The Malina Regiment (Polka) was the result of the work of Polish breeders. Today it is a popular variety of repair raspberry, which is exported to other countries and grown on an industrial scale.
However, raspberry polka is suitable for ordinary gardens. Its high yield and excellent taste are especially appreciated.
Raspberry polka is a medium-shrub up to 1.8 m high. On average, the height of this variety is 1.5 m. Up to 10 shoots are formed on one seedling. There are soft thorns on the stems.
The ripening of berries begins early enough. The first harvest of raspberries can be removed from new shoots at the end of July, and the fruiting continues until the start of frost. Compared to other varieties, fruit formation at raspberry regiment begins earlier than two weeks and lasts for three months.
Attention! Berries have a sweet taste with a slight sourness and a pronounced aroma.
The berries have a weight of about 3.6 g. With active feeding, they grow up to 6 g. As can be seen in the photo, up to 10 fruits of conical shape ripen on each hand. The drupe is small, practically not felt, and the berries of the raspberry regiment are quite juicy.
An important feature is the low winter hardiness of the variety. Raspberry Regiment may not suffer severe frosts. Solve the problem will help warming the root system for the winter.
Raspberry polka has high yields. According to the description of breeders, up to 4 kg of berries are removed from one bush. Fruiting continues even when the temperature drops to 0 C.
Harvest is taken twice a year. On last year's sprouts berries are formed at the beginning of summer. This mode involves a serious load on the plant. Therefore, it is recommended to prune old stems so that the main fruiting takes place on new shoots.
The skin of the fruits of raspberry regiment is quite dense, which allows them to be transported over long distances.
The development of shrubs and the quality of the crop depend on the proper planting of the raspberry regiment. Raspberries are planted in early April or in the fall. The most favorable is landing in late September or early October.Attention! It is necessary to choose seedlings consisting of two or three shoots, without spots and cracks.
Raspberry Regiment takes root well on light or medium loam. Good natural lighting has a positive effect on the taste of berries. Raspberries can be placed along the barriers or near buildings.
Landing raspberry shelf is held according to a certain order:
- Two weeks before the landing, pits 0.5 m deep and 0.4 m in diameter are dug out.
- Between plants leave 0.5 - 1 m, and between rows of shrubs - up to 2 m.
- Fertilizer is prepared for one square meter of land: 20 kg of manure, 50 g of potassium sulphate, 70 g of superphosphate. The resulting mixture poured prepared for raspberry pit.
- A raspberry seedling of the regiment is placed in a hole and straightened the root system. Replacement kidney is placed 5 cm from the surface of the earth.
- The pit is filled with soil, which is slightly trampled.
- Under each bush poured a bucket of water.
- The soil under the raspberry shelf is mulched with straw or peat.
- Above the ground surface leave 0.4 m from the seedling.
High-quality care provides abundant fruiting raspberry regiment. The procedure for the care of raspberries is standard and includes pruning, watering, loosening and feeding the shrub.
Pruning raspberry shelf allows you to form a bush consisting of 7 shoots. The order of work depends on the number of crops that are planned to be harvested:
- If one crop is grown, the raspberry shelf is pruned in November. The branches are removed at the root.
- If the crop needs to be harvested twice, the stems are cut in spring and autumn. The branches on which the berries were located, as well as dry and damaged stems are removed. On old raspberry shoots, the crop grows by the summer, and on the young - in the fall.
Rules for watering and loosening
The polka variety needs constant soil moistening. The plant is watered during the flowering and ripening of berries. If there is little rainfall in the fall, then the winter is watered.
Each raspberry bush requires up to 3 buckets of water. So, soil moistening to a depth of up to 0.4 m is achieved.
Loosening the soil improves the penetration of moisture and air. At the beginning of the season, loosening is carried out before flowering begins to a depth of 7 cm. The procedure is repeated 5-6 times a year.
The use of fertilizers has a positive effect on the growth and yield of raspberry regiment. The first feeding is done in the spring before the growing season. To do this, use organic fertilizer, which is diluted with water in the ratio of 1 to 10 liters of water.
In the summer period the feed is carried out once a month. For the raspberry shelf, ready-made complex compositions are selected that contain ammonium nitrate, potassium salt, and superphosphate.
In the fall, organic fertilizer is applied to the raspberry pan at the rate of 5 kg per square meter of land.
Polka raspberry variety is not susceptible to most diseases characteristic of the shrub of this species. The most vulnerable is the root system, which can be seriously affected by various lesions.
Root cancer is expressed by the presence of knotted growths on the roots, which eventually reach the size of a walnut. As a result, the ability of the raspberry shelf to absorb moisture and nutrients is deteriorating. Cause bacteria that can remain in the soil for up to 3 years cause cancer.
Attention! Saving raspberries is almost impossible. You can try to cut off the tumor and pour on the roots with a solution of copper sulphate. If the measures have not been successful, then the shrub will have to be uprooted and burned.
To prevent cancer, the raspberry shelf is fertilized with substances containing phosphorus and potassium. They prevent the spread of harmful microorganisms and maintain soil moisture.
With a lack of potassium or acidity of the soil on the raspberry regiment appear purple spots. Over time, they acquire a brown tint, after which the damaged elements of the plant die off.Important! Purple spots appear at high humidity and improper care for raspberries.
The affected parts of the raspberry shelf are removed and burned. Before the beginning of flowering and after harvesting, raspberries are processed with Bordeaux mixture or other fungicides.
Garden pests can cause significant damage to the raspberry regiment. Most often raspberries attracts a fly, a raspberry beetle, gall midge, weevil, Putin's mite. As a result, leaves, buds, raspberry stalks are damaged.
All affected parts of the shrub are removed and then burned. The procedure is carried out in spring or autumn. When gall midge appears, the shoots of raspberry regiment are cut off at the root.
The following measures help prevent pests:
- between the bushes leave free space;
- raspberry pruning is carried out annually;
- autumn soil digs up;
- during the season loosening of the land under the raspberry is made;
- weeds are removed, which can become a refuge for insects.
Gardeners reviewsLyudmila, 45, Moscow Raspberry Regiment has chosen according to reviews on the Internet. Seedlings chose healthy, with strong stems. For three years, raspberries have grown to 1.5 m. The first berries of the grandchildren have already been collected in August. By the end of the summer, the fruits were not so sweet. Probably affected by the lack of sun.
Vladimir, 61 years old, Volgograd, he bought the Repair raspberry a couple of years ago, before that he did not trust the achievements of selection. However, reviews of neighbors about raspberry shelf were only positive. I got 5 bushes, all of them got accustomed. Berry is sweet, if you let it ripen to the end. Then it becomes dark red. I take care of the shelf, as usual raspberries: I water, I cut dry branches, I feed manure in the spring.Eugene, 35 years old, Nizhny Novgorod. They bought raspberry regiment for parents to the country according to the description in the store. Already in the first year there were berries - large and sweet. The main thing is not to allow it to ripen, then it is saturated with moisture and the taste is lost. Therefore, I do not advise delaying the harvest. I freeze the berries for the winter and bake pies out of them, add to the porridge and cocktails.
Raspberry shelf has excellent taste, which distinguishes it among remontant varieties. The shrub gives a bountiful harvest, so the variety is often chosen for industrial cultivation. When planting it is important to ensure the feeding of raspberries. Plant care includes pruning, watering and loosening. The raspberry shelf is rarely exposed to diseases and is resistant to most pests.