Today breeders received an abundance of varieties of sweet pepper. To get a bountiful harvest of this vegetable in your garden, it is important not to be mistaken with the choice of variety. The gardener will need to take into account the peculiarities of the crop and follow the guidelines for growing fruit.
Common Pepper Varieties
In specialized stores you can find seeds of various varieties. They bear fruit in the form of a cube, cone or ball. The colors of the peppers are also different: they are red, orange, green and yellow. White and purple vegetables are not so common.
Varieties differ in ripening terms. They can be divided into three groups:
- Early ripening. They ripen quickly and bring a bountiful harvest after 80 days from the time of sowing. They are planted in the northern regions of the country, where summer is often short and cool.
- Mid-season. These varieties are suitable for the middle band, where they can be successfully grown in the greenhouse. From sowing seeds to the first fruit takes about 120 days. In the south, they are planted directly in open ground.
- Late-ripening To ripen peppers take about 140 days. These varieties are suitable for growing in greenhouse conditions or in the southern regions.
When choosing pay attention to the form. It is worth considering how the fruits will be used. For salads, the shape of pepper by and large does not matter. But for the stuffing they often take varieties with the correct outlines.
Purpose of round peppers and common varieties
For canning in cans, round small round pepper is ideal; the variety is so-called and where you need to grow - you can read further. Among spherical vegetables, there are not so few large varieties.
This is one of the most popular varieties among gardeners. By weight, one pepper turns out to be more than 150 g. It is distinguished by thick walls and a pericarp. He is so loved by gardeners due to resistance to rot, mildew and wilt.
"Koloboks" quickly ripen and abundantly bear fruit. Peppers rounded shape, smooth skin. The flesh is juicy, vegetables have a pleasant aroma. They are consumed fresh and also used for harvesting for the winter.
One of the earliest varieties, different fruits round shape. To technical ripeness from seedling shoots, 110-120 days pass. Biological ripeness is achieved after 140-150 days. The plant is a small height - about 35 cm. The fruit by weight is from 100 to 150 g, the walls are 6-8 mm, the skin is smooth. As maturation acquires a yellow color.
It is recommended to first sow the seeds for seedlings. The high-yielding grade, resists withering. Peppers keep a trade dress, are suitable both for the direct use, and for conservation.
Also applies to early peppers. Before the onset of technical maturity, 108-120 days pass, biological comes later - after 140-155 days. The plant is compact and low - about 35 cm. The fruits are round, the weight varies from 150 to 220 g. At first they have a lime color, then become bright red. They have a smooth skin and tender pulp. The walls reach 8-9 mm in thickness.
The Golden Fleece
This variety produces rounded, slightly flattened peppers. Refers to mid-season, before reaching technical ripeness, 115-125 days pass. Biological ripeness occurs within 150 days. The height of the bush is about 50 cm, the foliage is thick. The weight of one vegetable reaches 180-220 g, fruits with thick walls of 8.5-10 mm.
When biological ripeness is reached, the Golden Fleece pepper has a yellow-orange color. First, it is advised to sow the seeds for seedlings It has excellent taste. It resists verticillary wilt.
This mid-season sweet pepper forms a tall shrub 45-60 cm with dense foliage. Fruits are round, with light ribbing, large size, weight in the range of 100-150 g. Upon reaching biological ripeness, which occurs in 158-165 days, they acquire a dark red color. Walls of 8-10 mm.
The fruits have great taste. Seeds are planted through seedlings, sowing in cassettes is common. Variety resists wilting. Peppers can be used fresh in the kitchen or canned for winter.
Mid-season hybrid (as the name shows), giving abundant yields. The bush is quite high, the stem grows to 85 cm. Peppers are rounded, slightly flattened with a ribbed surface. Upon reaching biological ripeness, they acquire a rich red color. The weight of one fruit is 100 g, the walls are 6-7 mm.
The variety forms shtambovy shrub up to 60 cm. Fruits grow with thick walls (from 8 to 11 mm), the pulp is juicy. Red skin. If you follow the recommendations for growing this variety, you can get peppers weighing up to 140 g. Fruiting in these plants lasts for one and a half months.
Interesting varieties of Dutch selection
Excellent characteristics have varieties and hybrids obtained by Dutch breeders. Next will be called some of them.
In appearance in the photo, this pepper strongly resembles a tomato. It has a bright red color, round shape and very thick walls - up to one and a half centimeters. The flesh is juicy and very tasty. The mass of one fruit reaches 100-150 g. At the stage of technical ripeness of green color, you can also harvest at this stage of growth.
The fruits are used for stuffing, salads or main dishes are cut into rings. Thick-walled peppers perfectly retain their shape, so they can be stored for a long time. Suitable for canning. Differs in high productivity.
Variety of hot pepper round shape and miniature size. It has a pronounced sharpness, which quickly disappears.
After planting in the soil the fruits ripen within 70 days. The origin of the variety comes from Hungary. One of sweet peppers, has a slight zhguchestvu (the name of the variety includes the word "paprika"). Suitable for drying and subsequent grinding for cooking spices. Can be directly consumed.
The diameter of the average round fruit is 5 cm, the bush grows up to 45 cm. In mid-summer flowering occurs. Thick-walled peppers, as they ripen from cream, turn orange or red.
Acquaintance with a grade of Gogoshary
Gogoshary - one of the varieties of sweet pepper, which brings round fruit. When it reaches a technical ripeness, it is green, and later becomes yellow or red.
This grade belongs to early ripe, shoots overtake other grades of sweet pepper. Fruits grow large, juicy, with thick walls. They are very convenient to use for stuffing.Important! Pepper Gogoshary easily pereopilyatsya with varieties of bitter pepper. Therefore, if the bushes are located nearby, you can get a large fruit with a burning taste.
Growing these vegetables consists of the following steps.
- Seed preparation. For disinfection they are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Soil preparation. The soil can be poured into the box and treated with steam, holding over boiling water.
- Sowing seeds for seedlings. In terms of better to do it closer to the end of February.
- Transplant seedlings into the soil towards the end of May. It is worth noting that these plants should not be buried.
- Further care includes regular watering, fertilization, loosening the soil.
- When mid-August has passed, the fruits will reach biological ripeness. From green they will become yellow or red. Gogoshary peppers often have redness.
Gogoshary is a high-yielding variety. When weather conditions deteriorate, immature fruits can be removed and placed in a dry rag pouch. If you leave them for a couple of weeks in a dark place, they will begin to acquire the final shade, as in the photo.
Selection of seeds: what biological characteristics to pay attention to
Features of plant development directly affect how much time and effort will require care for them. Depending on this, the cost of peppers will vary. There are two main aspects.
- Maximum plant height. From this indicator directly depends on how much effort will be required to grow a plant. In different varieties, the stem can grow from 30 to 170 cm. When choosing tall plants it is worth considering that they need binding, and these are additional tools and efforts. The stem itself is grassy, gradually it begins to harden at the base. In the zones of branching separate flowers are formed.
- Storage period When buying seeds should find out how long the crop can lie without losing the original characteristics.
Varietal features affect other parties. It is important to clarify whether a particular Bulgarian pepper is resistant to diseases and attacks of pests. Each variety has its own yield.
The differences in the cultivation of sweet pepper
Pepper is a heat-loving culture. Therefore, if in the southern regions of the bushes can be safely planted in open ground, in the north to get a bountiful harvest will be possible only in the greenhouse.
Unlike other crops, pepper has a longer growing season. This property explains that peppers are grown through seedlings. Seeds are sown in early February. To do this, use the boxes with fertile soil.
Many gardeners prefer to buy seeds of early ripe varieties. When grown under shelter, the fruits reach a technical ripeness within 100 days from the moment of germination.
Peppers are quite demanding on temperature:
- for seed germination, the best temperature is 25-27 degrees;
- optimum temperature for plant development - 20-23 degrees;
- if the readings fall to 13 degrees, seedlings and already adult plants suspend growth.
Peppers are important not only heat, but also lighting. If young sprouts are planted on a shaded area, they will stretch out, throw off flowers and ovaries. Pepper beds should be allocated in a well-lit place, sheltered from the strong wind.
For peppers, conditions such as moisture and fertile soil are also important. The soil should be light and loose, well hydrated, with neutral acidity. The lack of water significantly affects the condition of the plants and the size of the fruit.
If you follow the agrotechnology, you can grow on your site a rich harvest of peppers. This culture is demanding of moisture, light and heat. The variety must be chosen taking into account the climatic characteristics of its region In the southern regions, peppers can be grown in an open garden, and in the northern and in the middle lane it is preferable to plant them in a greenhouse. Round fruits are perfect for stuffing and canning.