Rose has long become an indispensable element of the decor of each garden. Even the most captious and capricious lover of flowers will find in the variety of cultivars what he likes. This is not surprising, because today there are, according to various sources, from 25 to 50 thousand varieties and hybrids. Perhaps no other flower is so varied. What unites the roses is that they are all perennial plants, they bloom beautifully and long, with proper care they can remain on the site for more than two decades. And their phytoncides have a beneficial effect on the physical and mental health of a person.
Roses are babies, the size of which does not exceed 20 cm, and the flower - 1.5 cm, and can have shoots in length reaching 6 meters, the diameter of the flower is 18 cm in some varieties. They can be grown in the form of a bush or stem tree from 30 up to 150 cm tall, ground cover or climbing plant. Today, our heroine will be a climbing rose, the popularity of which then fades out, then flashes with a new force. To date, so many beautiful new varieties have been created that it is worth getting to know it better even for those who have not shown interest in this variety before. We will present to your attention the best varieties of climbing roses with photos.
Climbing roses and their use
Climbing roses are garden varieties and some species of wild rose with long, flexible shoots. That is what determines the area of their application in landscape design. In nature, there are no types of roses that twist around a support like lianas, but a person can be tied up with a garter or a location in the immediate vicinity of the supports to give them a vertical position.
Vertical gardening is the area where climbing roses can show their beauty in full. They are planted at the pergolas, arbors, support-arches or special grilles, with the help of trimmings and garters direct the lash in the right direction. Thus, truly magnificent blooming small architectural forms are formed, designed to decorate our site, often carrying utilitarian functions. With a wall of blooming roses, we can well protect a gazebo or a resting place from the wind, cover up unsightly outbuildings, which in a small area cannot simply be taken away from the living area. With the help of trellis, pergolas, flowering arches, we can even visually enlarge a small area, and a large one into zones.
Many varieties of climbing roses will look great as a tapeworm (single focal plant) if properly shaped around a support in the form of a flowering column or a sprawling, high weeping bush. They serve as a fertile material for creating standard roses.
Now it is almost impossible to trace the varieties of climbing roses to their wild relatives. This is not surprising, because every modern variety is the result of many years of crossing both between species and within them. In addition, the first cultivars appeared long before our era, many intermediate links are simply lost and now they do not exist in nature. But scientists have identified several species of wild rose hips, which allegedly once served as the source material for modern climbing roses. We will give their short description, we will offer to see the photo. Probably, they will make an impression, and together with cultivated varieties a wild-growing species will settle on your plot.
It is a shrub with long, up to 5 meters hanging down curving shoots. This dogrose blooms almost continuously with honey-smelling white flowers with a diameter of 4-5 cm. It will perfectly fit into a large area in the middle lane.
According to the morphological description, this dog rose is very similar to the previous species, but less winter-hardy.
This wonderful shrub with shoots up to 7 meters in length came to Europe from East Asia, where it immediately created a sensation. Its small, 1.5-2.0 cm in diameter, pink or white flowers are collected in pyramidal inflorescences and almost odorless, but the bush looks very decorative, look at the photo. Multiflora can very easily interbreed with other members of the genus Rosehip, it gave rise to many varieties and hybrids.
Passion Rose (Arvenzis)
This dog rose is common in southern Europe. It has a high decorative effect, its long creeping shoots are completely covered with small flowers resembling jasmine. In autumn, the bushes are decorated with numerous small bright red berries.
This evergreen dog rose is from Southeast Asia, and is suitable for cultivation only in the southern regions. Its shoots reach a length of 10 m, and small white or cream flowers are gathered in shields and have a pleasant smell.
This East Asian dog rose with weakly leafy flexible shoots up to 5 m long has poor winter hardiness and was very much loved in the USA.
Vichura dog is crossed with other species almost as easily as Multiflora. It is a semi-evergreen shrub with very fast lying or creeping stems. Their whips in length reach 5 meters and are covered with fragrant white flowers with a diameter of 5 cm, gathered in brushes of 3-10 pieces.
Steppe Rose or Prairie Rose
A resident of North America is able to form dense thickets and blooms large for wild rose, about 5-6 cm in diameter, with dark pink flowers in brush clusters.Comment! In the creation of climbing roses took part and other types of wild rose, but we briefly described only those that are used most often.
For climbing garden roses are two groups that differ in appearance, use in landscape design and care requirements.
Small flowers climbing roses
This group includes flowers with flexible arcuate rising or creeping shoots up to 5 m long. They necessarily need support. Simple or double flowers are small, fragrant, 2-3 cm in diameter, usually collected in a brush. Flowering occurs on last year's shoots. It is single, but abundant and long lasting. Plants in this group have good winter hardiness, but as they move northward they need more and more serious shelter.
