These fascinating at first sight, cute creatures appeared in Russia not so long ago, only at the beginning of this century, but have already gained fairly wide popularity, especially in the circle of goat breeders. Perhaps, only the financial side of the issue interferes with the greater prevalence of the Anglo-Nubian breed of goats - the price for purebred Nubians is clearly overpriced and starts at 100-150 thousand rubles.
Therefore, these goats are often crossed with other, no less interesting breeds: Alpine and zaanentsami, and the result is also very highly productive animals, but at a lower price. Due to the fact that the present breeding breeding of dairy goat breeds is still poorly developed in Russia, such half-breeds are still in high demand and allow you to enjoy communication with the Anglo-Nubian breed for those who do not have enough money to buy purebred goats.
The English-Nubian breed of goats gained recognition as an English breed only in the 1960s. Before that, her story was very diverse. In the second half of the XIX century, many goats and goats were brought to England from India, the Eastern Mediterranean and North Africa. All of them were often called Oriental, although they had their origin from different places. There was an active interbreeding with local, sharp-eared old English goats, and special representatives began to appear with very long legs, a peculiar Roman nose and long ears hanging downwards.
Attention! In those days, any representative of the goat family, arriving from the south or east and possessing similar characteristics, became known as “Nubian”.
Nubia is the name of a large territory in North Africa. In 1893, the name of the Anglo-Nubian name was formally assigned to the mixture of goats with such characteristics. After 1910, the influx of new “bloods” from the southeast stopped, and there was some of its addition to goats from Switzerland for better acclimatization to the cool and rainy climate of England. At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed finally took shape in England and was exported to the USA. In America, she remarkably caught on and was even improved by local breeders. At least, the main specimens of the Anglo-Nubian breed came to Russia at the beginning of the XXI century already from the USA.
Breed description, main characteristics
Anglo-Nubian goats look rather unusual and differ from most dairy goats.
- They have a long and thin body characteristic of the milk type.
- The neck is also thin and long. The legs are long enough and always proportional to the body.
- The head is medium in size, the muzzle has a prominent convex profile (the so-called Roman nose).
- The tassels on the face are absent altogether, the eyes are particularly expressive, very lively, the shape of the eyes is almond-shaped.
- And, of course, the hallmark of the Anglo-Nubian breed of goats, according to which it can be distinguished from others at first glance, is wide and long ears, hanging even a few centimeters below the muzzle.
- The coat is smooth, short and glossy in various shades of brown, black and white, sometimes monophonic, sometimes spotted color.
- The udder tightly adheres to the body, of a rounded shape, rather large in size with well developed elongated nipples.
Animals of the Anglo-Nubian breed are very powerful, strong and at the same time graceful. The height at withers for goats is at least 76 cm, and for goats it is at least 82 cm. Adult goats weigh from 60 to 70 kg, the weight of goats is on average about 80 kg, but can go up to 100-120 kg.
The breed is meat and dairy, although in Russia it is not customary to keep goats for meat, especially such expensive ones as Anglo-Nubian.
Dairy Anglo-Nubian goats
Anglo-Nubian goat's milk is famous for its delicious creamy taste, because it has a fat content of 5 to 9%, as well as a high protein content. Thanks to these characteristics, it is from the milk of the Anglo-Nubian goats that the greatest yield of cheese and curd is obtained. Well, about the usefulness of goat milk, which only legends do not go. It is really closest in composition to breast milk of the mother, has anti-allergic properties and is ideal for baby food.Tip! Milk needs to be rapidly cooled immediately after milking. In this case, it does not lose its beneficial properties and can be stored in the refrigerator for more than a week without souring.
In addition, milk has no foreign smell or flavor. Interestingly, the quality characteristics of milk from the Anglo-Nubian goats do not change depending on the conditions of detention, but the amount of milk may decrease if the goat lacks any essential nutrients and vitamins.
An interesting feature is that the goats of the Anglo-Nubian breed do not have a characteristic odor; therefore, they can be kept in the same room with milch goats.
The average milk yield of a goat, an Anglo-Nubian breed, is about 3 liters per day. In the future, with each new lambing, milk yield increases and can reach 6-7 liters per day. But these figures are valid only if the goats are fully fed. The lactation period lasts on average about 300 days, but this does not mean that the goat milk yield remains the same throughout the entire period. The peak of milk yield usually falls on the next few months after lambing, in the future the amount of milk decreases and by the start-up period (when the goat is not milking) the milk yield can be reduced by half, or even threefold.
Okotat theoretically can occur twice a year, but this adversely affects the health of the goat, so usually goats produce offspring once a year, kids can be from two to five.
Initially, the Anglo-Nubian goats were known for sufficient capriciousness in the content. This applied, above all, to the organization of a warm wintering at a temperature not lower than + 16 ° C. But according to the breeders, the goats after one or two generations are well adapted to the usual Russian conditions. True, a relatively warm room in winter, and, most importantly, with moderate humidity and without drafts, they still need it.
Otherwise, the Anglo-Nubian goats are not picky about the conditions of detention. Walking is necessary for them in any weather, except for frank bad weather, like frost below -15 ° C, stormy wind or heavy rain. The stall must be equipped with special raised sun loungers for resting goats, and a layer of straw or sawdust is desirable on the floor.
Despite the importance of feeding in the care of the Anglo-Nubian goats, there is nothing difficult in harvesting the feeds themselves and half of them can be procured on your own if you live in a rural area.
So, in the summer, the main food for the Anglo-Nubian goats is grass and branches, growing in the place of grazing bushes and trees. In the evening, additional feeding is possible from 0.5 to 3 kg of grain or concentrates during active lactation. Cereals are desirable to give in the form of milled for better absorption. Very valuable to goat bran, which is usually brewed with some milky herbs, such as flax seed, dill, fennel and others. During the distribution period, it is obligatory to give soybean and sunflower cake and meal in steamed form, but their total share in the cereal feed should not exceed 30%.
In winter, the main feed for goats is hay, which must be stored at the rate of about 5 kg per goat per day. Straw is also happy to be eaten by goats, but in smaller quantities.
An important component of the goat diet are a variety of vegetables that are easy to grow on your own plot. This, above all, a variety of pumpkins and zucchini, also goats with great pleasure eat fodder beet, carrots and cabbage. Potatoes can be given in small quantities and better in boiled form. And of course, goats adore fruits - especially apples, pears, plums, etc.
Many kozovodami overlooked such valuable food as brooms from a variety of trees and shrubs (especially valuable willow), especially since they can be harvested throughout the summer on their own. Brooms from nettle are the winter treasure of vitamins, especially for kids. You can also collect autumn bags of fallen leaves from the trees and gradually feed them to the goats.
Supplements in the form of chalk and salt are also needed, you can use ready-made vitamin-mineral mixtures.
The approximate norms of the average daily feeding of goats with cereals or concentrates are as follows:
For the lactation period - 250-300 g per liter of milk given.
For the period of start and end of lactation - 300 -500 g per goat per day.
Thus, there is nothing particularly difficult to care for the Anglo-Nubian goats, and if it were not for the high price, many farmers would be happy to breed these cute and unusual animals.