Beans contain many useful substances. Beans contain proteins, carbohydrates, sugars, vitamins and trace elements. It can be vegetable and grain. Vegetable beans use sash and grains for food beans, but only beans for corn beans, because sash contains coarse fiber. Unlike vegetables, grain beans can be stored for a long time without freezing.
Characteristic varieties of beans "Mavka"
Grade "Mavka" grain, designed for cultivation in regions with unstable rainfall. Easily tolerates short-term drought. The plant is resistant to damage by the weevil, defeat by bacteriosis, anthracnose. The variety is suitable for mechanized harvesting.
The plant is low, up to 60 cm long, has good foliage. The variety is indeterminate type, bush shape is upright. Mavka beans are highly resistant to lodging and shedding beans. The top of the bush curls a bit. Pods are yellowish, oval beans, white, with a weak marble pattern. Grain has a high taste properties, well boiled soft.
The variety is mid-season; the growing season is 105 days.Important! To get a high yield, you need a high cultivation agrotechnology. Any errors in care reduce the yield of finished products.
Rules of cultivation varieties of beans "Mavka"
Careful seed preparation is necessary before sowing. Seeds are pickled with a tank mixture that contains fungicides, pesticides, growth stimulants. Soaking is most often used, in some cases spraying of seeds is possible.
To get a good harvest, it is advisable to use crop rotation. The best precursors for growing leguminous plants are the following cultures:
Sowing is usually carried out in early May, when the threat of sprouting of shoots by returning frosts has passed. Sown in poorly heated soil, seeds and plants are often affected by various fungal and bacterial diseases. Shoots die at a temperature of -1 degrees. Depth of planting seeds - up to 7 cm.
The first shoots appear in 1-2 weeks, depending on the depth of planting. If necessary, carry out weeding and thinning rows. When young plants will have fourth true leaves, they carry out the first top-dressing with mineral substances. It is preferable to use complex fertilizers that contain all trace elements essential for the plant.
Legumes are demanding enough moisture, in the absence of precipitation watering is carried out every 7-10 days. The variety “Mavka” tolerates drought and waterlogging well, if they do not last long. But it must be borne in mind that all adverse factors slow down the development of plants and ultimately affect the yield.
During flowering and formation of ovaries, it is desirable to carry out mineral dressing and treat the plants with insecticides.
The most productive pods are lower. Are located no higher than 14 cm. Studies have shown that the height of the lower beans in a plant is only 30% dependent on the characteristics of the variety. The main influence on the height of the location have environmental factors.
Cleaning begins when the pod becomes dry, cracks easily. Be aware that the lower pods ripen earlier. During wet weather, beans that are not cleaned on time can be affected by various types of rot.
Use of fertilizers for Mavka bean variety
Gradually, even in the richest soil, the amount of nutrients decreases. To get a rich harvest, it is necessary to fertilize the soil on time. The number of trace elements necessary for the plant is calculated according to the description of the application rate for different types of fertilizers.
The plant is very responsive to the introduction into the soil of a sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizers. You can use natural sources of organic nutrients, such as manure. The best yield is obtained the next year after the introduction of organic matter. Of the chemicals it is desirable to choose those that do not contain sodium. Fertilizer is applied to the soil during autumn processing or during spring dressings.
Potassium and magnesium
Lack of potassium and magnesium slows down the development of plants, flowering stops and the formation of ovaries. Yellow and fall lower leaves. To avoid a deficiency of trace elements in plants, it is necessary to fertilize regularly. The first introduction is carried out after the appearance of the sprouts of the fourth true leaf. Repeat during flowering, the formation of pods, ripening beans.
The root system of beans can absorb phosphorus even from hard-to-reach compounds, therefore, phosphate rock can be used instead of superphosphate.
Growing beans is not very difficult. With very little effort, you can get a universal product - wholesome, tasty and satisfying.