Multi-colored volumetric bushes of petunias have already won the hearts of many experienced and beginner flower growers and gardeners. The period of their flowering is the middle of spring and before the first frosts. They decorate the dacha plots, flower beds, balconies, verandas, restaurants and cafes. This flowering plant is not whimsical. However, one of the most important agrotechnical issues deserves attention, since the development and abundance of petunia blooming depends on it. In this article, you will learn how to pinch a petunia.
It will be about why you need to perform pinching petunias. You will also learn how this process is carried out and what important points you need to observe in order for the petunia to be stitched successfully. Additionally, the question of how to multiply petunia by cuttings will be considered. In addition, your attention will be given a thematic video.
What is the use of pinching
Petunia bloom, begins 3 months after germination. The growth of the plant is directed upwards - to heat and light.A warning! If the petunia does not respond to pinching, then its stems will grow until it is overloaded from overload.
In view of this, pinning or shortening of the apex of the main stem is applied.
By cutting the center stem, a new growth point begins to form, so the petunia grows apart. This contributes to an increase in the number of branches, and accordingly the buds. Pinching petunias contributes to the development of a more lush and beautiful bush. In addition, this event improves the quality of flowering.Important! After pruning, petunia spends all its strength on the growth of green mass, so the development of buds for a few days stops.
However, lateral shoots later form new, larger buds.
To petunia bush turned volumetric and beautiful, it must be tweaked several times. And this should be done at the seedling stage. You can start the first pinning after the appearance of the first five true leaves.
It is better to do this after landing in open ground. However, if the plant is in the room for a long time, due to the lingering spring cold, then pinching should be done after the appearance of five mature leaves. Otherwise, the petunia will grow, and you will not be able to form compact bushes.
Pinching and pinching. What is the difference
Pinning is the removal of the growing point, which is carried out at the stage of growing seedlings. So, already at an early stage of development, a compact bush is obtained with side shoots, on which beautiful flower buds are formed.
Pinging is done with a sharp garden knife or nail scissors. Such an event should be done very carefully. Beginners in this business usually implement the formation of an adult plant by pinching.Comment! Hybrids and elite varieties of petunias usually do not require nipping. Such an event is needed, rather, for amateur varieties. However, in violation of the temperature and lack of light, any kind of petunia will stretch upwards. In this case, it is necessary to carry out pinning both on the cheap and on the elite variety.
Pinching, unlike pinching, is done on an adult plant. Such a technique allows breeding the variety with cuttings.
One month after the first pinching, the side shoots are shortened, which contributes to their branching. All subsequent trimming is done for decorative purposes and is not mandatory.
For the formation process to go smoothly, it is important to observe some formalities. So, you should prepare in advance the entire inventory.
To carry out this manipulation the gardener will need:
- Manicure scissors for pinching
- Garden knife or pruner for pinching.
- Strengthened seedlings with five large leaves.
- Capacity for collecting shanks.
It can be concluded that pinching is as important a process as sowing seeds and picking seedlings. Therefore, you should not be taken lightly to this stage of petunia care.
You have already learned a lot about how to pinch petunia correctly, however, we suggest you familiarize yourself with some more rules that will help you succeed in growing this flowering plant.
- Overgrown seedlings are not suitable for pinning. Therefore, carefully follow the seedlings.
- The pinning process does not last long. The top should be cut so that at least five leaves are left.
- If the petunia is transplanted into the open ground, then it is pinched about three days after transplantation. So, petunia will have time to take root and pinching will not lead to her death.
- For cutting shoots, use a sterile instrument.
- The cut must be done in such a way that the sprout is minimally damaged.
- In order for the buds to be larger, petunias need to be additionally fed to the plant with special fertilizers.
Petunia breed reproduction
Carefully cut the tops of the shoots of petunias, can be used as cuttings for plant reproduction. To do this, the cuttings are placed in water and when roots appear on them, this indicates that it is their time to plant in the ground. In this case, the lower part of the stem should be cleaned from the leaves, leaving a few on top. Planting cuttings performed fairly tightly. In order for the shoots to take root, they need to be watered and sprayed, and also fed with fertilizers. Some gardeners use growth promoters.
After the cuttings get stronger and grow, they should also be pinned. Elite and expensive varieties are more capricious, they can suffer from temperature and moisture differences, as well as wind and rain.
If you follow these rules for the care of petunia, you can grow beautiful bushes of this flowering plant, which will be no worse than the photos in this article. In addition, we invite you to view a thematic video that will complement the baggage of your knowledge: