Not all gardeners are interested in the yield of potatoes, for many of them, especially for summer residents, the ripening time is more important. After all, the most favorite summer dish of many Russians is boiled young potatoes.
Photos and reviews of early varieties of potatoes will help you choose the appropriate variety of this root. The article will present the classification of early varieties of potatoes, their characteristics, photos and descriptions.
What is the peculiarity of early ripe potatoes
Potatoes of early varieties are most in demand among gardeners for several reasons. First of all, it is, of course, an opportunity to eat young potatoes in early summer.
But besides this quality, early potatoes have several advantages:
- You will not have to take care of the bushes for a long time - it is enough to water the early ripe potatoes two or three times per season and, if necessary, treat them with insecticides;
- due to the short vegetative period, early ripe potato varieties do not catch the peak blight - one of the most dangerous diseases of the nightshade family;
- you can grow two harvests in one season, and in the southern regions skilled gardeners manage to harvest potatoes three times in one summer from their plots;
- modern varieties of early ripe potatoes are not inferior to the rest of the taste characteristics and yield.
In terms of growing season, all early potato varieties are divided into several types:
- Ultra early varieties of potatoes have time to give the harvest in just 45-60 days after the first shoots.
- Early potatoes ripen within 60-70 days.
- Middle-early potato varieties ripen 7-10 days later - tubers can be harvested 70-80 days after the first shoots appeared on the beds.
Varieties with later maturity dates are middle and late ripening. This potato is planted for the purpose of sale or long-term storage. While the early varieties are mainly used and sold in the "young" form, while the tubers are covered with thin skin, and the flesh is tender and fragrant.
How to choose a variety of early potatoes
When choosing early or super early varieties of potatoes for their plots, gardeners should be aware that any variety of root vegetables imposes its “requirements”:
- to the climatic features of the region;
- to the composition of the soil;
- to the treatment of fertilizers and other special means;
- to the frequency of watering and the frequency of care.
Therefore, when choosing a potato variety, you need to take into account several factors at once and analyze your own needs and capabilities. Do not recklessly buy the "most productive" or "most delicious" potatoes, not knowing about the needs and characteristics of a particular variety.
Ultra-early potato cultivar, roots ripen in just 45 days after the first shoots appeared. The average yield is 1.5 kg per square meter of vegetable garden, but with good care and sufficient watering this figure can be increased to 4.5 kg.
Root crops of an oval form, are painted in pink color, have snow-white pulp. Potatoes are great for making mashed potatoes, it is also good to fry or add to soups and borscht. The percentage of starch is average - about 15-17%. The average fruit weight is 130 grams. The appearance of high-quality root vegetables, potatoes can be stored for a long time, has a pleasant taste.
Plants are protected from most viral diseases, are not dangerous for the variety "Alena" and fungal pathogens.
Another ultra-early potato variety, the growing season of which is only 45 days. Due to this, the roots do not have time to catch the peak of late blight development, they rarely get sick, the variety gives consistently high yields.
Growing "Ariel" is obtained twice per season, which is good news for those farmers who plant potatoes for sale.
Potatoes are colored yellow, the flesh is also yellowish. The shape of tubers is oblong. Tastes are high, root crops do not darken after cutting and cleaning, mashed potatoes turn out homogeneous, without dark impregnations.
Despite the early ripening period, the variety is suitable for long-term storage.
Potatoes of this variety are considered super early - with the right approach, it is possible to grow the crop for 35 days. Bushes are low, bloom red-purple buds.
Potatoes have an oval shape, the rind and the flesh of the root vegetables are yellowish. Tubers have an excellent presentation, can be stored and transported. For commercial purposes, this variety can be grown two or even three times per season.
Dutch breeding potatoes are protected from most viral diseases, but they do not tolerate blight. Therefore, the bushes should be regularly inspected to prevent infection of the tubers with fungus.
The taste of potatoes is excellent, the starch content is average.
The brainchild of Finnish breeders gives a low or medium bush, decorated with purple-blue inflorescences. The average weight of the root - 90 grams. Potatoes are round or oval, have a little "drowned" eyes, painted yellow. The rind is smooth, the flesh is also yellow.
Potatoes are not boiled soft, it has good taste and aroma. Up to nine potatoes ripen in each bush. To eat young potatoes, the tubers can be dug in 40 days after emergence.
Plants do not like low temperatures, do not tolerate frost. This potato is resistant to many diseases, but it can be damaged by scab or phytophthora. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the level of soil acidity at the site, and also not to re-moisten the soil with too frequent and abundant irrigation.
Variety developed by German breeders. Bushes of potato are of medium height, blooming with white buds. Root crops have an elongated shape, painted yellow, have a minimum number of eyes.
The starch content is low - about 11%. The average potato weight is about 80 grams. Full maturity occurs 60-70 days after germination. The crop is spiced together, the taste qualities of tubers are high.
In each hole you can find up to 25 potatoes, which ensures high yield varieties. Among other advantages, the variety "Karatop" boasts increased resistance to late blight.
German potato universal purpose with early ripening. Harvest can be harvested 50 days after the tubers have sprouted, and the first green shoots have appeared on the beds. Semi-sprawling, undersized bushes of potatoes bloom in red-purple buds.
