It would seem such a simple process - watering seedlings. But it's not at all easy, and this business has many of its rules and laws. Their observance will help grow strong seedlings and get a rich harvest. In addition, proper watering helps to avoid the disease of pepper seedlings.
Watering before planting
For the first time this is done before the laying of seeds. After it is impossible in any case. The soil will be washed away, some seeds will float, others, on the contrary, will go deeper. Lightly compacted soil is best to moisten in advance with a spray. Moisture must completely leak from the surface, otherwise you will have to dig in the dirt. The earth should not be stuck together and loose and wet.
There is a wonderful way to first water before planting with the help of snow. Melt water is very useful for all living things. Its cells have the correct ordered form. The benefits of melt water have long been proven, so why not use it to grow pepper seedlings. The container with the prepared soil is tamped with a layer of snow of about 2 cm, covered and put in a warm place. When the snow melts, check the degree of moisture. Too wet ground is left until the morning, and with an under-filled procedure, repeat.
Well-moistened ground at room temperature is ready, it's time to sow pepper seedlings.
Watering pepper seedlings is a delicate matter. A moisture-loving plant may die from excessive water flooding. There are three parameters for watering pepper seedlings:
- The amount of water depends on the capacity and age of the seedling itself. You can not fill so that over the edge flowed. Gradually and gently should moisten the ground. At the initial stage, a couple of teaspoons is enough. In a transparent dish you can clearly see where the moisture has reached, and in an opaque one you can slightly squeeze the walls. At the same time, you will feel either a soft and wet ground, or a dry lump. Over time, any person begins to understand how much water his pepper seedlings need.
- Time and frequency of watering. How often can you water the seedlings of pepper: every 3 days - until the leaves appear, then every day, and 2 weeks before planting 2-3 times a week. The main thing here - do not let the earth dry out, it should always be hydrated. Before the emergence of sprouts, the best method of watering will be the spraying of water from a spray bottle. Watering seedlings of pepper is carried out strictly in the morning. At night, watering pepper seedlings is simply dangerous. This is a direct path to black leg disease.
- Water quality Water from the tap is surely settled so that chlorine evaporates, the excess of which is very harmful to the plants. Water temperature for irrigation should be about 30 degrees. The seedlings of pepper are very fond of heat, cold moisture can lead to rotting of the roots.
Moisture on the green part of the plant can lead to fungal diseases.
There is one interesting technique for increasing the efficiency of watering. After each soil moistening, it is necessary to “salt” the soil surface with dry earth. You can call this micromulching. Moisture remains in the ground, does not form a dense crust on the surface, gentle roots of pepper seedlings are not exposed.
So different water
Water brings the plant not only food. Based on the place of its receipt, we can assume unpleasant content.
Oddly enough, the water from the well in most cases is not suitable for watering plants. The point is this: most wells collect water at the depth where limestone deposits are located below. Therefore, this water is quite hard. Watering seedlings of pepper from a well can lead to alkalization of the soil, which has a very negative effect on plant development.
Help in this case may add a small amount of ash. It will soften the water and at the same time saturate it with useful elements: potassium and phosphorus.
The main trouble of the aqueduct is that it contains a heavy amount of chlorine. It is added to disinfect water. That is, to destroy dangerous germs. It is worth considering here: a substance that kills living organisms can harm a living organism of a larger plant? The question is rhetorical.
Only one way out: to defend the water for watering pepper seedlings for at least several hours. Chlorine evaporates quickly from the liquid.
Tap water contains many substances dissolved in it, for example, calcium salts, the high content of which in the soil makes it difficult for the plant to absorb useful substances.
Exit: add ash. The content of calcium salts makes the water hard, and ash, as already mentioned, softens the water.
Another way to solve the problem is not softening, but adding acid to restore balance. It is enough to add a few grains of citric acid per liter of water for watering pepper seedlings.
Attention! Water from a hot water tap is more useful as it is specially softened. Useful only water without signs of rust.
Melt water acts on plants as a growth stimulator, so it will be a mistake not to use it for watering pepper seedlings. Thawed snow is suitable for this. You can not specifically drown it with heat, so all the useful properties disappear. Snow melts indoors in a natural way, then the resulting water can be slightly heated, for example, on a radiator.
When there is no snow, you can freeze the water in the freezer:
- Pour water into a plastic bottle, up to the hangers;
- Put in the freezer for 10-12 hours;
- Drain all that is not frozen (these are unnecessary impurities);
- Use ice melt for watering.
Watering seedlings of pepper melt water has a lot of positive feedback. Saplings grow healthier and stronger, according to testers.
Rainwater is almost the same as melt water. It is very soft, without heavy particles. Bringing this life-giving moisture into rusty old barrels is simply blasphemy. Destruction of all good. Therefore, the container must be clean, preferably non-metallic.
Using rainwater for watering pepper seedlings in industrial areas can be dangerous. All substances from the factory pipes are spread in the atmosphere for tens of kilometers, settling on rain clouds.
The use of boiled water for watering pepper seedlings is not recommended. During boiling a large amount of oxygen evaporates from the water. It impoverishes the use of water.
Oxygen is needed to plant roots.
Watering with benefit
This is how pepper seedlings are watered. Water can be flavored with beneficial substances, not to be confused with chemical fertilizers. Such solutions cannot completely replace clean water, but alternating with mineral dressings is very useful.
Scientists are still undecided on whether it is fertilizer or growth stimulant. Also generates discussion mechanism of their actions. One thing is clear: they bring undoubted benefits to plants.
Experimentally it was proved that the use of humates increases the resistance of seedlings in adverse conditions, increases the percentage of nutrient absorption and prevents the absorption of harmful compounds.
Humates are economical to use, as they are added to the water drip. Dosages are shown in the table annotations.
Water is artificially saturated with oxygen, driving air through it. Those who have an aquarium, know what it is about. This can be done just with the help of an aerator for the aquarium. Such water is more useful for seedlings of pepper than normal. According to reviews, plants really grow stronger and healthier.
For the best growth of weak seedlings of pepper seedlings, it is recommended to replace the infusion with infused tea leaves. It is very simple to prepare it: pour 300 liters of used leaf tea with 5 liters of water. Insist 4-5 days.
This liquid will successfully replace mineral fertilizer. There is no nitrogen in it, but a lot of potassium and phosphorus, very useful seedlings of pepper during the entire growth period, and especially during the flowering and fruit set. Such watering can be alternated with nitrogen nutrition. A half-liter jar of wood ash is soaked in a bucket of water (10 liters) overnight.
Ash for feeding pepper seedlings should be extracted by burning wood, without garbage. The advantage in the content of useful elements in the ash from burning deciduous wood.