The variety of sweet red pepper is a vegetable pepper, which was derived by Bulgarian breeders in the twentieth century. Red Bulgarian pepper is a rather large pod-like fruit, the color of which changes depending on maturity, first green, then orange, then bright red and finally dark red. By the amount of capsaicin in the composition of the Bulgarian pepper is divided into sweet pepper and bitter. In America, where the pepper is from, it still grows in the wild.
What is the use
Sweet red pepper in its composition has fiber, nitrogenous substances, soluble sugars, starch and essential oils, as well as vitamins of groups A, B, C, E, PP and a large number of trace elements. The use of red sweet Bulgarian pepper is especially indicated for those who have depression, insomnia, fatigue, as well as diabetes and memory impairment. According to the content of vitamin C, this pepper is just a champion!
The daily rate of vitamin C for a person is about 100 mg, and its content in pepper is per 100 g of the weight of 150 g of vitamin. So, having eaten only one pepper, you can replenish the body with a daily dose of vitamin C. This vitamin, together with beta-carotene and lycopene contained in sweet pepper, is involved in the fight against oncology, preventing the formation of cancer cells. Red bell pepper also has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, frees the body from potential carcinogens and strengthens the cardiovascular system. Eating sweet red pepper is useful for diseases such as:
- blood disease;
- bleeding gums;
- fragility of blood vessels;
- digestive problems;
- delayed peristalsis;
- excessive sweating, etc.
Due to the alkaloid capsaicin, regular use of red bell pepper as food contributes to good pancreatic activity, lowers blood pressure, blood thinning, which, in turn, reduces the risk of blood clots and prevents the occurrence of thrombophlebitis. Due to the fact that capsaicin is contained in a small amount of red sweet pepper, the use of this pepper will not adversely affect the stomach. And the juice obtained by processing in a juicer, is very useful for patients with diabetes (prevents the formation of "bad" cholesterol) and pregnant women, as it strengthens the nails and hair.
Red sweet Bulgarian pepper has not only healing, but also rejuvenating properties. On its basis it is possible to make a pleasant mask for the care of the skin of the face.
Recipe anti-aging mask
Put the raw egg, pre-beaten, 1 tsp into the minced pepper blender. sour cream, stir well. This mixture is applied to a cleanly washed face, after a quarter of an hour it is removed from the face with warm water. After 5-7 such procedures, the skin of the face is cleansed and fresh.
Pepper juice is used as a moisturizing tonic. Due to the vitamins and minerals contained in it, skin rejuvenation occurs. And at least one glass of juice every day will help prevent many diseases, such as a cold.
The variety of sweet pepper varieties is amazing and pleasing to the eye. But how to figure out which variety is better to plant in your plot? Below are descriptions and photos of some varieties of red sweet pepper.
The best varieties of red sweet pepper
An early hybrid (100-110 days from sowing), when sowing in early March, it is already possible to harvest crops for seedlings in mid-June, with a considerable crop - 14-16 kg / sq. The height of the bush reaches one meter, so the best way to grow it is a greenhouse, where it can be tied up to a support and create more favorable conditions for ripening. This is especially true for the Siberian region and northern regions of Russia. The fruit has the shape of a cube, with thick walls (1 cm), very large, red in color with a wonderful taste. It has resistance to tobacco mosaic and potato virus.
One of the very early varieties (90-110 days), with cone-shaped fruits, the average weight of one pepper reaches 100 grams. The bush is of medium height (40-60 cm), therefore it is also suitable for open beds. Harvest - about 2.5 kg of beautiful, elastic fruits from the bush. It has resistance to pepper diseases.
Mid-season grade (120-135 days) with cubical fruits of red color, weight from 150 to 250 grams. The fruits have a slight ribbing, the wall thickness is about 8 mm, very juicy, sweet, fragrant. The bush is quite compact, not too high (50-60 cm). Harvest gives a good - about three kilograms of large, tasty fruit from the bush. Virus-resistant. You can grow not only under the film, but also in open ground.
It refers to mid-season varieties (120-130 days from germination) with elongated conical fruits, weighing from 140 to 220 grams, thick-walled up to 8 mm, with juicy, sweet pulp. A bush up to 75 cm high, up to 3 kg of fruits are produced from a bush. Resistant to viruses. Feature varieties - long storage and good transportability. In the methods of growing universal - and the greenhouse, and an open garden.
The leader of the Redskins
Early variety (110 days), peppers in the shape of a cube, very large (from 120 to 750 grams), the color changes from green to bright red. Bush medium high (up to 60 cm), compact, powerful, with fleshy, juicy, sweet fruits.
In addition to the usual pepper of usual length and shape, there is also a red sweet long pepper with fruits of an unusual shape, which will be discussed below.
Varieties of red long pepper
Variety refers to the early (90-110 days). The bush is quite powerful and high (up to 90 cm) with long conical fruits, reaching a length of 22 cm with a width of about 6 cm and a weight of about 220 grams. The color changes from green to dark red. The taste is excellent, juiciness is high, very convenient for canning whole. Harvest gives a good.
A variety of early ripening (100-110 days from germination). Recommended for greenhouse maintenance. The bush is very tall, spreading, about 150 cm tall, so the garter on the support does not hurt. Fruits of the original appearance, resembling a slightly curved cylinder, are bright red in color, the weight of the pepper reaches 0.5 kg, and is up to 30 cm long. The wall is rather thick - 7-8 mm. The fruit is juicy, sweet, with pepper flavor.
Early ripening variety. It is better to grow in a greenhouse, as it is suitable for selling products in the markets due to early ripening. Bush high (80-100 cm), requires a garter to the support. Fruits in the form of a cone, weighing up to 200 grams, with a wall thickness of about 6 mm, in color from light green to red. Virus-resistant. Very good at conservation.
Early ripening hybrid (95-100 days). The bush is tall, reaching about a meter in height. Fruits of elongated shape, beautiful dark red color, about 20-22 cm long, 12-13 cm wide, thick-walled (1 cm). Virus-independent. It grows well, not only in the greenhouse, but also in the open garden.
The variety is medium late (145-150 days from germination). Low bush (35-50 cm), compact, pretty. The fruit has a clear pod form, color from green to dark red, the weight of the pepper is 30-40 grams, although not very fleshy, but the walls are quite thick (up to 3.5 cm), the length reaches 13-15 cm. Good for the open ground. Despite the fact that in appearance it resembles a hot pepper, it tastes sweet and juicy. Very good for drying and grinding; It turns out a great seasoning such as paprika.