The origin of the Master Gray chickens is hidden by a veil of secrecy. There are two versions explaining where this meat and egg cross came from. Some believe that these chickens were bred in France, others that Hubbard company bred them in Hungary.
In which country, indeed, the breed was unknown is unknown, because the affiliation of the company Hubbard is covered in secret. The company is international and the address of the head office on the site they did not bother to specify. Breeding centers have in several countries, and their representatives work around the world. In Russia, the company's products come from Hungary. But the breed received its first recognition in France 20 years ago, hence the opinion that it was bred in this country.
Description of the breed of chickens "Master Gray"
The Gray Gray chickens were named for the plumage color, in which gray feathers with randomly scattered individual white and black feathers predominate. Most clearly speckled pattern stands out in the neck and along the edges of the wings. On the case krap greased.
Chickens have powerful paws supporting a large body. Laying weight 4 kg, roosters grow up to 6 kg. Master Gray Chickens begin to trot even before industrial egg crosses.Attention! If the egg crosses are born from 4 months, then Master Gray begins to lay eggs as early as 3.5 months with a productivity similar to that of industrial breeds: 300 pieces per year.
Meat without excess fat is very tender. A large yield of dietary meat makes the chicken suitable for making baby food. And there are also volunteers for large, fleshy legs.
Chickens Master Gray very flexible temper and with a phlegmatic temperament. Very quickly tamed. However, all crosses are distinguished by the absence of a person’s fear. Many owners, having got chickens of this breed, refuse to keep ornamental chickens.
In the photo cross Master Gray:
A warning! Although the Master Gray has a well-developed incubation instinct, breeding the breed alone is not recommended.
Since this is a cross, then in the progeny there is a splitting on the genotype. Even genius genetics will not succeed in breeding cross themselves using parent breeds, for the simple reason that the original breeds are kept secret. Therefore, the purchase of chickens will have the company Hubbard.
The chickens themselves can be used to hatch eggs from chickens of other breeds, but this may be unprofitable if it is not about rare and expensive breeds for sale.
The lack of breed of Master Gray chickens can be considered too slow compared to broiler crosses weight gain.Important! The full weight of the bird is gained only by 6 months.
Plus, in private farms, chickens easily carry 200 eggs a year, but they do not reach up to 300. According to the owners, this may occur because on the farmstead it is impossible to provide the best conditions for keeping poultry like conditions at poultry farms.
However, the same is observed in the private farmstead when growing broilers, which is why the myth appeared about adding steroids in poultry farms to feed broilers.
Breed chickens Master Gray has a high adaptive abilities and in the content of unpretentious. But the minimum requirements for its content, it still makes. All requirements are dictated solely by the large size of the hens.Attention! Master Gray should be kept in a dry, well-ventilated chicken coop, where sand and ash baths must be installed.
Felting instinct in the dust of the chickens could satisfy, bathing in sawdust, but it is ash that is needed. Bathing in the ashes of hens is necessary for the destruction of perojedy, settling in the feather cover. Without sand, too light ash will quickly spread throughout the chicken coop, without bringing any benefit. So that the ashes do not fly everywhere, they mix it with sand.
The calculation of the area for chickens is done taking into account the fact that the Master Gray chickens need more space than ordinary chickens. Therefore, one square meter of floor space should account for no more than two chickens of this breed.
For winter maintenance, the chicken coop is insulated and equipped with infrared lamps. In addition to heat, such lamps provide additional lighting on short winter days, helping to keep egg laying levels at a high level.
Fundamentally, Master Gray's chicken feed does not differ from feed for any other breed of chicken. If there is no goal to fatten chickens like broilers, then feed that is particularly rich in protein and carbohydrates does not give Master Gray.
In fact, feeding broilers and egg chickens is different in that broilers focus on protein and carbohydrates, while eggs in the feed contain large amounts of vitamin E, calcium and protein.
They feed Master Gray at least 3 times a day. Grain is given in the morning and in the evening, and in the afternoon greens, vegetables and a wet mash of bran and derti. If there is a green area with weeds, you can let chickens walk there.
In the diet of chickens must be feed of animal origin: bone, meat and bone, blood or fish meal. For the strength of the shell, the hens will need mineral supplements in the form of ground eggs, chalk or shell rock. Grains, herbs and vegetables form the basis of the diet.
