If a rose is considered the queen of garden flowers, then gladiolus is, if not the king, then at least the duke. Today we know a huge number of varieties of this royal plant, ranging from the snow-white and ending with a velvety dark almost black shade. If properly planted gladioli and carefully care for them, they will become a real decoration of the garden plot. Today's article is devoted to the peculiarities of the preparation of gladioli in the conditions of the Urals.
Preparation of plants for planting begins in the autumn, when digging up corms from the soil. Store corms of gladioli in the cellar. Gladiolus belongs to the category of perennial plants, but in severe Ural conditions it is grown according to the same algorithm as annual garden flowers. The main condition for successful planting and further cultivation of gladioli is properly organized storage of material for planting.
Approximately 3 weeks before planting corms are reviewed and sorted. To facilitate the germination process, it is necessary to clean the bulb from scales. Tubers with visible signs of the disease should be immediately rejected. If the diameter of the tuber exceeds 8 cm, it should be cut, not touching the sprouts. This manipulation contributes to the rejuvenation of planting material, since old tubers are prone to degeneration. If you use the purchased bulbs, then pay attention to the size of the bottom. The smaller the bottom, the younger the planting material.
In addition to the rejuvenation procedure, it is necessary to clean the mother tuber from "babies". Separate the "kids" need to be very careful not to damage the tuber.
How to germinate tubers
A month before planting, the tubers are peeled from scales and spread in a single layer in boxes. They are placed on the windowsill. A well-lit, dry place makes it possible to produce good sprouts without roots. Germinate mostly intact tubers. If the lesions are small, they are cut, and the sections are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or brilliant green. The vernalized plants begin to bloom earlier in two weeks.
To reduce the risk of disease, it is necessary to treat corms with chemical compounds.
- Solutions fufanona or decis - from diseases such as thrips or whitefly. The duration of etching is 30 minutes.
- Soaking in a 0.7% solution of potassium permanganate or in the basement - from bacterial and fungal lesions. The duration of soaking is 20 minutes - half an hour.
How to choose a landing site
Planting and caring for gladiolus in the Urals requires skill and patience. Gladiolus is beautiful, but rather capricious. To luxurious stems pleased you with its beauty, you have to work hard. Gladiolus is a complex culture that requires careful maintenance. The first step is to choose the right place for planting tubers. Plants love fertile, well-loosened soil and good lighting. If you plant the bulbs in a shaded place, the plant will bloom 1.5-2 weeks later, and sometimes does not bloom at all.
It is necessary that the area where the plants are planted is well ventilated, otherwise they may get sick. Yes, and planting material with the wrong choice of landing site will turn out to be unsatisfactory. At the same time, strong wind gusts should not be tolerated. A strong wind depresses the plant. In addition, it can cause the breaking off of flower stalks.
The best varieties of soil for gladioli are:
If we deal with clay soils, then they should be planted to a lesser depth. You can not use the same area under the gladiolus two years in a row. It will be possible to return back to the same site in no less than four years. Gladiolus should not be planted where asters or phloxes were planted, as these plants have approximately the same list of diseases.Tip! Strawberries, garlic or onions are suitable as precursors.
When digging in the autumn, the area intended for the planting of gladioli, you need to make mineral fertilizers. The number of them, per square meter, is as follows.
- Superphosphate - 50 g.
- Potassium sulphate - 20-30 g.
In addition, humus is used to fertilize the soil. Fertilizers are applied in the spring in the same amount.
The distance between plants when planting is 15-20 cm, between rows - 30 cm. The depth of planting is.
- For large tubers - 8-12 cm.
- For heavy soils - 6-10 cm.
- For light soils - up to 15 cm.
It is important to determine the time of planting in the ground. The optimum depth of landing is 20 cm. In this case, the temperature should be from 8 to 10 degrees. The landing time is from mid-April to early May. Even if there are frosts, they can not harm the planted bulb. The landing procedure is as follows:
- Planted tubers in the sand.
