Dahlias are considered to be crowned heads among autumn flowers. They adorn the gardens and flower beds until late autumn. Few people know that the cultivation of dahlias is not only aesthetic, but also of practical importance. Luxurious, lush, brightly colored flowers attract bees. So, if dahlias grow close to vegetable beds, pollination of vegetables is provided. And finally, with all its beauty, these flowers are quite unpretentious. The subject of today's article is Figaro dahlia: growing from seeds.
A bit of history
There is a beautiful legend about the origin of dahlias. During a strong cooling, fires were extinguished, supported by people from the last forces. In place of the last ashes, a flower grew with petals resembling flames. The plant helped people to survive difficult times, and remained an eternal symbol of the desire for life.
According to scientific facts, Central and South America is considered the birthplace of dahlias. In their warm homeland, the plants were real giants - up to 6 m in height.Attention! Dahlia tubers were considered edible (garden crops are not affected!).
Flowers were introduced to Europe in the 18th century and quickly spread throughout Europe.
Figaro Dahlia is a dwarf variety with double flowers and dense compact bushes. The plant reaches a height of only 20-30 cm, the flower has a diameter of 10 cm. The advantage of the culture is a large number of inflorescences (up to 15 pieces per plant). Flowers have a variety of colors (hence the name “Figaro Mix”). One more plus of a grade - unpretentiousness. Dahlias can be grown as a garden crop or in flowerpots.
Growing dahlias from seeds
The best time for sowing dahlias is March-beginning of April. If you want to get planting material for the further cultivation of these plants, you need to produce sowing a little earlier.
Works on planting annual terry dahlias are performed in the following order:
- Preparation of containers for seedlings. If you use plastic containers, you must first make holes for drainage in the bottom part. Fill the containers with the planting mixture (sand-peat-perlite is best). Before planting the seeds of dahlias, the pot should be thoroughly washed with ordinary soapy water. Dirt can be a source of disease for the plant.
- Soak the seeds overnight in warm water, to which is added aloe juice (the ratio of water and aloe is 2: 1). This procedure is desirable but not required. The plant will turn out more healthy and strong, with good immunity.
- Sow the seeds in the prepared soil, sprinkling the ground on top.
- Cover the pot with a piece of glass or plastic wrap. Put it in a sunny, warm place.
- After 2-3 days, the first shoots will appear. Do not rush to remove the film so that the rays of the sun do not damage the delicate plants.
- After the Figaro dahlia gets a little stronger, the dahlia sprouts need to be transplanted into separate containers. If the plants do not dive, thickened dahlias will develop only in height. For planting it is desirable to use a peat-sand mixture with turf ground. When picking the plant goes deep into the ground to the lower leaves.
- When the sprouts are taken, feed them, using any complex fertilizer (the dosage is reduced by half compared with the instructions).
- Dahlia grows pretty quickly. In order not to stretch the stems strongly up, pinch the plant at the fourth leaf level.
- As a result, you get strong, healthy plants that can be planted to a permanent place without any problems. We need to wait until the warm weather sets in so that night frosts do not harm the seedlings.
Important! Before permanent disembarkation, seedlings need to be “acclimatized”.
In warm sunny weather, pots with young plants are brought out on the street at first by 5, then by 10 minutes, gradually increasing the time that young plants stay in the air.
Plants are planted in the soil in the last days of May - early June. The size of the pits is about 40 x 40 x 40 cm. Lay a layer of humus or compost on the bottom of the hole, then sprinkle the fertilizer with earth and only then plant the seedling. After planting, water the plants and sprinkle the soil with a layer of mulch 5 cm thick. Sawdust or chopped wood bark mixed with peat or compost is well suited for mulching.
Unlike many garden plants, dahlia care is very simple. It is necessary to periodically spud plants, remove dry flowers and weed weeds. Dahlias do not tolerate autumn frosts, so it is advisable to cover them with special textiles at night.
We collect seed
Buying seeds is not required. You can collect seed in the autumn, from dried dahlia inflorescences. Carefully separate them from the petals and dry a little. Store until disembarkation by placing in paper bags. In this case, there is no likelihood that new flowers will be as two drops of water as maternal ones.