In the photo daily chickens Master Gray:
Grown-up chicken Master Gray:
Chickens under the age of one month should receive feed with a high content of protein: finely chopped boiled hard-boiled eggs, meat, minced fish. It is also good to add greens. You can use ready-made feed for chickens. But with feed, you need to be more careful, because when using feed for broilers, chickens will grow faster, but they will not nest.Important! When feeding small chickens, it is important not to overdo it with animal feed.
In addition to protein components, cereals are also needed. From the first day you can give boiled millet mixed with egg. Although chickens with access to the sand, can digest and raw cereal.
From one and a half months to chickens add "heavy" grain: ground barley and wheat, - with the high content of carbohydrates. The increase in feed consumption occurs with the growth of the chicken. For every kilogram of gained weight of feed consumed:
- up to 2 weeks - 1.3 kg;
- from 2 weeks to 1 month - 1.7 kg;
- From 1 to 2 months - 2.3 kg.
For normal development, chickens should not lack food. To avoid malnutrition and the struggle for food, where the stronger will inevitably push the weak away from the feeder, it is better not to save on feed and give them in abundance so that everyone can eat plenty.
Other breed options
The mysterious breed "Master Gris" is still the same "Master Gray", but in the French reading of this title.Attention! In Russia, the Master Gray breed has another name: the Hungarian Giant.
This is due to the fact that this breed of chickens in Russia comes from Hungary.
On the basis of the same parent breeds, Hubbard developed another line with a red color, which was called Foxy Chick (literal translation of the fox cheek). Another name for this breed is “Red Bro.” They have characteristics similar to those of Master Gray, but their plumage is redder.
The direction of this line is also egg-and-meat, but the breeders believe that Red bro is larger than Master Gray and carry better.
In the photo is a typical chicken Red Bro or Foxy Chik:
Daily brood Red Bro:
Grown up chicken Red Bro:
In addition to the original Master Gray and Red Bro, the company has already derived two more subspecies:
- Master Gray M - the result of the crossing of gray roosters Master Gray and Red Bro chickens;
- Master Gray S is the result of the crossing of roosters Master Gray M and Red Bro chickens.
Both subspecies differ from the original rocks in a pale yellow, almost white color, dark edging of the wings and a characteristic gray point on the crown.
In the photo line Master Gray M:
And on the bottom photo is the next line of the Master Gray S, in the coloring of which is slightly more red.
Since Master Gray and Foxy Chick are similar in their characteristics, chicks can be kept together from day one. In case of warm weather chickens calmly walk outside in the aviary.
Reviews of owners of Master Gray chickensVitaly Valiev, D. Yegoryevka. I have been keeping Master Gray hens for several years now. Before that, I tried to buy industrial cross-country chickens for eggs, they turned out to be too capricious. They needed a constant temperature in the hen house for stable egg production. Master Gray is far less whimsical. They rather need a long light day than a stable temperature. In the feed too unpretentious. To be honest, before the advertised three hundred eggs per year, they do not reach, but more than 200 are regularly carried even in winter. When buying a large batch of incubator eggs, when the hatched chickens grow up and it becomes clear where the chicken is, where the rooster is, separate them from each other. I feed the roosters with compound feed for broilers, the future layers - feed for egg hens. I buy lots with the expectation that the chickens will breed in March. I keep roosters until autumn, laying hens until next year.
Yulia Konakova, Nizhny Novgorod I ordered eggs of this breed on the farm, without knowing anything about it. When hatched, during the week several chickens died. Now I think I did something wrong or were they just weak? Remaining like so much that I really regret that they can not be diluted themselves. In the morning you go out on the porch, they are already waiting. People are not afraid at all. Leisurely and important walk around the yard. And the eggs are large. Weighed, from 65 to 70 g each. I slaughtered extra cocks, but my hand didn’t rise to the hens, they took too much for the soul. Right at least until old age hold. On the other hand, I do not live with the sale of eggs. It is now forced to sell the extra, so that the good is not lost. Become less rush, and God bless them. Maybe I will leave it to old age. Very very tame.
The owner of these chickens very well describes his impressions of Red Bro on video:
Hubbard chickens are already very popular in the West and are becoming more and more famous in the CIS. They are a very good replacement at private farms with broiler and egg industrial crosses that require special conditions of detention.