Dahlias can be found at each site. The largest variety of species is divided according to the shape, structure and degree of the flower terry. Among the varieties that are currently grown by summer residents, a pompon dahlia occupies a special place - a very effective flower. Its spherical inflorescences reach a diameter of about 7 cm. The difference from other dahlias is clearly visible in the form of petals, which are rolled into a tube along the entire length. In some varieties, they wrap inside and overlap, resembling the shingles on the roof.
Pompon dahlia, which has a very large variety of color inflorescences, yet does not have a blue color. But it can surprise by the shimmering tone, changing from the edge to the center of the flower or vice versa.
The shape of a pompon dahlia looks like a low shrub with strong shoots.
Beautiful oval leaves harmoniously frame the fluffy inflorescences. Among the characteristics of varieties of pompon dahlias, their sensitivity to frost should be noted. As soon as a fall in temperature occurs in the fall, the dahlia leaves and flowers immediately die. But in the summer they delight the whole season with their bright spherical buds.
Cultivate amazing pompon flower from seeds. This process is possible even for novice flower growers.
Growing pompon dahlias
The very first stage is to find a place for a flower bed with beautiful flowers. Although many people like to grow pompon dahlias like framing or curb. In any case, you will have to find a sunny plot with nutrient soil. If the place is known in advance, in the fall, add organic matter to the soil so that in the spring there will be less hassle with fertilizers.
Now we need to choose a variety of pompon flowers that are suitable for decorating the dacha area. Dahlias are grown as perennials and as annual flowers. If you do not want to bother with digging tubers or storing them, then the option of annual cultivation from seeds will do.Important! In regions with a cool climate, pompon dahlias can only be grown on a seedling basis so that they can bloom in time.
Many growers generally prefer a seedling method for pompon dahlias. In this case, dahlias are planted earlier in open ground than with direct sowing. As a result, they bloom much earlier.
For annual cultivation, sowing of pompon dahlia seeds is carried out in early April. If you are sowing a variety that is already familiar to you and you want to continue growing it, then the crop is transferred to the beginning of March. Then the plants will have time to form small tubers, ready for storage and planting for the next season.
For sowing seeds of pompon dahlias for seedlings, it will be necessary to mix soil, containers and seeds.
In the tank it is necessary to fill the soil for seedlings of pompon dahlias. Suitable purchase or a mixture of sand, humus and sod land in equal shares. Another option - peat, sand, perlite.
The soil is calcined, disinfected using a solution of potassium permanganate, Fitosporin, or other drugs of the same group.Attention! Some summer residents recommend using peat tablets for sowing seeds of pompon varieties.
The seeds of these flowers are not small, so sowing them is not problematic. In one pill place two seeds of pompon dahlias.
Soil moisturize and lay out the seeds of dahlias on the surface, sprinkle a little soil and crush. Lightly moisten with a spray bottle and cover the container with glass or film.
In order for dahlia seeds to germinate on time and in unison, they will have to provide them with a temperature of at least 26 ° C. If you have sown several varieties, mark their shoots with labels or colored tabs.
In a week, a maximum of 10 days, shoots will appear. As soon as this has happened, immediately remove the film or glass and transfer the container to the lighted place. In cloudy weather finish the seedlings, otherwise you will get sprawling seedlings.
If the dahlia shoots turned out to be thickened, make a picking. Although this procedure is recommended for any kind of seedlings. Pompon dahlia is no exception. A dive will improve conditions for root growth and allow seedlings to become stronger. Carry it out in the phase of two to four true leaves.
Before picking seedlings of pompon varieties, the soil is disinfected with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. Its composition should be identical to the soil in which the seeds are sown.
Now seedlings need competent care. Watering should be moderate. If water stagnates or waterlogging of pompon dahlia seedlings can suffer from a fungal infection.
Before planting in the ground is better to hardening seedlings. This will help them to more easily adapt to new conditions and settle down faster. Seedlings of pompon varieties are planted in heated land and when the possibility of return frost is bypassed. When transplanting, they try not to destroy the clod of earth around the roots. In the first days the bed is covered from the night temperature drop.
Further care for the plants consists of watering, fertilizing (if necessary).Important! Watch for soil moisture.
Pompon dahlias are watered as the soil dries out, avoiding over-wetting. It must be remembered that excessive moisture causes fungus diseases in dahlias, and deficiency leads to drying out of the foliage.
Varieties of pompon dahlias for summer cottages
"Mix of colors"
Dahlia pompon "Mixture of colors" differs among its fellows with bright inflorescences and duration of flowering. The height of the shrub is about a meter, therefore, in order to get flowering in July, it is better to grow by seedling. In one bag of seeds guaranteed collected double flowers of different colors. It will delight until October with lush flowers. The distance between the plants is from 30 to 50 cm. The first or central flowers are slightly double.
In order to further obtain high-quality inflorescences, they are best removed. Likewise, it is necessary to remove faded blossoms in time. Require weeding at the beginning of growth and periodic feeding. When sowing early form tubers form, which allow growing a variety like perennial.
One-year varieties include the dahlia pompom Terry Ball. The diameter of the inflorescences in the mixture ranges from 5 to 7 cm. The stems are strong, not bendable, they perfectly hold the inflorescences. Among the features of the variety should be noted resistance to adverse climatic conditions. Loves heat and light, fertile and drained land. You can grow as seedling method, and sowing in the ground. It blooms all summer, responds well to fertilizing and loosening the soil.
A few more varieties of pompon dahlias for growing in summer cottages:
Yellow "Scarce" with mountain ash tips
"Gretchen Heine" in a light pink color
Choose your favorite pompon dahlia variety for your site. Growing them will be easy, and the beauty and comfort in the country will immediately increase. Many species are so attractive that they become favorite flowers and are grown constantly.