Cabbage is usually grown by every gardener keen on his business. And if with the early varieties there are sometimes difficulties, since not everyone can find the time and conditions for sowing cabbage for seedlings and subsequent care for it, then late varieties of cabbage can be sown directly into the ground or under cover. This greatly facilitates the work in the garden. In addition, it is the late varieties of cabbage intended for long-term storage. And, then, it will depend on their harvest how much you can make stocks of cabbage for the winter.
Usually late varieties of cabbage are used for storage and for fermentation. But there is a variety that is not recommended to be fermented for the winter, because immediately after collecting it has too hard leaves. But it is stored remarkably until late spring and even until the summer months. This cabbage Amager 611. Interestingly, after a few months of storage, its taste characteristics only improve.
Attention! This feature is often used by the hostess to cook sauerkraut from the cabbage variety Amager already in winter or in early spring.
Amager 611 is considered one of the oldest varieties of white cabbage, known in our country. He was taken back in the 20s of the last century from seeds that were from Switzerland. And in the USSR State Register, he was in the midst of the war, in 1943. This cabbage was zoned throughout the territory of the former Soviet Union, excluding only the Northern and Eastern Siberian regions. In these areas, due to the harsh climatic conditions, the plants would not have time to mature.
- The rosette at the cabbage is formed of medium size, semi-sprawling, its diameter can be from 70 to 110 cm. The leaves are raised above the ground. The length of the stalk is about 20-30 cm.
- Leaves of gray-green color have a pronounced wax coating. The form of the leaf blade is broadly ovate, concave. Leaves surface slightly wrinkled.
- Petioles have an average size of about 11-14 cm.
- The head of flat rounded shape is characterized by high density. Its mass can reach 3-4 kg.
Characteristics of a variety
The variety Amager 611 has a high yield, with up to 6 kg of cabbage can be harvested from one square meter. With industrial cultivation, the yield can be 40-65 tons per hectare.Comment! It is possible to use mechanized cleaning of heads. In addition, they are suitable for long-term transportation.
These characteristics of Amager variety will be especially attractive for farmers.
The variety of cabbage Amager refers to late ripening. From sowing on seedlings to technical ripening of heads, on average, it takes about 130-140 days.
The taste of cabbage leaves at harvest with a light bitterness, but during winter storage, the taste characteristics are improved, the bitterness goes away, and the cabbage becomes very juicy.
The disadvantages of the variety Amager include its weak resistance to fusarium wilt and vascular bacteriosis. During the storage period, heads of cabbage can also be affected by gray mold and point necrosis.
But the advantages of this variety are much more:
- High and stable yield;
- Increased cold resistance and even frost resistance;
- Resistance to cracking of heads;
- Increased keeping quality and good transportability.
Since Amager cabbage belongs to late-ripening varieties, it can be grown either by sowing seedlings or directly to a permanent place in the garden. In the northern regions, because of the short summer, the first method of cultivation is preferable. Because of the susceptibility of this variety to various diseases, seeds require disinfection before planting. The best solution for this purpose is phytosporin solution, in which the seeds are soaked for 8-12 hours. After a little drying, they can be sown. Soil for sowing is also disinfected with a solution of phytosporin one day before seeding.
Thinking about when to plant Amager cabbage on seedlings, it is necessary to proceed from the climatic features of your region. It is necessary to consider the timing of the possible harvest on the one hand, and the estimated dates of planting seedlings in the ground on the other. Usually late cabbage varieties are sown during April. For a permanent place, the Amager variety in the middle lane can be sown in early May, using additional film covers on the arcs.
At a temperature of about + 20 ° C, cabbage seedlings appear in 2-5 days.Important! When seedlings appear, seedlings must be placed in a cool place for 11–15 days with a temperature of not more than + 10 ° C.
If this is not done, the seedlings will stretch and subsequently die. The best place to grow cabbage seedlings is a greenhouse or greenhouse, where the necessary conditions can be maintained without difficulty. Two weeks after the emergence of seedlings seedlings are seated in separate containers, deepening it with cotyledon leaves. After picking cabbage Amager, it is desirable to once again shed phytosporin solution.
Planting cabbage seedlings on a permanent place of growth in the open ground is possible in the second half of May. During planting, at least 50-60 cm is left between the plants, while the row spacing should be about 60-70 cm. Immediately after the planting, the entire ground around the bushes is sprinkled with a mixture of tobacco dust and wood ash. This will help deter pests and provide additional feeding.
Further care for cabbage consists of weeding, loosening the soil, fertilizing and watering. Abundant watering is needed Amager cabbage in July - August during the formation of heads. One month before harvesting, watering should be reduced to a minimum. Because of the susceptibility of this variety of cabbage to diseases, it is desirable to conduct several more treatments with phytosporin during the summer.
With reviews and photos of those who planted Amager cabbage can be found below.
Valentine, 48 years old, Tambov Spring has come, and we are starting to plant a vegetable garden. Cabbage is always grown a lot and Amager variety comes first. Without it, it is difficult to imagine winter stocks. Somehow it didn’t work to sow it, so we were left without cabbage for the winter. Everyone in our family loves cabbage in any form, so now I don’t risk it and sow this variety necessarily. Heads are remarkably stored until spring, do not rot. Sowing I produce in the hole immediately to a permanent place, pouring sawdust to make it clear where sown. And from a flea I sprinkle with ashes and I do not need to bother with the transfer.
Mikhail, 52 years old, Tula. Traditionally, I plant one bag of Amager variety, and the harvest obtained from this number of seeds is enough for me for the winter. The seeds are all intact. Shoot up well. I sow for seedlings somewhere in mid-April in the greenhouse. There, the plants are squat, strong, good. In May I plant on the beds and cover with spanbond for several weeks to protect from the sun and from any flea. The variety is known for its yield and this is true - my heads grow 3-4 kg. Despite the fact that they are resistant to cracking, I still water them not from above, but at the root, so that excess moisture in the heads is not collected. A good grade, enough stocks and we eat and rabbits live to young grass.Svetlana, 37 years old, Samara. I love this cabbage, my mother constantly grew it. Now, of course, many new varieties and hybrids have appeared, but this variety is an old proven and, therefore, reliable. Once I bought Agressor seedlings on the market, but she didn’t take it, and Amager always takes root. Especially if the planting is done immediately in open ground under the arc with lutrasil, and then transplanted to the beds. They are there and flea is not touched, and the sun will not bake. In this class I like everything: the taste, and keeping quality, and yield.
Reviews gardeners about Amager cabbage only good. However, this is not surprising considering how many years this variety already exists, without at all losing popularity.