In our world it is difficult to find a person, even a very small one, who would not be familiar with this flower. First-graders are already well aware of what gladioli are, but if they knew how many varieties of these flowers exist in the world, they would be very surprised. Probably no flower has such an infinite variety in the color of the inflorescences themselves. After all, gladioli are even green and brown, gray and almost black. And what is especially interesting, it is Russia that currently holds the leading position in the world in breeding work with gladioli, especially with large-flowered varieties.
This article will show a variety of gladioli, photos of which you can see here. From the thousands of existing varieties, the best ones were selected, according to reviews of flower growers who have been engaged in the cultivation of these gorgeous flowers for more than a year.
Classifications of gladioli
Like many other flowers, gladiolus is very diverse. Every year there are new colorful varieties. They already now can be completely confused by an unknowing person. To facilitate this process, several classifications of these flowers were invented, which formed the basis of a special nomenclature, with the help of which experienced flower growers can easily determine the basic data of a particular variety.
First of all, gladioli vary in timing of flowering. There are:
Name of the color group
How many days can pass after planting before the appearance of inflorescences
About 72 days
About 77 days
About 83 days
About 88 days
About 95 days
Gladioli may also differ in diameter of a single flower in the inflorescence. On this basis, there are five different flower sizes.
When describing varieties of gladiolus after the name in the first place is always a number of three digits. The first number just says about the size of the flower:
- Miniature flowers, smaller than 6 cm.
- Small flowers with a diameter of 6 to 9 cm.
- Average flowers, the size of which varies between 9 and 11 cm.
- Large enough flowers with a diameter of 11 to 14 cm.
- Very large flowers with a diameter greater than 14 cm.
The last two figures in this number describe the main color, shade and different features of the patterns in the color of the flower. There are 11 main colors for describing color, including white. Descriptions of the most beautiful varieties of gladioli, which follow, will be located on the main colors that exist in the classification of these colors.
The nomenclature also usually indicates data on the inflorescence: how many total flowers are formed in it, and a slash indicates how many flowers can be fully disclosed at the same time. The height of the plant is also often indicated.
In addition, gladiolus can vary in the degree of corrugation of their petals. To describe this, there are five gradations, from unshirred (ng) to supergofused (ssg). In the nomenclature of each variety, the year of registration of the variety and the name of the breeder must also be indicated.
Descriptions of varieties with photos
Below will be presented the best varieties of gladioli, both in their beauty and simplicity in cultivation, ease of reproduction, good and powerful growth. The most part is represented by the varieties of gladioli of the Russian selection, since it was they who showed the best adaptability to the difficult Russian climatic conditions. In addition, as noted above, for the beauty and variety of large-flowered gladioli varieties, Russian breeders have no competitors.
White gladiolus varieties are pure white shades, but there is also a large group of white flowers with a variety of colored patches, specks, eyes, etc. The most popular and adapted to Russian conditions are the early and mid-early varieties. The parade of white gladioli will begin with them.
Moscow White Stone 400-SR-99 Dybov, SSG 21/8 150
Using the example of this variety, you can practice reading the description of gladiolus varieties. 400 means that the size of the flower (4) is from 11 to 14 cm, and 00 means that the color of the flowers is pure white without specks.
CP - means that the variety is mid-early, so it blooms around July.
99 - the year of registration, Dybov - the name of the breeder, the VGS - means super strongly corrugated petals of flowers, 21/8 - the total number of flowers in the inflorescence / number of opened flowers at the same time.
Finally, the last number 150 indicates the height of the gladiolus.
Moscow White stone is one of the valuable white varieties. She has repeatedly won prizes at flower shows.
The petals of these flowers are very dense, almost wax. Flowers are quite resistant to rain, but because of the high altitude require garters.
White Birch 500-C-02 Vasiliev, SG, 24/10
In this gladiolus, young flowers have a cream shade, only with full disclosure they become pure white. Flowers grow very powerfully and well. We won at several Moscow exhibitions.
