I want to decorate my dacha at any time of the year, especially in spring. When nature begins to revive, the area should also be cozy and beautiful. Long before the common garden flowers begin to bloom, wintering perennials appear above the ground. A beautiful flower bed can be created not only for the season. Of course, this is also nice - every year experimenting with a new design. But in some places help out plants that grow in one place for several years - perennials.
Their advantages are hard to overlook:
- the ability to create compositions, blooming all season;
- the above-ground part of perennials after winter is reborn without transplanting;
- no need to prepare the plants for wintering or dig for storage;
- frost resistance;
- unpretentiousness and undemanding to care.
All these advantages indicate that the cultivation of perennial plants - a profitable event.Attention! They feel great for 3-4 years in one place, becoming stronger and more beautiful.
But then they need to be transplanted. The reasons are the depletion of the soil and the reproduction of pathogens that can cause disease or slow growth of perennials. Bulb perennials should be distinguished as a separate group. These are flowers, in which the underground part is an onion. It contains the nutrients the plant needs for growth and development. However, not all bulbous perennials survive in the open field in winter. Some species require moving to winter in more favorable conditions.
Our article is devoted to onion perennials, which are well tolerated wintering in the open ground.
Frost-resistant bulbous flowers on the site
Among the most common onion flowers, bravely enduring the winter cold, we note:
Very popular hybrids of the Dutch selection, brightly decorating the site in early spring.
Crocuses wintering in the open ground attract attention not only with beautiful shades, but also with large flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. For planting choose healthy and large bulbs. They give up to 6 large bright flowers. If corms are chosen up to 10 cm in diameter, they are capable of expelling 4 buds, less than 9 cm - 3 full-grown flowers. Varietal crocuses provide powerful growth (over 20 cm) and large flowers.
Crocuses - perennials wintering in the open field, require transplantation after 4 years of cultivation in one place. By this time the bulbs will grow, forming small onion-kids. This is the seed material for crocuses planting.
It is also necessary to transplant an adult bulb to enable it to grow further. After digging in June, the bulbs are stored until the end of September.Tip! The optimum temperature can be obtained on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
Bulbs get used to it gradually. First, their week is dried in air, then in a basement without sunlight at a temperature of + 20º. After a couple of weeks you can move to the fridge. It is important to create the right conditions when the tubers will winter. During this period, the bulbs in the ground take root and form a flower bud. Crocuses are frost-resistant perennials, so the landing site can only be covered with branches so that very severe frosts will not damage the plants. The second danger to crocuses in the winter-spring period is rodents and birds.
In spring, the beds are freed from debris and heat-insulating branches. Loosen the ground only after the sprouts appear, so as not to damage the corm. How to help outdoor crocuses to be healthy:
- avoid for landing places of accumulation of winter snow;
- prepare the soil before planting;
- feed the plants;
- digging in the summer to prepare for winter.
If in the spring you did not notice the crocus sprouts at the landing site, do not disturb them. They can successfully climb the next spring.
A wonderful group of perennials wintering in the open field. Undemanding to growing conditions, but very beautiful spring flowers. So that they will please you for more than one year, you will have to fulfill some points when growing irises.
They do not like overmoistening of the soil, deficiency of minerals, constant shade. An artificial or natural slope on which it is good to plant bulbous irises will help to protect against excess moisture. Care must be taken to avoid stagnant rainwater or melting snow. In this case, the drainage system is indispensable. Plants love calcareous soil and sunlight.
When digging future beds make lime or chalk. A year before planting - humus, fertilizer.Attention! The great advantage of bulbous irises wintering in the open field is the ability to grow in one place for up to 10 years.
Hybrids tolerate 5-year exposure. Planted irises for a new place of residence in late September - early October. In some cases, you can do without digging. For this, the flowerbed after wilting plants covered with a film until early October. Early varieties bloom in May, although the greens adorn the flowerbed from early spring.
Not all species are classified as frost-resistant. It is necessary to choose precisely those varieties that tolerate cold winters well. A variety of varieties of tulips, wintering in the open field, can capture the imagination of any summer resident. Caring for them is easy. The bulbs are dug up after the wilting and drying of the aerial parts. Dried in the shade for 3 to 5 days, then stored in the basement until the time of disembarkation. This happens when the soil temperature reaches + 9º. Planted tulips, wintering in the open field, on a windless place.
The main thing is that before it did not grow other types of tulips for 3 years.
Another bulbous perennials wintering in the open field. At one place grows well for several years. Lilies often try not to transplant. This procedure significantly reduces the intensity of plant development, so you need to carefully consider the place of planting. Create a great view in the garden when grown in groups. Three or five lilies, wintering in the open field, look much better than one. Respond well to fertilizing (mineral fertilizers). Feed need twice. In the spring, when the shoots will spawn and in the fall before wintering.
Lilies, wintering in the open field, are wonderful “neighbors”. Develop much better when they are planted with medium or short growing flowers. For lilies is very good when the lower part of the stem in the shade, and the buds in the sun.
It is necessary to carefully choose varieties of daffodils wintering in the open field. Not all species endure cold. For planting choose a place with good lighting, but at noon the plants should be protected from the scorching sun. Another requirement is that the roots of large shrubs or trees should not be near the daffodils. Narcissus, wintering in the open ground, do not like excessive soil moisture. It is important not to plant daffodils in the place where other bulbous precursors were. The land in the flower bed must be fertile, therefore, before planting the bulbs, ash, mineral and organic fertilizers are applied. The main thing is not to deeply deepen the onions and to measure the depth of planting with the level of groundwater. Optimally, in this case, 15 cm from the bottom to the surface of the soil.
Many people call these perennials wintering in the open ground, imperial grouse.
Repot the bulbs after 2-3 years, but if the flowers of the plant become small and in smaller quantities, then do not overtighten with a transplant. After planting the bulbs, hazel grouse bloom the next spring. Conditions for growing hazel grouse - drainage ground, sunny and dry place without large trees around. Best for plants suitable sandy soil.Tip! In order for grouse to survive the winter well, it is necessary to mulch the soil with humus, rotted compost, spruce branches, and dry leaves.
This is very important in snowless winters. Shelter thickness is made up to 25 cm. Grouse bulbs have garlic odor, which helps protect the plant from rodent attacks. When planting, they handle the scales very carefully so as not to damage them.
Now you can choose some perennials that winter in the open field to create a beautiful flower bed.
The nuances of agrotechnical onion perennials
It cannot be said that perennials wintering in the open field are free from shortcomings. The main one is the possibility of freezing in snowless or cold winters without shelter. Caring for them is needed even more thoroughly than for annual plants. But the advantages of these plants are high. You do not have to grow seedlings annually, and the cultivation of perennials can bring sufficient replenishment to the family budget. This will help and proper care for bulbous perennials wintering in the open ground. Among the mandatory procedures should be noted:
- removal (after wilting) of the aerial parts of plants;
- hiding the roots;
- feeding onion perennials;
- care when weeding the ridges;
- regular watering in the dry season;
- Mandatory transplant after 3-5 years.
Withstanding these simple requirements, you will be able to decorate your site with wonderful plants that endure the winter frosts and the very first give beauty.