Choosing between hybrid and varietal seeds, many prefer varietal. Someone is afraid of genetically modified products, someone wants to collect their seeds, someone prefers to work with plants tested in our conditions. One of the varieties will be discussed below.
"Nezhinsky" has long been known throughout the post-Soviet space. Despite the fact that every year new varieties, varieties and hybrids are developed, it has not lost its relevance.
Those who grow this variety of cucumbers on their plots, above all, appreciate its taste and versatility. It is successfully used in a variety of salads, as a separate dish. Salty and pickled cucumbers of the “Nezhinsky” variety always turn out to be crispy, of excellent taste. For canning they use variety greens, very rarely gherkins.
Lovers of the variety note the following benefits:
- Excellent taste of "Nezhinsky";
- Prolonged fruiting;
- Resistance to elevated temperatures and short-term drought;
- Good transportability;
- Universal use of the variety;
- The resistance of the “Nezhinsky” variety to the majority of viral and fungal diseases;
- Unpretentiousness of a grade in cultivation.
On the basis of the "Nezhinsky" variety, many new cucumber varieties have been developed. From the original, new varieties may differ in higher yields, resistance to adverse factors.
A variety of cucumbers "Nezhinsky" bee-pollinating, medium early. From germination to fruiting takes from 50 to 60 days. Scourge plants are long, can exceed 2 meters. The leaves of the variety are green, medium. Ovaries tuft type. The yield of the variety is high, it can reach 2 kg per square meter.
Fruits of Nezhinski cucumber variety have excellent taste, crispy, with a characteristic cucumber flavor. The shape of the fruit is elongated, ovate. Peel krupnobugorchataya dense. Thorns are black. Fruit weight does not exceed 100 grams.
Growing varieties - open ground, greenhouse.
To grow a cucumber "Nezhinsky" in two ways - through seedlings and by planting directly into the ground.Important! Seeds before planting must be treated with disinfectants. For these purposes, use of potassium permanganate, whey, acids, special preparations containing active bacteria.
Planting of seeds is carried out when the threat of return frost has passed, depending on the region, in April - May. The soil should warm up to 10 degrees. If the seeds are planted in poorly heated soil, they are often affected by various fungal diseases, the quality and number of seedlings is reduced. It is desirable to cover crops with agrofibre, which will prevent drying out of the soil, and protect the seedlings from overcooling.
Watering is carried out as necessary, but at least once a week. It is advisable to water crops with sprinkling - a jet of water can erode the holes with seeds. It is recommended to use drip irrigation of plants, this can significantly save time.
For the successful cultivation of vegetables, it is necessary to pay attention to the characteristics of the soil. In a heavy, clayey soil, the development of the root system is difficult.Tip! It is possible to improve the soil by applying organic fertilizers, for example, humus.
The first shoots of cucumbers appear in a week. After emergence of shoots, it is necessary to feed the plants. Most use foliar method of fertilizer. At the beginning of growth, plants need the following substances:
- Nitrogen - promotes plant growth;
- Magnesium is actively involved in photosynthesis, increases the immunity of plants;
- Phosphorus - helps build a powerful root system.
Spraying is carried out in windless, dry weather. Do not process plants during intense solar radiation.
Those who planted pumpkin, know that plant seedlings are often damaged by ants. They gnaw cotyledon leaves, have to repeat sowing. It is necessary to get rid of pests on your site.
Growing seedlings cucumber "Nezhinsky"
All varieties of pumpkin are very sensitive to root damage, recovery takes a long time. Therefore, it is recommended to plant the plants in separate containers, from which you can later get the seedlings without damaging the earthy bed. Many summer residents in reviews recommend using peat and coconut tablets for germination.Important! To get healthy seedlings, it is necessary to provide the plant with enough sunlight.
Lack of solar radiation has a detrimental effect on the plant. The seedlings are elongated, weak. After transplantation, the plant is restored for a very long time, postponing the terms of fruiting.
Growing seedlings "Nezhinsky" for 30 days, for this period the plant will need at least 0.5 liters of soil. Avoid abundant watering, in conditions of excessive moisture the roots do not have enough oxygen.
Before transplanting, it is advisable to place the plant for several days in conditions similar to those in which it is to grow. If the cucumber seedlings grew in the greenhouse, it is necessary to open the windows and doors, if possible, to carry the containers with the seedlings to the open air. It is advisable to allow plants to get used to low temperatures at night. Indoor-grown seedlings are hardened during the week.
After transplanting cucumber "Nezhinsky" it is desirable to pritenit. For these purposes, you can use a fine mesh, agrofibre.
Care of adult plants is a regular watering, loosening the soil and the timely collection of fruits. It is undesirable to leave overgrown fruits on a bush if they are not intended for collecting seeds. This weakens the plant.
A good harvest can only be obtained from a healthy plant. It is easier to take simple preventive measures than to conduct long-term treatment. Although the description of the Nezhinski cucumber variety guarantees resistance to most infectious diseases, it is better not to risk it.
In order to avoid the defeat of plants by fungal diseases, it is recommended not to allow the leaves to contact the ground. To do this, remove the lower leaves, whip tied up on the trellis or other supports. Rainwater often contains fungal spores that can easily infect a plant. It is advisable to spray the fungicides after prolonged precipitation.
Features of growing in a greenhouse
As a rule, bee-pollinated pumpkin varieties are not grown in greenhouse conditions due to the nature of pollination. However, various types of shelter are often used in order to prolong the fruiting of the plants. Many gardeners begin the cucumber growing season in March, planting seeds in the ground in the greenhouse. With the onset of steadily warm weather, the frames open, the plants grow all summer outdoors. With the onset of autumnal cold weather, the frames are returned to the site, extending the harvest for several weeks.
It is necessary to monitor the soil in the greenhouse - if crop rotation is not possible, the land for growing plants should be changed at least once every five years. Even if complex fertilizers are regularly introduced, the soil accumulates many harmful substances that complicate the cultivation of plants of the same species in the same place. In order not to change the soil, you can sow the greenhouse with sideratami for one season.
Get tasty, beautiful, as in the photo, the fruit is easy. Paying a little attention to the plants, you can get a great harvest for your family.