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Feeding seedlings pepper folk remedies

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Pepper has long found its place in the garden of almost any country garden. The attitude towards him remains frivolous. Under the motto: “that has grown, it has grown,” they are not particularly concerned about it. The result - the quantity and quality of the crop suffers. Fruits do not ripen, do not gain the desired sweetness and aroma. Although the care of this crop is no more difficult to grow tomatoes. You just need to know the features and preferences of peppers. The most important condition for the growth of all living organisms is nutrition. Therefore, the most important event will be the study of information on the topic: how to feed pepper seedlings.

The first food - ground

The initial nutrient power gives the plant the land in which the seed is laid. For each garden crop preferred soil composition. Most of our vegetables are foreigners. This means that their ancestors grew under other conditions and on other soils. Therefore, the usual land from the garden will not be so useful for them as a special soil.

Specialized soil for seedlings of pepper can be bought, but you can prepare, focusing on the desired composition. Moreover, the soil on the shelves of the store does not always meet the requirements. There are different variations of the preparation of soil for seedlings of pepper:

  1. Peat, humus and vegetable land of the same volume. Plus a half-liter jar on a bucket of ash from burning wood. Superphosphate in the amount of 2 matchboxes.
  2. River sand, humus, vegetable soil, peat in equal proportion.
  3. The earth combined with sand and peat equally, poured nutrient composition from dissolved in a bucket of water, superphosphate, potassium sulfate (30 g) and urea (10 g).
  4. Garden land, turf, river sand and compost with the addition of ash, the ratio - a glass on a mixture bucket.
  5. On one part of the sand and compost into two parts of sod.
  6. Take equal parts of leaf humus, garden soil, diluted with a small amount of sand and vermiculite.
  7. Take three pieces of sawdust and river sand into three parts of ordinary land.
  8. Mix peat and humus of the same amount, fertilize with superphosphate and potassium sulphate.
  9. Mix earth, sand and humus in equal parts, fertilize with a small amount of ash.

The main aspect of the preparation of nutrient soil for seedlings of peppers is the achievement of a light porous structure and a balanced mineral composition.

The first feeding seedlings pepper

There is an opinion that feeding pepper seedlings should be started only after a dive. Others carry out the first dressing before picking. The seeds have already been planted in a carefully prepared nutritious soil and the first leaves have appeared. So, it's time to feed the seedlings first feeding. Give impetus to subsequent growth. To do this, a liter of water must be diluted with the following trace elements:

  • Any potash fertilizer 1 part;
  • Ammonium nitrate ½ part;
  • Superphosphate 3 parts.

All components of the ingredients must be carefully dissolved in warm water, a temperature of at least 20 degrees. Such a composition make light watering under the bushes seedlings of peppers. Before feeding in a few hours it is necessary to water the sprouts with clean water. This technique will allow the fertilizer to be evenly distributed in the soil and not to burn the delicate roots of the plant.

There are analogues among natural fertilizers. A good first feed for the growth of seedlings of pepper can be a mixture of nettle infusion with ash. However, the problem creeps in: in mid-latitudes during the initial growth of seedlings, nettle does not yet exist. There is a way out - to make fertilizer from dry grass:

  • To do this, 100 g of dried nettle sheet lay in a three-liter jar of water at room temperature;
  • The liquid should only reach the shoulders of the can;
  • Place the container with a solution to a warm place;
  • As soon as the fermentation process begins and an unpleasant smell goes, cover the can with plastic wrap, securing it with a rubber band on the neck of the can;
  • This infusion should be infused for 2 weeks. Twice a day, he is shaken up;
  • The finished solution has the smell of fresh manure.

Ready fertilizer for seedlings of peppers need to be diluted with water, a ratio of 1 to 2, and add 2 tbsp. l ash. Water as usual.

The process of preparing such a natural fertilizer is very long, but the resulting composition acts on the seedlings of pepper, as a growth promoter.

The finished composition can be stored for the entire season in an opaque pot in a cool place.

Important! Nettle starter seedlings for pepper must necessarily stand the allotted time, otherwise it can cause harm to the plant.

Second feeding

The second feeding of seedlings of pepper is carried out 2 weeks after the first. The difference of the second nutrient mixture from the first is that phosphorus and other macro and trace elements are added to the nitrogen-potassium composition. A wide range of such fertilizers can be found on the shelves of specialized stores:

  • Kemira Lux. For 10 liters of water you need 20 grams of fertilizer;
  • Crystal In the same proportions;
  • Compound fertilizer from superphosphate (70 gr.) And potash salt (30 gr.).

Purchased fertilizer for pepper seedlings can be replaced with a solution of ash, which contains phosphorus, potassium and other elements. Ash can be from burning wood, tops and plant residues, weeds. The best composition with a high content of phosphorus in the ash from burning hardwood.

Important! In the fire for fertilizer can not throw garbage, newsprint, polyethylene and plastic.

Substances from their combustion pollute the ground, have a negative effect on plants, are carcinogenic.

According to professionals, do not overdo it with nitrogen fertilizers. Otherwise, you can get a powerful green bush with a poor harvest. Therefore, if the soil for the pepper seedlings was prepared correctly, there is humus in its composition, then nitrogen from the second feeding will be superfluous.

The following additional feeding will be necessary only after the transplanting of pepper into the ground.

The method of preparation and application of the ash solution

100 grams of ash fall asleep in a bucket of water with a capacity of 10 liters, mix and insist for a day. The ash will not dissolve in water, but it will saturate it with useful microelements. Therefore, do not be upset, seeing all the ash in the sediment. Before use, you can once again mix and water the pepper seedlings.

