Garden

How to prepare potatoes for planting

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Each gardener dreams of a rich harvest of vegetable crops in his plot. To obtain it you need to take care of quality planting material. Potatoes are considered the main crop, occupying a large area of ​​all plantations. Simply removing the tubers from the cellar and planting them in the ground does not bring positive results, even if you pick up the most productive varieties.

How to prepare potatoes for planting, will be discussed further. We will tell about the methods of germination and dressing of planting material, soil preparation. Each reader can choose the right option for preparing potato seed for planting.

The first steps

As a rule, in order to obtain strong sprouts, potatoes are taken out of storage for 20-30 days before planting. It has been proven in practice that just such time is enough. Preparatory work does not require any material costs. For early potatoes use the appropriate varieties. Under favorable climatic conditions, it is planted in early May, so the preparation of tubers begin in late March.

Sorting

Seed is first carefully inspected for damage. During the bulkhead, tubers are removed with the slightest hint of disease. Most often on the tubers found dry or wet rot, scab. The waste will be substandard potatoes smaller chicken eggs, with signs of deformity. If the tuber is more than 90 grams, it is also rejected.

Calibration

Important! When selecting planting material you need to pay attention to its size.

What is the reason:

  1. Small tubers are not able to give a sufficient number of stems, therefore, a large harvest is not obtained.
  2. A large planting material will quickly form the above-ground part of the plant, all nutrients contained in the uterus will go to it. The development of roots in the initial stage is blocked. In the future, the root system will develop slowly, time to create the germs of tubers will be lost.

When preparing potato seeds for spring planting, calibration should be done. In the first pile will be tubers with a weight of 30 to 50 grams. In the second - from 50 to 75 grams. In the third - from 76 to 90.

Vegetable growers sometimes use nodules less than 30 grams to produce planting material of the potato variety of interest. But the selection must be conducted in the fall. It is necessary to take tubers from the most developed and healthy plant of a certain variety.

Many novice vegetable growers will probably wonder why we need fractional selection of potatoes in the preparation of seed material. It's simple: tubers of the same size are planted separately. Then the shoots will appear at each site at the same time, which will greatly facilitate further work.

Gardening

The question of how to properly prepare potatoes for planting is landscaping. At the initial examination of the material, tubers with outgrown shoots were selected. Green potatoes are less attacked by pests because they contain solanine poison. In the food such tubers can not be consumed too.

The room should be warm, from 10 to 12 degrees, and sunny with good ventilation. The sun should directly fall on the potato. Lay out planting material in a single layer. From time to time it needs to be turned upside down so that the gardening takes place evenly. After 25-30 days, the tubers become green.

Attention! This method is called vernalization.

What is better to plant potatoes? Containers should be transparent, suitable plastic containers, cake holders, plastic bags. If they use packages, they are tied up at the top, holes are made for air circulation.

Express method

This method is acceptable in cases where it was not possible to engage in timely preparation of planting material. And the time is tight. We'll have to wallow the tubers. Potatoes are placed in a warm, dry room with a temperature of 14-16 degrees. Tubers laid out in a row horizontally. The presence of light is optional. You can use a dark room. The method is effective, after 10 days the potatoes are ready for planting.

Other germination methods

Gardeners are very original people. They come up with various techniques for preparing potatoes before planting.

Comment! Vegetable growers never hide anything, willingly share their secrets.

Wet method

Many growers in the preparation of tubers used wet germination. Light with this method is not needed, and high-quality sprouts appear within a fortnight.

Tanks are filled with wet sawdust, sand, peat. Sawdust is better to take from hardwood trees, as in the conifers too much resin. Before starting the bookmark, they are poured twice with boiling water to “wash out” the resin. River sand is thoroughly washed.

As growers with experience say, a similar method of preparing potatoes for planting allows them to preserve nutrients in tubers. Shoots are friendly.

A warning! There is a drawback: potatoes are more susceptible to diseases and pests.

Warming up

The method of heating allows to reduce the preparation of seed material to a minimum. Sometimes after long sprouting, the eyes for some reason do not hatch, although the tubers are healthy in appearance.

