Strawberry is a special berry for every gardener. This is a delicacy, and useful vitamins, and professional growth. After all, care for new varieties requires additional knowledge. strawberry varieties, like many crops, are divided by the maturity of the crop.
- middle and middle-late;
What are the useful ingredients in strawberries attract gardeners?
Vitamin C. Benefit of ascorbinka is known to all. Therefore, the knowledge that strawberries contain more of this vitamin than lemon contains berries that are very popular. In addition to him, in the process of strengthening the immune system and maintaining health are also involved such necessary elements:
- iron, copper and cobalt - to improve blood formation;
- magnesium helps protect against stroke;
- potassium is indispensable for the heart muscle;
- Vitamin E serves as a prophylactic against the aging process and cancer problems;
- calcium and fluoride - for the bone system and teeth, a worthy alternative to toothpaste;
- folic and salicylic acids for vessels and pathogenic bacteria;
- Cellulose - a find for digestion.
Late strawberry varieties are rich in the listed components, therefore their advantage over the early species is very great. During the harvest period of the late berries, strawberries will help to make a vitamin cocktail with raspberries, currants and other crops. Early species have already moved, but the late berry is just the way. Some later varieties of strawberries are guaranteed fruit until mid-September. Therefore, picking fresh berries at the end of summer is an important criterion for planting late varieties of strawberries.
Planted late varieties of strawberries in the spring and autumn. It depends on the capabilities of the summer resident and the degree of loading. Spring planting is recommended during the period when the snow has already gone, and the earth has managed to warm up. For later varieties of strawberries it is important to saturate the soil with moisture during planting. In this case, they are well accustomed and give excellent harvest. Autumn planting of late varieties is carried out at the end of August or in September. Delay dates are not worth it, otherwise the bushes do not have time to settle down and die from frost.
What else should a gardener know about later varieties of strawberries?
- For late harvesting, remontant strawberry varieties are excellent, which are capable of producing more than one crop per season.
- You can grow bushes in the open field or in the greenhouse. It depends on the region and your preference or technical equipment.
- The best varieties of late garden strawberries for your cottage are zoned. Do not choose a little-known and fastidious news. It is better to grow species tested by gardeners than to be disappointed in the late strawberries. Get acquainted with the description and photo of the variety before planting.
- It is necessary to provide competent care for the planting of late garden strawberries so that the berries are of high quality and the harvest is high.
Consider the main nuances of growing late varieties, so that the strawberries on the bed feel pretty comfortable.
Late Care Tips
Let us dwell on the most basic parameters that will ensure good fruiting and protection from diseases of late strawberry varieties.
Choosing a place on the site
Special requirements for the soil late strawberries does not make, will grow on any soil. But its composition depends on the health of bushes and yield. Good indicators will be different for those beds that are located on light fertile soil. Sandy and sandy soil is the best fit, but on peat and sod-podzolic soil, if possible, do not plant late garden strawberries. With a close location of groundwater will have to provide good drainage. You can get out of the situation with the help of high ridges.
Dig in the fall of the selected area to the depth of the spade bayonet. In the spring enough to loosen the place.Important! Do not place beds with late strawberry bushes close to the storage of fresh manure or dense dense plantations.
Strawberries should be well ventilated.
Next, you need to check the site for the presence of pests. If you find a colony of parasites, treat the land with special preparations. Remove weeds before planting late garden strawberry bushes.
Be sure to maintain the density and landing pattern for the variety. There are wild strawberry varieties. For them, the density will be different. They do not thicken the ridge with layering, but the bushes become more magnificent as they grow. Thickened planting leads to poor ventilation of strawberries and, consequently, the development of diseases. Before planting, the roots are shortened and buried in the landing hole so that the level of the soil and the root collar is on the same line. Condense the land around the bush late strawberries, watered and mulched.
In the early days, pritennayu landing, to enable late strawberries to take root well. Within 14 days you will have to water daily, keeping the soil moist, then you can reduce it to one watering in two days. When the strawberry is stronger, watered as needed, not allowing the beds to dry. Helps retain moisture by mulching or growing under cover.
For varieties of late strawberries, nutrition is necessary, and the latest ones need additional feeding. Here it is necessary to adhere to some rules:
- make compositions no closer than 5 cm from the bush;
- main meals - 4 dressings per season;
- infusions of organic fertilizers must be diluted with water.
The main terms of making nutritional formulations
- Two weeks after planting late strawberry bushes for permanent residence. This time it will be optimal to feed the berry with tree ash (0.5 cups) and superphosphate (30 grams). The components are diluted in 10 liters of water.
- At the beginning of flowering, apply weekly infusion of organics. Korovyak take in the ratio of 1: 6, and chicken litter 1:20. It is also good to add 0.5 cups of wood ash to the composition.
- The following two supplements are done every 14 days. Organic infusion with ash or superphosphate is appropriate.
- For the latest varieties of strawberries, additional fertilizing is carried out with the same composition, but not earlier than in 2 weeks.
Proven late garden strawberry varieties
What varieties of late strawberries are advised to grow breeders and experienced gardeners? For each region there is a list of "their" favorite names. Consider the basic with a brief description and photo.
Late variety of garden strawberries with dessert flavor. Bred by German breeders recently - in 2010. It belongs to varieties of late garden strawberries single fruiting and short daylight hours. Begins to give ripe berries from the last decade of June to August. Specifications:
- pollinators are not required;
- Multi-shrub bush, up to 50 cm in height;
- berries are large, dense, but juicy;
- the color of the fruit is dark red.
Much like the taste and aroma of strawberries from childhood. These figures are high.
