Asparagus bean varieties are different from the rest of the tender pulp, juicy pod leaves without hard fibers and parchment partitions. Such solid sash need beans to protect the beans from mechanical damage and pest attacks. Specially selected asparagus varieties, on the contrary, have very delicate pods, for this quality they are valued by gastronomic gourmets all over the world.
Names and photos of the best asparagus bean varieties can be found in this article.
The best varieties of asparagus beans
Like the rest of the beans, asparagus varieties are divided into:
- bush (up to 60 cm);
- semi-adjustable (up to 150 cm);
- curly (up to 500 cm).
The method of growing these crops is about the same. The only difference is that tall asparagus must be tied to supports. But from one such bush, which takes up minimal space in the garden, you can get a good harvest.
Asparagus beans can be any breeding: domestic, Italian, American, French or Dutch. Today, an exotic subspecies of asparagus bean, the long-handled Vignu, whose homeland is considered to be Asia and India, is becoming increasingly common in Russian vegetable gardens.
Tip! In Vigna-type varieties, there is a longer growing season (about 80 days), this crop likes a warm climate, therefore in most regions of Russia it is better to grow it in greenhouses.
Beans of domestic breeding, which is considered early ripening - asparagus ripening occurs on the 55th to 65th day after planting seeds in open ground. Bushes of this variety are stunted, compact - about 40 cm high.
Mature pods reach a length of 15 cm, have an elongated rounded shape, slightly curved tip. The pod itself is fiberless, tender and juicy. Inside it is five white beans.
This asparagus bean can be grown in any region of Russia, and in Siberia, and in the suburbs of asparagus is well established and gives high yields. Shrubs are resistant to diseases, you can eat pods and beans.
Superearly variety of beans related to climbing species. The shrubs of this plant grow over one and a half meters. Such asparagus must be tied up with supports, so you have to take care of them in advance.
Harvested beans on the 50th day after the landing of the beans in the ground. The pods grow long, about 16 cm, painted in a bright green tint, smooth and smooth.
There are absolutely no hard partitions and fibers inside the pod, so “Blue Lake” asparagus is considered a dietary product, ideal for preparing low-calorie and healthy dishes.
Inside the pods are white beans of small size, they can also be eaten.
In order for the variety to bear fruit well, the bushes should be regularly watered and fed. Beans like light, so planting beans is necessary in sunny areas.
The shrub variety of asparagus beans, which has a short growing season - the maturation of asparagus occurs already on the 41-50th day after the first sprouts emerge from the ground. The plants are low, compact, about 40 cm in height.
Learn asparagus of this variety can be on the cylindrical pods, having a smooth bend and painted in bright yellow color. The length of the beans reaches 14-17 cm, has a delicate taste and a lot of vitamins in the composition.
One more early beans - asparagus of a grade of "Neringa" which begins to fructify by the 55th day after disembarkation of seeds to the soil. The fruits of this variety are long pods of small diameter, circular cross section. Their maximum length is 16 cm. The bolls are fleshy, juicy, without hard fibers and parchment taste.
Fruiting bean friendly - a bountiful harvest can be harvested all at once. Both the pods and the beans inside them are edible. The variety is suitable for cultivation in any region of the country, tolerates heat, low temperatures, rarely gets sick.
"Pencil Pod Black Wax"
Mid-season asparagus variety of Italian selection, fruit ripening occurs in 60-65 days after planting. Bushes are small, about 40 cm, are characterized by yield, endurance, compactness.
Ripe asparagus is colored light yellow. Pods are appreciated for excellent taste, suitability for long-term storage and transportation. The pods remain dense and juicy for a long time, their presentation does not spoil. The length of the asparagus is about 15 cm. Inside the pods are beans - glossy black beans.
The bushes of this asparagus variety are very compact. Beans ripen early - on the 50th day after planting it is already possible to collect the first pods. This asparagus is very fond of the French, especially appreciated the juiciness and crispness of the pods, the absence of fiber in their flaps.
It is quite possible to grow small bushes even on a balcony or a window - this will allow to feast on delicate asparagus all year round, even being in a city apartment, and not in a country plot.
The yield of the variety is very high, the pods are green, long (about 15 cm), cylindrical in shape.
