The Marusia tomato has gained wide popularity, the characteristic and description of the variety of which testify to unpretentiousness and excellent taste. Bred by Russian breeders in 2007, it still enjoys the love of vegetable growers in all regions where it is cultivated.
In addition to universal consumer properties, tomato Marusya attracts and a wonderful view. The lush green foliage beautifully frames the brushes of small bright red fruits, resembling large grapes.
Determinant bushes of tomato Marusia give a small growth - not more than 1 m. The variety is medium early, the period from the appearance of the first shoots to maturation is about 110 days. The bush forms one, sometimes two stalks. The successful arrangement of juicy dark green leaves of the usual type helps to protect the fruits of the tomato Maroussia from sunburn, but does not interfere with their light.
Due to its high resistance to adverse weather conditions and sharp temperature changes, the Marusya variety is widely distributed in many climatic zones - in open field or in a film greenhouse. With proper care, tomatoes can give up to 7 kg per square meter - up to 2 kg per bush, and with timely pinching, even more. The variety also shows high resistance to diseases such as fusarium and verticillias. The description and reviews of the tomato Marusya indicate only one of its small drawbacks - fructification lasts only a month and a half to the end of the summer season.
Dense juicy fruits of the Marusya variety are oval in shape, at the stage of full ripening they acquire a bright red color. The average weight of ripe tomatoes reaches 80 g. Due to their small size, they are convenient for canning. Despite the not very dense skin, Marusia tomatoes do not crack and tolerate long storage and long transportation. Already ripe fruits do not fall off, but stick tightly on the branches. Excellent taste makes them versatile by purpose:
- Tomatoes varieties Marusya eat fresh and in salads;
- used in conservation;
- popular in the form of fresh juices;
- used in the preparation of sauces and vegetable stews.
Reviews advise tomato seeds Marusya seedlings sow about two months before transplanting into the ground. Therefore, it is important to correctly calculate the time of their sowing, so that later not to overstay the seedlings in the boxes. High-quality seeds purchased in specialized stores, there is no need to disinfect. But obtained at home or bought on the market, it is better to disinfect. To disinfect the seeds of tomato Marusia, you can immerse them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes. Some gardeners prefer to soak the seeds of tomatoes in aloe juice, a solution of baking soda or phytosporin for 10-20 hours. Undoubtedly, these substances have a stimulating effect on seeds, due to which:
- their immunity is strengthened;
- germination improves;
- increases the yield of tomatoes.
Soil for sowing Maroussia seeds should also be disinfected in one of the following ways:
- ignite in the oven;
- shed with boiling water or a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.
After disinfection, the soil should be moistened and placed in a cool place of the week for two to reproduce the beneficial microflora in it. For sowing seeds:
- small boxes are filled with ready-made soil;
- Tomato seeds are laid out on its surface in rows at a distance of 2 cm, and 3-4 cm can be left in between rows;
- seeds sprinkled with a thin layer of loose soil;
- for their germination, you need to create a warm and humid microclimate, so the beds are moistened and placed in a warm place with a constant temperature of about +25 degrees;
- To accelerate growth, you can cover the boxes with a transparent film or glass;
- after the appearance of the first shoots of tomatoes, Marusia description recommends that the beds be provided with good lighting, so the boxes are put on the windowsill;
- in case of insufficient daylight intensity, fluorescent lamps can be used;
- ambient temperature should be slightly reduced, otherwise the sprouts of tomatoes will begin to stretch.
The film from the seedlings must be removed gradually, each day briefly opening it over the sprouts of tomatoes. They should be watered carefully, as the topsoil dries. With the growth of tomato seedlings, Maroussia will require more frequent watering, but it is also unacceptable to flood the soil with water.
Tomato seedlings Marusya, as recommended variety description, photos and reviews, you need to harden. On warm spring days, it is carried out on the balcony or on the street at first for about five minutes, and then gradually increases the exposure time. Hardened seedlings adapt more quickly and go to growth after transplanting in a new place. After 10-14 days after the emergence of shoots need to make the first dressing varieties Marusya natural organic. In the future, it is desirable to hold them every 7-10 days.
After the appearance of two leaves, tomatoes of Marusia variety should be dived into separate cups. Many gardeners use peat pots, which are conveniently planted later in the soil. Sowing a seedling requires special care, as the shoots are still very tender and fragile.
Approximately in 1.5 months flower brushes begin to appear in tomatoes of the Marusya variety. They indicate the need for a quick transplant of tomatoes a permanent place - in the greenhouse or open ground. Perederzhivat seedlings in pots can not, otherwise its growth will slow down. It is no longer able to grow into full-fledged tomatoes. 10-14 days after the appearance of flower brushes, peat pots with seedlings of Marusya variety should be transplanted. If there is a need to delay the time of transplanting seedlings, gardeners resort to a little trick - they pinch off the flower brush that has appeared. Since the next one will grow only in a week, it is possible to delay plant replanting for this time.
Transplanting and caring for seedlings
Tomato Marusya, according to the description, can be transplanted into the soil, if the night frosts have ended, and the earth has warmed up to +16 degrees to the depth of the roots. Quality seedlings should have:
- powerful root system;
- thick sturdy stem;
- thick fleshy foliage.
Landings are carried out in the evening or on an overcast day. Bushes of tomatoes are planted at a distance of 0.6 m from each other, leaving a little more in between rows - 0.7 m. After the plants are adapted, pasynkovanie, but only until the first brush. According to reviews, care for tomato varieties Marusya simple:
- regular watering with settled water;
- loosening the soil and removing weeds; straw or compost mulching;
- preventive treatments against pests and diseases;
- garter bushes after the appearance of the fruit.
Despite the high resistance to the most common diseases, Marusya’s tomato requires preventive spraying and also treatment against pests:
- phytosporin with whey and a few drops of iodine or wood ash protect against late blight;
- against the slugs effective extracts of wood ash, tobacco dust or lime solution;
- periodic sprays with soapy water are also useful;
- from spider mite apply karbofos.
Melnikov Stepan, 72 years old, Kaluga. For several years now I have planted a tomato Marusya. It is easy to take care of him - I regularly water and weed the beds. I pick up my seeds from overripe tomatoes, dry them and put them in paper bags, in the spring I share with neighbors. In my example, they also switched to tomato Maroussia. Variety otlichnoe.Kartashova Galina, 60 years old, Samara For the first time, having tried the extraordinary taste of tomatoes Marusya, decided to plant them at her dacha. And still no regrets. Even in dry years, the tomato gives good yields. I use only this variety for salting and recommend it to everyone I know. Kramarenko Vitaly, 45, Nizhny Novgorod On my plantations, for two years I have grown only Marusya tomato. Due to the delicious taste and excellent presentation of the tomato is in great demand. Fruits do not crumble, so the yield losses are small. A wonderful variety was brought by our scientists. Slonova Elizaveta, 57 years old, Astrakhan. We know and love Tomato Marusya, the photo and description correspond to reality. Among our summer residents the variety is very popular. Sweet fruits give an unusual taste to salads and vegetable dishes. For salting we also use this variety. Shrubs and perform a decorative role - they decorate the garden with bright clusters of tomatoes.
Tomato Marusia is grown by amateur gardeners and large farmers, who are attracted by the compactness of the bushes, their unpretentiousness to the surrounding conditions, the beautiful presentation and the wonderful taste of ripe tomatoes.