If there is no other material, and the time is already tight, you can try to warm the tubers at high temperatures: from 35 to 40 degrees. Buds receive a push, sprouts appear in 5 days. You can land, planting material is ready.

Garlands

Strung sorted potatoes on a twine or thick wire, hang in front of a sunny window. From time to time, the tubers need to be sprayed with a spray gun.

Important! Long white growths, which appeared during the storage of potatoes, should be cut off, so that they do not interfere with the development of strong sprouts.

We use transparent bags

Preparation of potato tubers for planting is an important point for obtaining high-quality planting material.

If there is not enough space in the apartment for the installation of containers for sprouting tubers, you can take the usual cellophane bags. They need to make holes for circulation. Overfill the bags should not be so that the tubers do not overheat, the growth does not intertwine with each other.

Bags need to tie a strong rope and hang in front of the window. Enough light comes to the tubers through the film, the shoots do not stretch, do not outgrow.

Important! Before planting, packets with germinated tubers are folded into a container and transported to the site in this form.

In any container sprouts on potatoes do not break off.

Tips experienced vegetable growers on the preparation of potatoes for planting on video:

How to stimulate germination

Stimulation of potato tubers is carried out when the terms of normal germination are missed. In a small container pour one liter of water and prepare a solution, which consists of:

  • kiln ash in any quantity;
  • trace elements at the tip of the knife;
  • bluestone ¼ tsp.

Tubers lay in boxes and spray them with a solution. Repeat the procedure every other day. You can prepare a large amount of the solution, keeping the proportion of ingredients, lay the potatoes in it.

Attention! Tubers are kept in the tank for no more than two minutes.

Such sprouting of potatoes before planting with the use of copper sulphate not only stimulates the vitality of tubers, nourishes with nutrients, but also destroys fungal diseases.

Stimulation can be carried out using other drugs:

  • Nitrofosku;
  • Effecton;
  • Urea
Important! Apply strictly according to the instructions. Increased concentrations of stimulants can harm tubers.

Disinfection of tubers

Preparation of potatoes for planting in the spring does not exclude pickling tubers. There are many tools that help prevent the spread of rhizoctonia and scab. Among the most common means - formalin.

The solution is prepared in advance in this proportion: one part of 40% formalin is taken for 200 parts of water. Tubers are immersed in the solution for 5 minutes, removed, covered with sacking and left for 2 hours.

You can not soak, and spray planting material. For 100 kg of tubers preparing three liters of solution, the proportions are the same. Potatoes are first sprinkled with clean water and then with formalin solution. To destroy the pests enough to hold the tubers under the sacking for about 6 hours.

Attention! Tubers are treated before germination.

Preparing the soil

Get a rich harvest of potatoes can only be on fertile soils. These can be sandstone, clayey or chernozem, but light. In the spring you need to do the preparation of the soil before planting potatoes. If the soil is clay, then add sand to it.

In the fall, experienced growers after harvesting potatoes prepare the soil for potato planting - sowing areas with siderites. And in the spring they mow and plow the ground. As a result, plant residues increase the fertility of the soil in a natural way. Experts believe that potatoes should be planted every year in a new place. It grows well after beans, corn, cucumbers, strawberries and raspberries.

As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, the preparation of potatoes for early planting is completed, you can proceed to work on the site.

A warning! It is not recommended to bring fresh manure in the spring, as there are a lot of pests and weed seeds in it.

Before plowing or digging the ground, they introduce humus or ammophoska - up to 3 kg per hundred. After that break lumps, choose the roots of weeds. Immediately start planting can not: the soil should settle and warm up. After all, the soil before plowing was colder than the top layer.

Before the beginning of planting potatoes, the plot is leveled, marking is carried out. Row from the row should be at a distance of 75 cm. It will be easier to weed and spud. One day after digging up the plot, potatoes can be planted. You can not wait any longer, the soil will lose moisture. Hole from the hole 25-30 cm depending on the variety.

Conclusion

We told you about how to prepare seed and soil for planting potatoes. Of course, each person decides for himself whether to use the acquired knowledge or not. But I want to note that our climatic conditions do not allow the potato to stay long in the fall in the field. If you plant unprepared potatoes in the spring, it will lie in the ground for a long time. Tubers will spend on germination, thereby reducing productivity.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send