Early young potatoes. Already in June you can enjoy its refined taste. During this period, last year's potato loses its taste and appearance. The period when you can dig up young tubers depends on the region, variety and technology of planting potatoes.
Tubers are formed during the budding of potatoes. However, the harvesting of new potatoes does not begin immediately after the start of flowering of green mass, because the tubers must grow and increase in size to at least 5 cm in diameter. The first roots can be dug at the beginning of the shedding of flowers. Thin skin remains in the potato for about a month from the beginning of flowering. The taste qualities of young tubers depend on the intensity of irrigation and the temperature of the soil. If the potato has almost no taste and contains a lot of water, then it is too early to dig it out even for cooking.
How to determine the readiness of tubers
The potato has a certain ripening period. The main indicator of full maturity is wilting and yellowness of the green mass, as well as the subsequent dryness of the tops. Hilling promotes ripening of root vegetables, so if you want to eat new potatoes, it is important to pile up the beds of potatoes in time.
A warning! In the rainy season, the tops may remain green until late autumn, so it may be more difficult to determine the final maturation of the tubers.
You can get out of this situation by calculating 60-70 days from the day of landing. After this time, the top of the green mass should be cut, leaving 10-15 cm tops from the ground. So, the peel is formed faster.
Now we need to determine when to dig new potatoes, because with the digging of mature root crops, we have already figured out. Most often, the growth period of tubers coincides with the flowering of the tops. However, since these two processes are not interconnected, the tubers may begin to form before the color appears.Important! The optimal period when you can dig a young potato is 21-25 days from the beginning of the flowering of the tops of the tops.
In central Russia, early potatoes begin to be harvested at the end of the summer. That is, the period of collecting young potatoes for food depends on the region in which you live. In the cold part of the country, potatoes ripen later, in the warm - earlier.
If, after digging up a young potato, you find that it has a large size, then the harvest will be excellent. This is due to the fact that even tubers grow to full maturity in 30-40 days, respectively, their size will increase.
Determining the maturity of tubers by date
External signs can be deceptive. Confusing can cause weather conditions. For example, it often rains in the Moscow Region, and constant heat in the Krasnodar Territory. When in this case, you can start digging potatoes for food? It is necessary to make calendar calculations, and for this you need to remember the date of planting potatoes.
Potato beds are filled with sprouted tubers immediately after the frosts subside - in April - May. Shoots appear 2-3 weeks after planting, and after 2-3 weeks the green mass begins to bloom. As a rule, 30-35 days pass from the day of planting to receiving new potatoes. Mature harvest can be collected in 60-75 days from the date of planting. The latest crop of potatoes harvested 75-80 days after planting.
How to collect new potatoes after flowering, so as not to damage the tubers? There are several basic ways to harvest from the beds.
As a tool to dig up young potatoes, shovels and forks are used. However, this technique requires strength and health. If you have already reached old age, then this method of digging up tubers will most likely be beyond your means. Digging by hand will immediately strike the lower back, since it accounts for the largest load. If you have poor health, then take care of your musculoskeletal system and choose another method of harvesting.
If you grow young tubers for sale in large farms, then manual digging of potatoes is out of the question. To this end, specialists have developed machines to facilitate cleaning. Among them are the tiller and potato digger. Before starting work, it is necessary to mow the tops and remove it from the garden. Harvesting can be started only a few days after harvesting green mass. Since we are talking about new potatoes, you can only massively dig it up if you grow potatoes for sale.
First you need to prepare a place where the new potatoes will be dried. So that your young and delicate crop does not suffer from mechanical damage, drop the potatoes less, and if possible try, generally, not to throw the tubers, since the young potatoes have a very thin skin. When damaged, potatoes become more vulnerable to diseases and deteriorate faster.
Harvest should be stored in a dark, dry place. But remember, new potatoes are not stored for a long time and if they are not used, they will quickly begin to deteriorate. Therefore, dig it as needed. For cooking, you can dig as many tubers as you need at a time. The same rule can be applied to digging up potatoes for sale. Collect as much crop as you can in one day on the market.
Already in the garden you need to distribute the crop of varieties. Otherwise, this work will have to be carried out at home. And this, as we know, takes more time. There is no need to dig up the earth after harvesting potatoes, it can be done in the autumn, after the final harvesting of the garden. Young as well as mature potatoes should be stored in the dark. Sunlight will cause the tubers to begin to turn green, causing them to become unsuitable for cooking.
So, if you see that the tops of potatoes are in bloom, then soon you will be able to enjoy dishes made from young potatoes. If you adhere to the advice given in the article, you will collect the young crop and not earlier, and not later than the appointed time.
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