To ensure a good harvest, it is important to take care of buying quality seeds in advance. But most people are often at a loss for what kind of seeds are better suited for their conditions, and first of all it’s worth paying attention to. After all, having made the wrong choice of seeds, you can make a lot of effort and not get the desired result, and the whole thing will be that this variety just did not fit you in the climatic zone, or you planted it in a time unusual for this variety of cucumbers. The main mistake of non-professional gardeners, however trite it may sound, is to choose seeds from the picture on the package, although the most important things are usually written on it, only on the reverse side.
Choosing seeds for seedlings
It is best to choose the winter season, in order to systematically purchase seeds of varieties or hybrids, for spring seedlings.
So, if you are interested in early ripe cucumbers, then you should know that they, too, are divided into two groups, according to the speed of ripening.
- Ultra Early (Super Early).
In turn, both of these groups include hybrid, parthenocarpic, self-pollinated and insect-pollinated varieties. But which of these species should stop its attention, this is a topic for their detailed analysis.
So what is the best hybrid or variety?
A variety is a group of plants formed by crossing one type of cucumber. Its feature is the initial support for the growth of male plants, which subsequently must pollinate female. But since the male color takes a lot of energy, it is not necessary to wait for an early result from these plants. Although there is a way to accelerate the ripening process, by removing the male flowers in the manual mode, and when the plant reaches a height of more than 70 cm, the main stem should be pinned, after which it will give out lateral shoots on which the flowers will be female.
Hybrid is an artificially derived group of plants that has mostly female blooms, although professionals on such bushes initially also remove flowers that are formed on the stem below 70 cm to enhance the growth of shoots and foliage. The only drawback of hybrid cucumbers in front of varietal and self-pollinating ones are, in the absence of their seed material, from overripe fruits.
Self-pollinated cucumber varieties - such plants have both male and female signs of flowering (stamens and pistil) in their flowers. The advantage of this species is that seeds can be harvested from fruits, for planting next year and not pollinating them manually.
Varieties of early and ultra early cucumbers
Self-pollinating grade Kid
From this variety, the harvest can begin to be collected after 30 - 38 days from the moment the first shoots appear. These self-pollinated, early ripe cucumbers, are suitable both for salads, and for salting for the winter. Other positive and negative factors include:
- The lack of bitterness in the fetus;
- The seeds of these cucumbers are suitable only for open ground;
- Fruits do not turn yellow, even if they are not plucked for a long time;
- You can save in fairly good condition for 10 days.
You will receive the first fruits from this self-pollinated variety about 38 days after planting the seeds. Zelenets is of medium size with small but durable watches, the fruit itself has an ellipsoidal shape and does not exceed a length of 10 - 15 cm. The flavor qualities of this variety are on an average level, and the fruits obtained from it are suitable mainly for use in raw form.
Seeds of this variety are put up for sale as early ripening, and they justify this appointment, but only on open ground. In this case, the first harvest is obtained about 40 days after planting seeds. They reach a maximum length of 13 cm, but for salting it is better to use fruits up to 9 cm long, and large cucumbers can be eaten raw. Seeds give the best results in the open field, but in the greenhouses the yield drops slightly.
Seeds of this self-pollinated variety will get acclimatized on any soil, even planting them in an apartment on the windowsill, you will not reduce the amount of the crop. After planting the seeds, the first Zelentsy will start to be tied at 45 - 48 days. Distinctive features in this class will be:
- Sweetness of the fruit;
- Cylindrical shape with small tubercles;
- Significant disease resistance;
- Universal use in food;
- The ability to plant seeds in a different type of soil.
Refers to a parthenicary look. After you have planted the seeds, the first ovary will appear after 35 days. Like almost all early self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers, Voyage is not suitable for salting, because the skin of early varieties is thin and strongly absorbs moisture.Important! It is worth noting that the harvest period after planting early seeds of cucumbers is usually somewhat shorter than that of late ripening.
This is explained by the fact that the feeding of the fetus comes directly from the root system, and it, in turn, stops developing after the appearance of the first ovaries. On the face of a direct pattern, the rapid appearance of Zelentsov does not allow a powerful root to form, and its vitality is only enough for a short period of fruiting.
It belongs to the family of early ripening, and after you plant the seeds, you can prepare for harvesting about 45 - 52 days. Self-pollinated varieties such as April usually have male and female signs in bloom. Zelenets is decorated with large white thorns, reaches a length of up to 20 cm. It is quite resistant to some of the most common diseases (powdery mildew and root rot).
Having planted seeds, the first harvest can be expected from this variety already for 50 days, it is mainly cultivated in open ground. The fruit has a rich green color, an average weight of 70 - 90 grams, and up to 10 cm in length. Many summer residents successfully grow it in greenhouses, its medium-sized shrubs are resistant to many diseases.
This bee-pollinating hybrid begins to fructify on the 55th day after you plant the seeds. Although the variety is pollinated by bees, it has mostly female blooms. Well suited for growing in greenhouses, but in open fields bears fruit no worse. Zelentsy this varieties reach masses in 100-120 gr. and lengths of 8 - 10 cm, have a lumpy shape. Diseases such as bacteriosis, downy mildew, anthracosis and spotting of this variety are not dangerous. With proper care from one bush you can get up to 8 kg of cucumbers.
Breeders managed to bring the most successful early ripening varieties for pickling - this is one of them. The harvest period begins after 50-55 days from the time you planted the seeds. This cultivar is mainly cultivated in the open field. The bush itself has average parameters for growth in height and width, and fruits from it are obtained 10 - 12 cm in length, and weighing up to 125 grams.
The first shoots appear after a week from the moment of seed planting, after another 43 - 48 days, the first fruits can be expected. The variety itself is intended for open and closed ground. These are self-pollinated cucumbers with female flowers, with a fairly moderate spore formation. Zelentsy themselves have black thorns on their surface. These gherkins are almost the shortest, only 9–10 cm long, and weighing 80–100 grams. This hybrid is extremely resistant to all types of powdery mildew and root rot.
This variety begins to bear fruit for about 50 - 55 days from the time the seeds were planted in the ground. It belongs to the self-pollinated, but the color is predominantly female. It is used for growing in greenhouses and in the open field. Zelentsy have a rich bright green color, with longitudinal white stripes, with narrowed at the base. They are genetically deprived of bitterness. Have a relatively short length of the fruit up to 10 cm, and weight up to 100 grams. The variety is fairly resistant to diseases.
Self-pollinated flowers appear on it by 43–45 days from the time the seeds are planted. The grade is intended for hotbeds, greenhouses and open grounds, does not take root on a window sill. Fruits are dark green with stripes of light color. Zelenets is usually about 8–9 cm long, the bush itself has complex resistance to common diseases.
One of the earliest varieties. The period before the appearance of the first ovaries on a bush is about 42 - 45 days, provided that the seeds are planted in May. If you comply with all the requirements, by the end of June he will make you happy with ripe greens of 8 to 10 cm in length and rounded shape. The hybrid itself is parthenocarpic, and its seeds germinate successfully at an average temperature of +10 degrees.
Of course, this is not all early cucumbers that are worthy of attention. Breeders in agricultural farms annually bring a lot of new hybrids and self-pollinating varieties, so many have already chosen for themselves leaders who are perfectly acclimatized in a particular climatic zone. We only hope that this list will be of interest not only to novice gardeners, but also experienced gardeners who have decided to expand their knowledge.