Next will be presented several early varieties of gladioli basic white, but with a variety of patterns.
Assol 301/401-СР-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 20/10, 140
The size of the flowers of this variety can vary from medium to large, so two numbers are indicated at the beginning of the description. If a three-digit number ends in an odd number, this means that there are specks, specks or rims in the flower color.
This variety has a very beautiful contrasting combination of a ruby color in the center with white and gold around the edges.
Rowan on Snow 501-RS-06 Kiselev, SSG, 20/8, 140
The inflorescence of this variety is very tough and direct. Petals dense, almost wax. Flowers are a wonderful early cut. Flowers were the winners of the Moscow exhibition in 2009.
Green gladioli are not as often seen in collections at flower growers - they are very unusual in appearance. The most valuable and interesting are the varieties in which the colors of colors are pure green with no impurities of yellow or white.
Radiant greens 402-С-02 Kuznetsov, SG, 22/8, 150
Plants have a very strong inflorescence. Petals are also very dense. Flower growers valued for reliable flowering in all weather conditions. It multiplies well and grows.
Green Fairy 403-RS-10 Tsarev, SSG, 22/10
One of the most beautiful green varieties. It shimmers all possible shades of green against the background of superglossy petals.
Travushka - Muravushka 505-RS -05 Dybov, SSG, 23/9
Sort has repeatedly won at various exhibitions. It is considered one of the best among green gladioli by a set of different characteristics.
Yellow and cream
Yellow gladiolus symbolizes the sun's rays.Important! One of the advantages of yellow flowers is their high resistance to diseases, laid at the genetic level.
Krasava 513-OR-07 Dybov, SG, 24/10
As you can see from the nomenclature, this variety is one of the earliest. Under good conditions, it can bloom in late June. In addition, with such a large inflorescence of 24 flowers, up to ten of them are open. For early varieties is a rarity.
Zest 513-СР-03 Dybov, SG, 22/10
This gladiolus has a very beautiful rich yellow color with a raspberry brushstroke in the center. The peculiarity of the variety is that its baby blooms in the year of planting.
Golden Antelope 414-C-07 Trifonov, SSG
It is considered one of the best yellow monotonous varieties. Even the inner petals are decorated with fringe.
Polovtsian Dances 517-С-2000 Gromov, SG, 20/8
One of the most beautiful gladioli, where red-pink radiant spots shimmer on a bright yellow background. The inflorescence is very dense and powerful.
Pale yellow and orange
Gladioli of these flowers symbolize the happiness of life and give a warm, festive, joyful mood.
Honey saved 427-S-98 Dybov, SG, 23/10
Inflorescence has the perfect shape and rich orange - honey color. These gladioli grow beautifully and are wonderful when cut.
Amber Baltic 523-С-85 Gromov, 23/10
The variety was bred in 1985 and still has not lost its popularity. He is very unpretentious in the care and well propagated.
Golden Symphony 423-СР-07 Vasiliev
Very beautiful and tender gladiolus refers to a pale yellow color among orange flowers.
Salmon flowers are quite appropriate to give a celebration to both men and women.
The most famous and popular salmon gladiolus is
Grand Duchess Elizabeth 532-СР-03 Kuznetsov, SSG, 23/12
This variety has repeatedly won at exhibitions and was even sent to Holland for passing various tests. A real masterpiece, both in beauty and simplicity.
Peppy 435-RS-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 18/8, 130
Gladiolus is very unusual and beautiful colors. Differs in good health, remarkably reproduces.
Bouquets of pink gladioli are great for a gift to young girls, because they symbolize purity and tenderness.
Love potion 542-СР-94 Dybov, SG, 22/9
The variety has good resistance to diseases, gives a lot of strong and healthy children. It is considered one of the best among pink flowers.
Among the new varieties of gladioli especially want to highlight
Granddaughters cilia 443-S-16 Vasiliev, SG, 20/9
Although this variety was bred only a year ago, it already enjoys great popularity and love among gardeners for its charming appearance and its resistance to external conditions.