Help weak plants

Weakened seedlings will help watering a special liquid. Prepare it from used tea brew. Only leaf tea is suitable. A glass of tea pour 3 liters of hot water. Infused 5 days. Used for watering.

Folk methods of feeding seedlings pepper

All the methods described below, although they are popular, because they are passed on from mouth to mouth, still have a scientific rationale. They contain the substances necessary for nutrition, therefore they are suitable for feeding seedlings of peppers.

Yeast Growth Stimulator

Yeast contains in its composition phosphorus and other useful elements, besides being a source of nitrogen. Yeast dressing nourishes not only the plant, but also microorganisms that inhabit the soil. These organisms are beneficial soil microflora. The disadvantage of such a fertilizer is that it eats up potassium, so after using it, it is useful to use potash fertilizers, or simply ashes. To prepare such a fertilizer to feed pepper seedlings is easy:

  1. Dry yeast - a tablespoon, pressed - 50 g to dissolve in 3 liters of warm (no higher than 38 degrees) water, add 2-3 tablespoons of sugar.
  2. Cooked composition insist throughout the day.
  3. Dilute 1 liter of fermented liquid obtained in a 10 liter bucket of water.
  4. Make dressing by watering.

This feeding is a stimulator of the growth of the plant itself, not of the fruit, so it is carried out before the start of flowering.

Tip! It is good to appoint an event for the second week after transplanting to the ground.

Green beer

The basis of this fertilizer often becomes nettle, but dandelion, wormwood, yarrow, tomato tops will do. It is better to prepare such an infusion somewhere aside, because it has a terribly unpleasant smell.

Cooking method:

  1. Type grass without seeds and lay on the bottom of the tank. The amount of grass should be such as to fill the barrel at 1/6 of the volume.
  2. Fill the container with warm water, almost reaching the top.
  3. To speed up the fermentation process, you can add a solution of humate. At 50 liters you need to take 5 tsp.
  4. Insist 5-7 days in a warm place.
  5. The finished liquid is diluted for watering with water. A 10-liter bucket needs a liter of green brew.

This is the best home feeding seedlings of pepper, so they use it once every 2 weeks throughout the season.

Onion happiness

From dry onion peel it turns out an excellent fertilizer for pepper seedlings with elements of protection against harmful microorganisms. Need 10 g of husk pour 3 liters of warm water and insist 3-5 days. You can replace this solution with water for watering seedlings. Onion peel contains many trace elements.

Banana peel

Potash fertilizers are, most importantly, than you need to fertilize the seedlings of pepper during the growth of the fruit. Potassium is always necessary, it is he who gives the fruit its fleshiness and sweetness. The peel of a banana, like the fruit itself, contains a large amount of this element. It is dried, crushed and added to water for irrigation. Insist fresh peel in water. Burn it to ashes. Just cut into small pieces and lay in the ground. This is a good analogue of potash fertilizer.

Power engineers

Energy fertilizers include potato broth. Starch, which is found in potatoes, gives pepper seedlings energy for growth and other processes. Similarly, acts sweet water: 2 tsp. in a glass of water.

Manure and bird droppings

Pepper seedlings react extremely negatively on nitrogen supplements in the form of manure infusions. Such a diet can lead to putrid diseases. If the use of these infusions is the only way of nitrogen fertilizing, then the use of bird droppings will be better than the manure. Preparation of fertilizer for seedlings of peppers from bird droppings:

  • 2 parts of bird droppings are diluted with one part of water;
  • Insist in a sealed container for 3 days;
  • For dressing diluted with water, 1 part to 10 parts of water.

The role of trace elements in dressings

The main participants of various fertilizers are potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. There are a lot of substances that take part in the life processes of pepper seedlings, but it is this trio that plays the main role.

Potassium

The main merit of this element is beauty, sweet taste, meatiness, health and size of fruits. Therefore, it is necessary to rest on potash fertilizers during fruiting. But it is necessary, starting with laying the ground for seedlings of pepper. The best source in addition to artificial fertilizers is wood ash.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is an active participant in all exchange and building processes of pepper seedlings. He himself is part of the green. Therefore, it is vital for health and resistance to adverse conditions. Again, in addition to artificial superphosphate, it is contained in large quantities in the ashes.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen from various compounds need seedlings of peppers as a growth vitamin. The presence of nitrogen helps to grow green mass of plants, increases yield. Nitrogen is quickly washed out and processed by microorganisms, so often it is not enough. Excess can make the fruit dangerous, due to the high content of nitrates. These fertilizers are needed every 2 weeks in small quantities. The sources are green brew, yeast infusion, bird droppings fertilizer.

Fertilization at a permanent place

When planting pepper seedlings in the wells lay fertilizer. I must say that fertilizers for seedlings of peppers are equally useful for eggplant seedlings.

Fertilizer tab options:

  1. 1 tbsp. humus can be mixed with soil and a handful of wood ash.
  2. Water the wells with a solution of mullein, or bird droppings.
  3. Stir with the ground 30 gr. superphosphate plus 15 gr. potassium chloride.

Planted in such a way the plants do not need feeding, at least 2 weeks.

Conclusion

For the entire period of growth of seedlings of pepper enough to hold 2 dressings. The first predominantly nitrogen content. Before or after picking depends on your desire. The only thing that should be 2-3 days before picking after feeding. Properly prepared soil does not require frequent and abundant fertilizing. The fattening of plants, when there is an abundance of green mass of the supermeasure, suggests that it is time to go on a diet of pure water.

The choice of fertilizer for seedlings of peppers from the proposed stores, or home mixes, depends entirely on the personal preferences of the grower.

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