Kentucky Blue Pole
Americans like this asparagus most of all because it is sweet and very juicy, besides it gives high yields. The ripening period of this bean is stretched to 65 days. Shrubs are considered tall, asparagus - climbing. The height of weaving lianas often exceeds 250 cm, these plants must be tied up or planted near fences, trees, arches.
The length of the pods reaches 20 cm, they have a green color. Distinctive features of beans - durability, unpretentiousness and high yield. In general, the characteristic of the American hybrid resembles the Russian variety "Blue Lake".
Spray asparagus, which is characterized by very sweet pods. The culture is considered early maturing - the period of the growing season is 55 days.
Bushes are powerful, upright, asparagus is tied up in clusters, which significantly increases the yield of beans. About 800 grams of asparagus can be harvested from each bush in this variety.
The taste of the pods is unusual - they are very sweet, so children love this bean most of all.
Mid-season beans belong to the group of asparagus called Vigna - the length of the pods reaches 50 cm. Moreover, the diameter of the pods does not exceed 1 cm, their flesh is tender and juicy.
The Fakir variety of beans is a climbing plant, the length of the vine can reach 300 cm. Therefore, the support is necessary for the cultivation of this variety of asparagus beans.
The variety belongs to the development of domestic breeders, so asparagus feels great in Russian cottages and vegetable gardens, rarely ill, gives high and stable yields.
Tip! Despite the description of Fakir beans, this asparagus in the open field is grown only in the south of the country. Whereas, in the north and in the middle part of Russia, it is better to plant Vignu in greenhouses.
One bush of climbing beans of the Vigna subspecies gives about five kilograms of crop. The pods with good care of plants can reach 55 cm, their diameter is small - only 1 cm.
A distinctive feature of asparagus is the tender and juicy flesh of the pods, the absence of rigid partitions and rind. Even this asparagus does not have a characteristic bean flavor.
The plant belongs to the early ripening - the beans ripen on the 60th day after planting.
Variety of asparagus from French breeders. Differs in long pods, tender flesh, and a pronounced fresh taste. In this bean there are no rigid shutters and partitions, it is easy and quick to prepare, contains a lot of useful substances.
The length of the pods reaches 20-30 cm, but not only asparagus is valued in this variety. The French also eat chocolate-colored beans that are inside the pods. Beans ripening late - the growing season is 75-80 days. Therefore, it is better to grow French beans in a greenhouse or in the gardens of the southern part of the country.
"Red Podded Asparagus"
Powerful climbing bushes of this variety are decorated with many long pods of purple hue - such beans will not go unnoticed, it will become a tourist attraction of the dacha.
The length of the pod can reach 80 cm, but experienced gardeners recommend eating asparagus, the length of which is about 0.5 meters - in this form the beans are more tender and juicy.
The classic asparagus of the Vogna subspecies, all varieties of which are distinguished by long pods. Climbing bushes can grow up to four meters in height, they must be tied up on solid supports.
The pods themselves are also gigantic - their maximum length is 80 cm. The culture is considered unpretentious, protected from diseases, very productive.
The growing season is 80 days, so Vigna refers to the late ripening asparagus. It is better to grow it in greenhouses, because the climate of most parts of Russia is characterized by short and cool summer - in these conditions the beans simply do not have time to ripen.
You can eat not only the pods, the beans inside them are also very tasty, with a slight nutty flavor. Haricot bean produces amazingly tasty dishes, fragrant and very healthy.
Rules for growing asparagus beans
All types of legumes are quite unpretentious, they do not need special care.
To grow good asparagus, you must follow a number of simple rules:
- Sow the seeds in a well-warmed land (above 12 degrees) or pre-grow seedlings.
- Beds with beans are located on the sunny side of the plot.
- The earth should be loose and nutritious. If the soil is very acidic, it is necessary to add ash or dolomite flour.
- Beds with planted beans do not water until green shoots appear.
- Preserve the bushes from strong sun, from the heat beans can reset the flowers.
- When the plants will be on four leaves, watering is stopped before the start of flowering beans.
- Over the entire growing season, asparagus must be fed twice.
- Rip off the pods on time, until they become tough and rough.
Bright photos of asparagus just insist on trying it. After all, this product is considered dietary - asparagus is very useful for both adults and children, it contains a whole range of vitamins and minerals.