The photo shows the berries of the spicy late strawberry “Malvina”. They have such a bright color when ripe. Seedlings do not have to buy - the variety gives a lot of whiskers, with which it is easy to propagate Malvina strawberries. It requires attention during periods of outbreaks of gray rot and brown spot, from pests thrips and weevils can cause great damage.Important! The variety must be planted sparsely to reduce the possibility of problems.
A fruitful variety of late garden strawberries with beautiful rounded conical berries. From one bush collect up to 2 kg of dark cherry fruits. The plant is powerful, the root system is strong, developed. The taste is sweet-sour, the flesh is dense, the weight of one berry reaches 120 grams. The advantages of the variety include resistance to frost and disease, which is very appreciated by lovers of late strawberries. Another advantage of the “Great Britain” is the strength of berries, which are well tolerated in transportation, keep their presentation for a long time.
A relatively new variety of late berries. Popularity has won its high and stable yields. Bushes and berries are equally powerful and large. The strawberries are heavy, with a rich aroma and a pleasant taste. Excellent variety of late strawberries - grows in regions with different climatic features equally well. In the north and in the south gives a high yield. The advantage of "Bohemia" - resistance to fungal infections.
A gift to gardeners from Italian breeders. Late garden strawberry with medium-sized bushes. It gives little whiskers, but is distinguished by very high peduncles. This feature saves gardeners in the rainy season from the destruction of the crop. The berries are quite large, up to 70 grams of weight each. The shape of the fruit is conical elongated. Very sweet and juicy late strawberries. Resistant to dry weather, guaranteed to give a high yield. The photo shows the collected strawberry fruit "Elsinore".
The work of English breeders for the cultivation of high-yielding late strawberries led to the emergence of the Lord variety. Excellent for commercial cultivation, as it fully meets the criterion of yield for this purpose. On one bush grows up to 3 kg of large, juicy and fragrant berries. The advantage of the "Lord" is also in the fact that fruiting does not decrease for 10 years. Gardeners attribute it to srednepozdnym varieties. Bushes are high, the berries do not touch the ground, which protects them from rot. Good winters, maintains large fruits for many years.
Some prefer the name Chamora Kurusi. Both that and another will help you to find the necessary grade. This type of late-ripening strawberries is spreading rapidly. Large-fruited and high yields allowed him to take one of the first places in the list of popular late varieties. If you do not violate the requirements of agricultural engineering, then the fruiting lasts a very long time. With insufficient watering berries will be sluggish and will not reach the maximum size. In good condition of the bush from him harvested fruit weighing 100 grams or more. Then the berries become smaller, but there are no small ones in the variety. The distinctive characteristic is the color of the berries. When ripe, they become a brick color.Important! This variety responds instantly to all violations of agrotechnical requirements.
It is necessary to carefully follow the schedule of fertilizing, watering, regularly carry out preventive measures against diseases and pests. Demanding justified by the quality of the berries. Gardeners, who carefully observe all the parameters when growing it, get berries with amazing taste and a real strawberry flavor.
Also famous for its yield and beauty of the fruit. Late strawberry “Pegasus” keeps its shape very well during transportation, its presentation does not change at all during transportation. Very appreciated by gardeners for resistance to habitual diseases of strawberries:
- verticillary wilting;
- late blight.
It is also good at resisting strawberry mite invasions, but suffers from powdery mildew. Late variety “Pegasus” is not too picky about exacting compliance with agrotechnical requirements, therefore many gardeners grow it.
A good mid-late variety, the first crop is harvested in July. Features - medium bush and short flower stalks. This nuance is overlapped by high yields. Bushes are average, but the leaves are large, bright green. Fruits are sweet, without admixture of sourness. It tolerates frosts and is not susceptible to diseases (except for root rot).
This late variety of strawberry is familiar to many gardeners. By name you can guess about the country in which it is derived. Sprawling bushes, but with a small foliage. Berries ripen wedge-elongated shape, with a red tinge and a wonderful taste. Productivity varieties high. Fruiting begins in mid-July, but requires additional shelter in cold winters.
List of late remontant varieties
These representatives are able to give several harvests per season, which brings them to the fore. They are resistant to cold and disease.
Very demanded grade of a repair garden strawberry. The berries are large and dense, which makes it possible to transport them with minimal losses. The color of the fruit is very beautiful cherry shade. What distinguishes the variety "Albion" from other species. First of all it is:
- resistance in the period of climatic and temperature changes;
- resistance to habitual diseases of strawberries;
- susceptibility to pest invasions.
Fruiting lasts from early June to mid-October. Agrotechnology remontant varieties can grow them even inexperienced gardeners, so "Albion" is ubiquitous.
Perfectly resists diseases, shrubs are half sprawling, leaves are dark green in color. Cold ambient temperatures have absolutely no effect on the yield of the Selva variety. An interesting feature - the density of the berry resemble an apple. Very early gives the first harvest, the following - have a richer taste and aroma.
Received its wide distribution due to such qualities as:
- large fruits;
- very pleasant taste;
- lack of care;
- resistance to transportation;
- three times fructification.
The peculiarity of “Elizabeth II” is that the ovaries of the new crop are formed in the autumn, therefore, in order to ripen the early harvest, provide shelter for the strawberries in winter. The last crop has less saturated color and taste.
There are other decent varieties of late strawberries. They can be found on garden forums, in special literature. You must always carefully read the description of the form, have a photo of the fruit. Strawberries are used in various forms, but fresh - it is the most useful. Therefore, the cultivation of late varieties of garden strawberries - a very good decision.