Large-flowered climbing roses
Unlike the previous one, this group has more powerful stems about 2 m long. High and sprawling varieties require support, and varieties with powerful erect stems can easily do without it. These plants are large, gathered in a brush flowers with a diameter greater than 4 cm. New cultivars belonging to this group are very successful. They are quite winter-hardy, besides they bloom on the shoots of this year, therefore, the flowering will not suffer with some freezing of the stems.
Systematics of climbing roses
Modern official systematization of climbing roses is only being formed, since some time ago these varieties lost their popularity and were slightly forgotten about them. Now the fashion for them is experiencing a take off unprecedented since the second half of the last century. It is caused by the emergence of fundamentally new, very beautiful, often re-flowering varieties and hybrids.
Ramblera - this is actually the heirs of small-flowered climbing roses. Flexible shoots in length reach 4-6 meters, they are usually formed on ropes, trellises, pergolas and other supports. They bloom on last year's shoots of small simple or double flowers, gathered in large inflorescences. Most often, bloom once, but long and abundant.
Sort "Felicity Perpetu"
The most famous hybrid. Small flowers of whitish cream with a pink tint of terry coloring, are contained in the hands up to 40 pcs. Rose is disease resistant and does not require much care. Well makes some shading.
Variety "Super Dorothy"
This variety opens the buds late, but it blooms until frost. Pink flowers are small, collected in brushes of 20-40 pieces.
Variety "Super Excellence"
After the abundant first wave of flowering, the inflorescences of crimson flowers appear on the bush until the very frost, however, not so much. It grows well in hot and cool climates.
This group combines numerous varieties of roses, bred by the German company V. Cordes. They are by and large an improved version of ramblers and also bloom on last year's shoots. But there are very significant differences:
- Bushes are more powerful;
- The length of the shoots is less, only 1.5-3.0 m;
- Flowers are much larger;
- Flowering repeated, often before frost.
Sometimes roses of this group are called semi-variegated.Comment! The creation of varieties of roses by Cordes is currently, in addition to a family enterprise located in Germany, is engaged in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden.
This variety forms a shrub up to 1.8 m in height with a width of 1.0 m. Large, up to 8 cm in diameter, collected in 2-4 or single flowers have a bright red color and fruity aroma. Glass square shape. Variety re-blooming, resistant to disease, but requires good shelter.
Variety "Spring Notes"
Variety of Crimean selection. It is a shrub about 1.7 m high with thin shoots. Flowering - repeated, simple flowers, large, up to 9 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences of 6-15 pieces. Variety resistant to wetting, pests and diseases.
Grade "Ilza Kron Superior"
It is a beautiful bush up to 2-3 meters high, up to 2 meters wide. White flowers with a very beautiful elongated glass, up to 11 cm in size, are terry, gathered in brushes. Possesses the increased resistance to all adverse factors, but demands an obligatory support and the forming scrap.
Climbers are modern large-flowered climbing roses with thick, hard stems. The flowers they have are large, often terry or semi-double, with beautiful glasses. Flowering repeated, abundant, on the shoots of this year. They are often formed in the form of columns, since it is much easier to tie to a pole than to tie up and plant their powerful shoots along the figure support.
The bush is beautiful, neat, with long strong stems. Large double flowers are white, slightly pinkish in the middle, with a magnificent glass and a pleasant aroma. Flowering - abundant, throughout the season. Unfortunately, this variety is prone to getting black spot disease.
Sort "City of York"
The grade differing in very dense glossy leaflets. It has large white semi-double flowers with a pronounced yellow center. It is highly resistant to diseases and is great for creating standard plants.
Variety "Breff of Life"
Incredibly beautiful and popular variety, grown as a scrub. The length of the lashes usually does not exceed 2 m. Gustomarovye flowers of apricot color are suitable for cutting. Unfortunately, the variety is afraid of rain.
If you live in central Russia or north and want to grow climbing, be prepared that you will have to mess with him as with a child - these are the most difficult for growing roses from all existing ones, and they also hate badly. This group appeared due to renal mutation of varieties belonging to other groups. Naturally, mutations of tea-hybrid varieties and varieties of floribunda roses are of most interest. It blooms as many times a year as the original variety on the shoots of this year. In retail chains, when selling climbers, usually after the name of the variety, there are letter designations indicating that it is a climbing rose grown from a mutant bud.
Grade "Gloria Day" (Cl HT)
It was this famous hybrid tea that became the most popular climber. The large fragrant glass of the classical form is very beautiful and during flowering it constantly changes color.
Variety "Ena Harkness" (Tea, Cl.)
Classic hybrid tea red color. All summer it blooms with fragrant double flowers with 26-40 petals.
Madame Julie Graverax (ClHT)
Excellent hybrid tea, which can have a peach, red or pink color. She has large flowers and a very pleasant aroma.Comment! Sometimes Rumblers unite with Roses Cordes, and Climbers with Climbinges. We, without pretending to anything, told about them separately exclusively for greater clarity.
As you can see, modern varieties of climbing roses are very beautiful and are able to decorate any area. Which of them to choose, how to form and where to place - you decide.