The best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses


The best way to get an early crop of cucumbers is to grow them in a greenhouse. But in order to collect even and tasty cucumbers in early spring, it is very important to choose the right variety of them. Most often, parthenocarpic and self-pollinated selection species are selected for cultivation in the greenhouse. Consider the main selection criteria and the advantages of planting certain varieties.

Which varieties to choose for a greenhouse

Gardeners, who have long been engaged in growing vegetables in greenhouses and greenhouses, will immediately say that the best varieties of cucumbers for early ripening are self-pollinated hybrids. This breeding species perfectly adapts to the surrounding conditions, shows high yield and resistance to many diseases characteristic of greenhouse cultivation. In order for the plant to pollinate in the greenhouse, the presence of bees is not at all necessary, as it happens in the open garden beds.

Before you start buying seeds, decide - what exactly you will use the harvest. This is also a criterion that allows for the right choice.

Possible uses of cucumber harvest

For conservation

Choose the first generation hybrids. Fruits are even, small in size, with thin skin, and the content of pectic acid and sugar is somewhat exceeded in terms of indicators. These varieties include: Ira (F1), Naf-Fanto (F1), Marinda (F1) and others.

For fresh use and salads

Fruits that have a thick peel, tolerate transportation and light spikes (some species - without spikes). Such cucumbers can not be canned, because the fruits are poorly absorbed in salt and acetic solutions.

Universal varieties

Small fruit, barely reaching 7-8 cm in length. Equally good for canning, pickling and fresh consumption. The skin of the fruit is of medium density with black or brown spikes.

Tip! When buying seeds for planting, be sure to consult with experts or get acquainted with the instructions. The wrong choice can cause a sick and poor harvest.

The main thing is that the instructions for the seeds should reflect the following characteristics:

  • Self-guided;
  • Maturation period - early and medium;
  • Method of use - universal;
  • Hybrid;
  • The fruit is short or medium in size.

In addition, the seeds are separated by the period of harvest - spring-summer, summer-autumn, winter-spring. And therefore it is necessary to determine which varieties you need.

What are the most fruitful varieties

To obtain an early qualitative harvest, breeders created new varieties of cucumbers, the seeds of which are suitable for planting in greenhouses. They are highly resistant to diseases, universal in use, due to their small size and thin skin.

Today, the best F1 hybrids are very popular with gardeners who grow vegetables in greenhouses and greenhouses:


Self-pollinated early ripe varieties, the fruits of which have a dense structure and even form. Harvest can be obtained already after 1.5-2 months after the first shoot of the seedling. Cucumbers are universal in use, and by type they are classified as gherkins.


Seeds of this variety are planted in small greenhouses of small areas. Fruits are dense and small (do not exceed 7-8 cm). Flowers are self-pollinated, and early harvests yield an average of 10 to 12 kg per square meter.


Partenokarpichesky universal grade with small fruits of medium density. Seeds are resistant to drops and sharp drops in temperature; cucumbers can be grown even in light film greenhouses, which are lined up exclusively for picking seasonal vegetables.


Cucumbers have incredible stamina, and, unlike other varieties, they are not whimsical to regular watering. Up to 15 kg of fruits can be harvested from one bush during the harvest period. Fruits are universal, do not exceed 10-12 cm in length.

Cupid F1

This variety belongs to the ultra-early and high-yielding hybrids. "Cupid" is unpretentious in the care, in the harvest period with a square meter can be collected from 25 to 30 kg of cucumbers.


Another variety worthy of attention gardeners who want to get a quick and rich harvest. From the bush, on average, they harvest up to 22-25 kg of fruits. The variety is resistant to many greenhouse diseases, frost hardy, and dense small fruits are convenient for long-term transportation.

The best early ripening varieties

Breeders who put a lot of effort into breeding new cucumber species have also made sure that the crop in the greenhouse can be taken as early as possible. Here is just a small list of early early maturity species:


Seeds are planted for growing in special containers, and then determined in greenhouse conditions. The fruits ripen in six weeks after the first seedlings emerge. The size of the cucumber at full maturity can reach 20-23 cm, so the variety is determined for fresh consumption.


Universal variety with medium size fruits. Hybrid flowers are self-pollinated. Crop harvested at 40-45 day after the first ovary.

Seeds of Dutch cucumbers for greenhouses

When buying varieties brought to us from Holland, you can be sure that the hybrids during growth will be fully protected from pests and diseases, and the fruits will not taste bitter. In addition, all varieties of Dutch cucumbers are self-pollinated, and the seeds have high germination rates (almost 95% of all those planted in the ground give seedlings quickly).

Attention! When purchasing these varieties of cucumbers for growing in greenhouses, remember that the methods of planting and moving seedlings are somewhat different from the usual ones.

Caring for Dutch cucumbers is carried out according to the scheme specified in the instructions.

Seeds of varieties from Holland are planted in the ground as follows:

  • In the middle or end of March, the required number of seeds is sown in ordinary planting containers (the distance between the grains should not exceed 2 cm);
  • The soil in the planting container should consist of a mixture of fertile land, sand, peat and manure, in a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1 (respectively);
  • As soon as the seedlings are ready for planting, they are moved to the previously prepared beds of greenhouses (trench depth - 40 cm);
  • The distance between the beds with Dutch cucumbers should be at least 80 cm;
  • Dutch varieties are planted and grown by the method of "square";
  • Feed the plant can only begin after pinching the first regrown "antennae".

If you follow all the rules for planting and caring for seedlings, you can get fast maturation and high yield.

Which varieties from Dutch breeders are better

The best seeds of varieties brought from Holland, according to gardeners, are the following:

"Bettina F1"

Early gherkin species cucumbers. The characteristics of the variety is adaptation to any illumination in the greenhouse, which can significantly reduce energy costs. Fruits do not have bitterness, are universal, and therefore are used both for preservation and for preparing salads.


Self-cured early cucumbers with small (up to 15 cm long) and dense fruits. The hybrid has gained popularity due to its high yield and excellent taste.

"Hector F1"

The best cucumbers for canning and pickling. Fruits are dense, length does not exceed 10 cm. In addition, this variety is famous for its resistance to long-term storage.

These and other varieties of Dutch cucumbers self-pollinated, resistant to diseases affecting vegetables in the regions of Central Russia, belong to early and early ripe hybrids. All varieties and subspecies give a bountiful and tasty universal harvest.

The most delicious cucumbers in greenhouses and greenhouses

Summer residents, who spend only a few months a year on their plots, set up small, light greenhouses in order to get a seasonal crop to the table and make some conservation for the winter. To do this, select the early ripening seeds of the most delicious, according to gardeners, varieties.


A variety bred specifically for a greenhouse. The advantage of planting a hybrid is a high yield (up to 25 kg with 1 m2). Seeds are planted both in greenhouses and in the open field.


Early variety, fruit ripening which occurs on the 35-40th day after the appearance of seedlings. Cucumbers have proven to be the best for preservation and salting.


A great option for pickling hybrids. High yield and resistance to low temperatures allows you to receive a crop from the beginning of May to the month of October inclusive.


Choosing varieties of cucumbers for growing in a greenhouse today is not difficult. The variety of hybrids is so large that it will easily satisfy the needs of the most demanding gardener.