Flowers

Poliantova rose: growing from seed at home

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Some gardeners are hesitant to plant roses in their plot, fearing the difficulties of caring for a naughty beauty. But some varieties of roses are undemanding, do not require shelter for the winter, care for them is simple and accessible to everyone.

Description

Polyantovye roses bloom profusely throughout the summer, and part of the autumn to frost. Rose bushes are abundantly covered with small bright flowers.

The main advantages of polyantov roses:

  • High decorative bushes;
  • Long flowering;
  • Frost resistance;
  • Lack of thorns;
  • Good immunity;
  • Low soil composition;
  • Shade tolerance.

Shrubs are used to design borders, rabatok. Can be used as a houseplant, grown in pots and containers.

Characteristic

The bush is low, up to 50 cm in height, strongly branched. The flowers are simple or double, small in size, up to 4 cm in diameter. Most often red or pink, less often white. Odorless. Flowers are collected in large inflorescences, in one brush there can be up to 50 buds.

The leaves are small, with ciliated stipules, glossy, dark green.

Attention! They are highly resistant to most fungal and bacterial infections.

In the rainy, cool season, the flowers may have powdery mildew.

Landing

Polyanthous roses will grow and bloom in any conditions, but to get a bright abundant flowering of bushes, as in the photo you need to know the rules of planting and care.

Shrubs of polyanthus roses are not afraid of high acidity of the soil, but these flowers best of all develop on loose, well-fertilized soil with neutral acidity.

The best place for planting bushes of polyanthus roses is sunny, well ventilated. These roses grow well in partial shade, but the branches of the bushes can stretch and sag under the weight of flowering brushes. In this case, it is necessary to make supports for the bushes.

The size of the landing pit is determined based on the size of the root color system. The roots of the bushes should be placed in it freely, you can not fold and bend them.

In the landing pit before planting bushes make:

  • Mature humus;
  • Glass of wood ash;
  • The complex of trace elements;
  • Sand.

Humus must be checked for the presence of fungal spores. If white patches are noticeable on certain parts of the substrate, such humus should be dried well in the sun before use, only then it can be used as a fertilizer for growing flowers.

Complex fertilizers, especially nitrogen, must be made strictly according to the instructions. Too much nitrogen in the soil can damage flowers. It is advisable to choose fertilizers marked “for roses”.

Sand is applied only to heavy, clayey soils. The amount of sand is determined depending on the density of the soil. Sandy soil application is not required.

Important! If the bush before transplanting was dug carelessly, and the root system is badly damaged, it is necessary to cut the stems of flowers.

The main rule - the size of the aerial parts of flowers should be equal to the underground.

After planting flowers you need to monitor the soil moisture, avoiding drying out and overmoistening. If there is a threat of night frosts, the bushes of polyanthus roses must be covered.

Care

Care for the bushes of polyanthus roses is not difficult, often for the full development of the roses, it is enough to irrigate and trim them in a timely manner. In some cases, the bushes of these flowers may need treatment from insects and fungal infections. How to use insecticides and fungicides is indicated in the instructions.

Shrubs of polyanthus roses easily tolerate even prolonged over-wetting of the soil, but this may affect flowering. Therefore, watering the bushes is carried out only when the soil is well dried. Usually the rose bushes just watering once a week.

It is advisable to cut the bushes several times, the first time it is carried out in early spring, when the first leaves of the flowers begin to appear.

In spring, the bushes need to remove frost-damaged branches, the remnants of old leaves. On the bush leave no more than three trunks, they must be shortened by a third. Also remove the branches growing inside the bush.

In the process of growing season, you can form a bush to get a more decorative flower. If the green spike is removed to the top, it will begin to release new branches. A blooming brush will appear at the end of each of these processes by the middle of summer.

Shrubs of polyanthus roses rarely get sick, but in cool rainy weather spores of pathogenic fungi begin to multiply. If you have recently trimmed bushes, through a fresh cut, fungi can get into the flower. To avoid infection, pruning bushes should be carried out only in dry weather.