The roots are oblong, the peel has a red tint, and the flesh is yellow. Little eyes on the tubers. After cooking, the potatoes do not boil soft and do not become dark, the taste is quite pleasant. Root vegetables can be stored for a long time.
14-16 tubers ripen in each well, the average weight of each is 90 grams. Variety perfectly tolerates cooling, short-term frost or too wet soil. The plant is protected from most of the diseases inherent in potatoes.
This variety is suitable for long-term cultivation - the seeds of potatoes can not be changed within 4-5 years. Such stability will not affect the yield of root crops.
Very tasty early ripe potatoes of the German selection. Tubers ripen by the 45th day after germination. The bushes are rather tall, powerful, blooming with red-violet inflorescences.
Root crops have a rounded shape, their distinctive feature is a large mass. There are cases when the Bellarozy tubers reached 800 grams. Of course, this exception, as a rule, the mass of potatoes does not exceed 200 grams.
In each bush, up to ten root crops ripen at the same time, which, with such a mass, provides the crop with a stable yield. The potatoes themselves are flat, have a marketable appearance, are colored pink, have beige flesh. Potatoes are well boiled soft and are considered very tasty.
Domestic variety, belonging to the group of early maturing - potatoes ripen about 50 days after germination. Shrubs can be recognized by tall growth and leveled form, they bloom in blue inflorescences.
The roots themselves are white. Their shape is slightly oblate, oval. Tubers with small eyes and soft cream flesh. About 10-12 potatoes ripen in one bush.
The potato is very tasty, well boiled soft, contains a large amount of starch. The plant is protected from many diseases, including scab and late blight.
One of the most favorite varieties of early ripe potato by Russian gardeners and gardeners. Bushes of this potato are tall, erect, bloom in white. Root crops are oval, their peel is yellow, the flesh is creamy, and the eyes are small.
Potatoes are quite large - the average weight is 120 grams. The variety is valued for early ripening, resistance to viruses and diseases, high yields, unpretentiousness, as well as excellent taste.
This potato can be stored in the winter, it is sufficiently lying, well preserved.
Review of potato varieties "Impala"Valeria, 45 years old, the city of Novosibirsk. We've been growing Impala potatoes for several years now. During this time, we did not find any flaws in this variety - some advantages! Potatoes can be grown absolutely on any soils, the main requirement is that they are loose and sufficiently saturated with fertilizers. In our family, they practice harvesting potatoes twice per season, and for these purposes Impala fits perfectly. We noticed that it is most effective to dig out the first crop in cloudy cool weather, immediately picking up the tubers from the bushes and planting them in the same holes. There is no need to talk about the taste of potatoes - many people know that these are wonderful potatoes, suitable for cooking any dishes. Big plus varieties - roots can be stored in winter, they are quite capable of reaching the very spring. This allows you to use your own seed in the new season. But in no case should you plant potatoes in the same place where they grew last year. All the plants of the nightshade family are considered to be bad “neighbors” for him.
The early ripe potato of the Dutch selection - ripens on the 80th day after emergence of the first shoots. Erect plants, tall bushes. Tubers are oval, their skin is dense, painted in pink color, there are few eyes. Pulp of cream-colored root vegetables.
This potato is considered universal: it is used for a variety of culinary needs. Tubers, indeed, tasty and fragrant. The percentage of starch in root vegetables is 12. The average weight of potatoes is 70-80 grams.
It is believed that the variety "Romano" unpretentious to the composition and type of soil, can tolerate drought, gives stable yields, is protected from many diseases and viruses.
How to grow early ripe potatoes in Russia
To plant ultra early varieties of potatoes is necessary in the heated soil. By the time of planting, the soil should warm up to at least six degrees. Experienced gardeners recommend pre-sprouting potato seeds in order to accelerate the ripening of tubers and shorten the growing season.
Sprout early potatoes in this way:
- pick seed and take potatoes the size of a chicken egg (their average weight should be 70-80 grams);
- mixed sawdust with peat in equal proportions and poured into wooden boxes with a thin layer;
- the substrate prepared for germination must be watered with any complex fertilizer diluted in water;
- Potatoes are laid close to each other and slightly buried in a mixture of sawdust and peat. It is impossible to completely bury the tubers, this will lead to the stretching of the sprouts due to lack of sunlight;
- on hot and sunny days, the substrate in the boxes should be irrigated with warm, settled water;
- the temperature in the room with landings should be maintained at 10-15 degrees;
- on the 25-30th day after planting the seeds, the plants, together with a lump of substrate, are transferred to a permanent place.
In central Russia, as a rule, potatoes are planted in early to mid-April, when the earth warms up sufficiently and the danger of severe frosts disappears.
Tip! To determine the optimal time for planting potatoes will help ordinary birch. When the leaves of the tree will be the size of a metal penny, you can start planting.
Choose early potatoes help photos and descriptions of different varieties of this vegetable. A method of growing root crops with early ripening is practically no different from the usual: the bushes need to be watered abundantly and several times per season to make organic fertilizer.