Red color symbolizes active vital energy and gives self confidence and courage. Bouquets will be gorgeous at any celebration.
Hungarian 558-RS-10 Tsarev, SG, 20/8, 140
Amazing plant that combines both early flowering, dark color of petals and good health. Very rare combination of qualities.
Give me a Smile 556-PC-2002 Dybov, SG, 24/12, 180
It is considered one of the best red gladioli. It has strong growth and good health. Prize-winner of many exhibitions.
Bright crimson flowers, symbolizing energy, power and strong feelings, are the best suited for business people and women of creative professions. They are good in contrasting bouquets with snow-white gladioli.
The Soul of Russia 565-СР-11 Kolganov, SSG, 24/10
A very exquisite beauty gladiolus reminds some orchids of petals. Before flowers of a similar form in gladioli could not even be imagined.
Vienna Symphony 563-С-10 Kolganov, SG, 22/9
Gladiolus has a very powerful inflorescence with beautiful tints of raspberry-milky shades. It is very popular.
Well combined with pink tones in bouquets for young women and girls.
Aphrodite 575-С-05 Dybov, SG, 22/9
The petals of this gladiolus are very dense, wax. Inflorescence is direct and dense enough too.
Divine Serenade 472-RS-06 Logutinsky, SG, 20/10, 120
What color, that corrugation of gladiolus can cause nothing but admiration. It is very popular.
Blue, purple and blue
These cold tones will be appropriate in a business setting and at banquets. Make the impression of loyalty, dignity and seriousness.
Admiral Ushakov 484-RS-10 Baranov, SG, 25/8
The bush of this gladiolus is very powerful, the inflorescence is long and durable. The color is saturated. This handsome and winner of the Moscow flower exhibitions.
Gates of Paradise 484-C-04 Miroshnichenko, SSG, 24/10
One of the best and most popular gladioli in this color category. Petals dense, wax. It is characterized by good growth and stability. Wonderful cut.
Ultraviolet 587-C-06 Trifonov, SG, 20/10
A real handsome purple man with a perfect tall and strong two-row inflorescence. Inflorescences are very dense.
Brown and smoky gray
These color shades appeared relatively recently. The newest varieties of gladioli try to outdo each other in the original color combinations of smoky and brown with possible patches of other shades. One of the first, which has already become almost a classic, is
Brown chalcedony 598-СР-95 Dybov, G, 22/9
One of the best brown gladioli. The plant is very powerful with a strong inflorescence. It is characterized by a unique combination of smoky-brown tones with a violet hue.
Silver stream 492-RS-06 Baranov, G, 22/8
Gladiolus with a unique unique color. One of the favorites florist. Is exotic. Prize-winner of many exhibitions.
Ancient Magic 495-RS-12 Baranov, G, 20/8, 130
Exotic, very rare coloring gladiolus. It is a masterpiece of many collections of gardeners.
About a hundred years ago, interesting short growing varieties of gladioli were bred in Holland. In height, these flowers usually do not exceed 40-60 cm. Of course, the beauty of the inflorescences is not as spectacular as their large-flowered cousins, but they have enough other advantages that allow flower growers to grow them in their own area with joy.
- These flowers are more enduring and unpretentious. In the southern regions of Russia, undersized gladioli can not even dig for the winter and leave to spend the winter directly in the open field.
- Dwarf gladiolus bloom much earlier - in June you can admire their colorful inflorescences.
- Because of their short stature, flowers do not need a support, which means that there is no need to tie them up.
- It is well combined with other flowers and more organically fit into various flower arrangements in flowerbeds.
One of the most famous and popular varieties in Russia at present is the Nymph, or Nymph, whose photo of flowers can be viewed below.
Not bad looks also Peach Flower, endearing to the tenderness of its inflorescences.
Often, undersized gladioli are sold in Russia in sets of a mixture of varieties, so it is quite difficult to identify the other varieties.
From all of the above, it becomes quite easy to understand that gladioli are beautiful and varied in color and shape flowers, among which everyone can choose something to their liking.