- They crush them with wood ash.
- Again the sandy layer.
- The resulting "sandwich" shed weak, slightly heated solution of potassium permanganate.
- Soil layer
This creates more favorable conditions for the growth of gladioli even in the conditions of the heaviest soils. In addition, it is very easy to remove planting material in the fall.
Peculiarities of care
Caring for plants planted in the soil, the following:
- Requires regular watering. For flowering plants practiced enhanced watering. If you deprive a flowering plant of water, the flower stalks simply fade, and not pleased with the riot of colors.
- Loosening the soil about 1 time in 10 days and earthing up of plants.
- Plant nutrition. In a month nitrogen fertilizers are applied, per 1 m.2 30 g, then another superphosphate with potassium sulfate (25 and 10 g, respectively). Feeding is stopped in mid-August.
- Regular weeding.
- Timely removal of dried flowers, so that they do not pull nutrients to themselves.
- So that weeds do not grow so intensively, soil mulching helps.
- Tying to a support or hilling to a height of 10 cm. Particular attention should be paid to peduncles that deviated from the vertical after the rain. Moisture-saturated stem breaks easily.
- If you cut flowers for a bouquet, you must leave at least four leaves for the tubers to develop normally.
- Timely culling of plants with visible signs of disease.
In general, there is enough care. As befits a self-respecting crowned person, the gladiolus is capricious, whimsical, and simply adores that he should be naked, holili and cherished. Involuntarily the question arises: do you need it? To take care of the plants almost all year round only to mercilessly cut, at least by September 1? The answer is yes.
- First, without gladioli at the site is boring.
- Secondly, planting these flowers and caring for them is not easy, but it is incredibly interesting.
- Thirdly, if you do everything according to the rules, the result will be simply stunning.
The best varieties for growing in the conditions of the Urals
Ural is characterized by harsh winters and cool wet summers. Unfortunately, not all varieties can tolerate the conditions of a sharply continental climate. Consider the varieties that are best suited for the Urals.
Unusually beautiful variety with flowers rich bright red color. The flowers are large, have a triangular shape. The height of the plant reaches 120 cm. The inflorescence is 50 cm long. The diameter of the blooming flower is 12-14 cm. The leaves are long, thin, pointed. Peduncles are resistant, but when strong winds are recommended to bind the plants to the supports.
If the summer is dry, the variety requires intensive watering. Tubers are planted in the prepared soil in April. The depth of planting 10-15 cm. To extend the time of flowering of gladioli, it is recommended to plant the plants in stages, with an interval of 14 days.
After digging, the tubers are dried in a room for several days and then transferred to the basement, where they are stored until spring. It is important that the storage space for planting material is cool, but does not freeze.
Cold-resistant plant with unusually beautiful, pinkish flowers. The cultivation and care conditions for these gladioli are the same as for the Oscar variety.
A magnificent plant with ruby red flowers like a good wine. The diameter of the blooming flower is 15 cm. The height of the plant is 100 cm.
Perennial undersized plant whose height is 40-70 cm. The flowers of gladiolus bluish-purple hue. Used not only as a garden, but also as a medicinal plant. Infusion is used in allergic reactions, kidney stones, as well as wound healing and vitamin remedies.
Low-growing plant with a stem height of 45-60 cm. The width of flowers is 5-6 cm. The flowers have a purple or raspberry shade, with a white stripe in the center. Gladiolus "Byzantine" refers to winter-hardy varieties. Plants are quite unpretentious, grow on a variety of domestic soil, but most of all they like sandy loam with organic fertilizer. When planting in clay soil in the hole you need to add sand.
The height of the plant is about 90 cm. The length of the inflorescence is 54 cm, with 14 large flowers of light cherry color with a yellow stripe. The blooming of these gladioli is September.
As you can see, even in the conditions of a difficult Ural climate, these regal flowers can be grown on the site. You just need to try.