Harmful insects rarely cause serious damage to the bushes of polyanthus roses. Since the flowers of this rose have no fragrance, most flying insects do not notice it. Of sucking insects often bushes annoying aphid. Aphid treatment is carried out in dry, calm weather. A solution of the preparation for aphids is prepared according to the instructions. Usually requires 2 - 3 flower treatments per season.

Breeding

Polyanthus roses are very easy to breed. The cuttings of these flowers root easily, with good care lunge almost never happens. In addition to cuttings, seedlings of polyanthus roses can be obtained from seeds.

Cuttings

For cuttings, flowers choose healthy green shoots up to 15 cm in size. They are cut with a very sharp knife so that the cut is even, without protruding fibers. Before planting, cuttings of roses can be soaked in a stimulator solution according to the instructions.

The cuttings are placed in a container with a damp, clean substrate, to reduce evaporation of water, cover with a lid or plastic bag. For the germination of cuttings of flowers, you can use the following substrates:

  • Peat;
  • Coir;
  • Perlite;
  • Sawdust;
  • Sand.

Peat absorbs water well, but dries very quickly, it is necessary to constantly monitor the soil moisture. The cuttings may die even after a brief drying of the substrate. May contain fungal spores and microorganisms harmful to cuttings.

Coconut fibers are well suited to grow a rose from cuttings. The cuttings growing in peat are rarely affected by mold or rot.

Perlite absorbs well and releases water when cuttings are needed. With it, it is easy to provide the cuttings of roses with the desired moisture. Free from harmful microorganisms.

Important! Flowers that have been grown in perlite may be nutritionally deficient. Water-soluble fertilizer will help prevent this.

Wet sawdust can be used to germinate cuttings of flowers only with processed fungicides. They may contain harmful microflora in large quantities. It is required to closely monitor the uniform moisture.

Sand is less suitable for growing cuttings. It is easily compressed, it is easy to re-wet. The resulting root color system will experience oxygen starvation. It is advisable to ignite the sand to get rid of pathogens.

When the first roots appear, seedlings are transplanted. For further cultivation of roses will need bright sunlight, a lot of nutrients.

You can plant flowers on a temporary bed, the so-called little school, or grow flowers before planting in a permanent place in containers. The main rule - young roses can be damaged by direct sunlight and overdrying.

Tip! It is necessary to mulch the planting and cover the seedlings with transparent material.

In hot weather, the temperature under the plastic wrap may be too high, so it is better to use agrofibre. At a permanent place seedlings of these flowers are planted for next year.

Growing from seed

Growing a rose from seed, it must be borne in mind that not all seedlings inherit maternal characteristics. Some flowers will be completely different from the rose from which the seeds were taken.

The seeds of most varieties of polyanthus roses require obligatory stratification, except for the Chinese “Angel Wings” rose, another name is Angel Rose. Its seeds germinate well and quickly, the seedlings begin to bloom in a few months after sowing the seeds.

Seeds of polyanthus roses are treated with disinfectants, dried, then soaked in a stimulator solution. Planted them in clean ground, wrapped in a plastic bag and placed in a cold place for 2 - 3 months. Seeds of these flowers need minus temperatures to activate growth, so they can be buried in the garden along with the container. If seed roses are grown at home, you can place the container in the freezer.

In the spring the container is taken out, transferred to a warm, bright place. After 2 - 3 weeks, the first shoots of flowers appear. After their appearance, the polyethylene film is removed, the first 3 days it is necessary to spray the seedlings of flowers 2 - 3 times a day.

Flower seedlings are planted to a permanent place when the threat of frost has passed.

Conclusion

Growing polyantov roses not burdensome, but with their help you can decorate any corner of the site. These beautiful flowers will gratefully accept the care and care, rewarding wonderful, long flowering.

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