fruited high-yielding variety does not need hilling - the roots are completely immersed in the soil. Blunt conical root crops for the content of sugars and carotene compete with the famous Karotel. Fruits resistant to cracking and overgrowing are not elongated in length, but the depth of processing of the ridge affects the yield.
The short carrot Alenka on the dense podzolic soils of the Moscow region will not reduce the yield, if in the ridge to make baking powder: sand and ash. A proven method of autumn deep digging through an artificially filled layer of needles or foliage is effective for increasing the air permeability of the soil. Carrot varieties Alenka demanding watering.
The variety is resistant to diseases and pests, if the ridge is not overgrown with weeds, plantings are not thickened, and loosening and weeding is carried out in a timely manner. Carrot fly rampant on waterlogged, littered areas. A sign of plant damage - swirling tops. Actellic and Intavir are effective against the pest. Processing a one-percent solution of Bordeaux liquid will prevent planting against formosis and Alternaria.
14-16 cm length, 4-7 cm diameter
Long term storage
110 days from planting
Up to 10 kg / m2
Deep tillage, light aerated soil
Mid-season carrot varieties for the Moscow region
Carrot Vitamin 6 is naturally considered one of the most delicious varieties. Bred in 1969 on the basis of varieties Nantes and Berlikum. Reaches technical ripeness in 100 days from the moment of sowing seeds. Cylindrical blunt root vegetables partially come to the surface of the ridge, if it becomes widespread, there is a need for hilling, so as not to turn green.
The length of the red-orange fruit reaches 20 cm, not prone to curvature with a mass of 80-160 g, the surface is smooth. The core is thin, faceted, dense. The variety is resistant to tsvetushnosti, cracking fruits, roots are suitable for long-term storage. Lezhkost powdered chalk fruits up to 8 months.
Sowing for early harvesting is carried out in late autumn or in early spring when the upper layer of soil reaches a temperature of +5 degrees. In the spring the seeds are soaked, in the fall - not. Seed germination of 85%. Mulching of the ridge and shelter along the arcs of lutrasil accelerates germination, prevents the appearance of a crust on the ridge surface.
Winter carrots are larger than spring ones, but are only suitable for processing. To store carrots sown in May, when the soil warms up to +15 degrees. Moderate watering is carried out less frequently with an increase in root crops. An hour after watering, the moisture should penetrate to the depth of the tip of the carrot.
As a protective measure against carrot flies, the ridge is planted with marigolds and pollinated with wood ash. Long-term storage is carried out at air temperature + 1-5 degrees, humidity 80-90%.
Root crop size
15-18 cm length, 4-5 cm diameter
4-10.5 kg / m2
Up to 8 months
Moscow winter A-515
Well in the Moscow region fruiting variety of carrots Moscow winter. An early harvest will be achieved by sowing seeds in late October, early November, while the air temperature is still above zero, and the weather forecast does not promise a thaw so that germination does not begin. The surface of the ridge should be compacted, preventing the seeds from being washed out by spring water.
In April, after the topsoil is heated to +5 degrees, the seeds will start growing. Melt water stimulates growth. Ukryvna material laid from autumn on the ridge will reduce the waiting period for the crop of root crops by 1.5-2 weeks. Winter and early spring sowing is suitable for processing. For long-term storage the harvest of root crops sown in mid-May is laid. Seed germination of 90%. Shoots painlessly carry night frosts up to -4 degrees.
After 3 months from the date of sowing, the culture is ready for harvesting. Matured root crops up to 20 cm long in orange color with an abundance of filament roots on the sides are completely hidden under the ground, the upper part does not turn green. The fruits are weighty, up to 180 g, and deadly - with proper storage in the basement with preservation of the temperature regime of + 1-5 degrees and humidity up to 90%, they do not lose commodity qualities up to 9 months.
Carrots Moscow winter gives good results after tomatoes, pumpkin, onions. Root crops as predecessors are not suitable. Deep digging of the soil and loosening of podzolic soils by introducing sand and ash improve the quality of root crops and the yield of the variety.
Mass of root crops
Sizes of root crops
16-18 cm length, 4-5 cm diameter
5-7 kg / m2
Up to 9 months
The content of nutrients
Proteins 1.3%, carbohydrates 7%
Late-ripening carrots for Moscow region
Late-ripening varieties are more suitable for long-term storage. And according to the accumulation of useful substances, early and middle ripening is bypassed: at the same time for germination, the vegetation lasts a month longer for up to three weeks. Late carrots Moscow late ready for harvest 145 days after sowing.
In regions with a temperate climate, like Moscow region, late Moscow carrots are not taken to be planted in early spring. The prewinter sowing is practiced with a lapnik shelter, tufts of raspberry crimped carving for snow retention and obstacles to seed blowing.
In spring, ridges are sown no earlier than May. Conic blunt bright orange roots with a length of up to 20 cm and a weight of 0.2 kg in September will yield 6.5 kg / m.2, and the sowing of the end of October in August will give up to 10 kg / m2
Carrots - a vegetable with which on the soil with a poor fertile layer in an unfavorable summer will never be left without a significant harvest.
How to grow a good carrot crop: