The quality of onion sets depends on the turnip onion harvest next year. Sevok obtained from seeds Chernushki. Many gardeners buy it in the store, but you can grow this culture yourself. The yield of onion turnips in the next season depends on how accurately you can determine the collection period of onion sets.
After 85-95 days after sowing onion sets, it matures. However, this does not mean that after this time it should be excavated. When to remove the onion sets from the garden? This will be discussed in the article.
In the middle lane is better to stop watering onion sets in the last decade of July. During this period, the above-ground part of the vegetable should already be formed, and because of the lack of irrigation, the bulbs will begin to form. The underground part of the bow may stop growing even due to the rain. This is due to the fact that in wet soil all the forces of the onion sets directs to the growth of greenery, while the bulb is at rest. In dry soil, the underground part will begin to grow again.
Important! During the formation and maturation of the bulbs, it is necessary to remove the emerging arrows in a timely manner. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to save the collected onions.
How to determine when to dig onions? To do this, take the average time of ripening onion sets, which is 70 days. If determined by months, the ripening of the onion sets in August - September. When a crop is harvested, two factors influence: the characteristics of growing seedlings and the time of planting.
Gardeners are tricking to slow down or speed up the ripening process of onion sets. Of course, when calculating the vegetable ripening period, it is important to take into account the climatic conditions of the region.
For example, in the Urals and in Siberia it is impossible to predict what the weather will be like in summer. In dry and hot climates, onions ripen faster, while in cool and wet - this will take more time. Onions should be dug after the first frost, and they occur in different regions at different times. Also a good sign that you need to harvest is the drying of the green mass of the vegetable.
When the above-ground part of the culture falls to the ground and its neck becomes thinner, the gathering begins. And here it is necessary not to delay it, as having missed only a week, new roots will grow on the plant, because of which the gathered bulbs will be poorly stored in winter. Well, on the other hand, if onion harvesting starts ahead of time, until signs of ripening appear, then a flake will not form on the bulbs and the neck will not have time to shrivel. As a result, the planting material will not be saved. Unripe vegetables need to be cleaned only when the rainy season.
By lunar calendar
Some gardeners believe that the best way to determine harvest time is the lunar calendar. So, determine the most favorable phases of the moon in order to dig onion sets and other plants.
If you do not have a calendar, then you can harvest the full moon. According to the claims at this time, the fruits have the greatest nutritional value.
Preparation for harvesting
Subject to all the rules in the process of harvesting onion sets, it will remain in storage until spring and save all useful substances. For this you need:
- Lay the above-ground part of the vegetable on the ground if it is not wilted.
- Stop systematic watering.
- Harvest on dry and warm days. The fact is that because of the dampness and moisture in the bulbs rot forms, as a result of which the entire crop may die.
- Harvesting onion sets is a painstaking work that requires patience and delicacy. Mechanical shocks and sharp movements damage the bulbs, so extreme accuracy is required during the harvest process.
- Harvest should be dried. In dry weather, leave it to dry can be right on the beds. If the weather is not happy, then the collected onions can be decomposed under a shed or in a well-ventilated room.
Features digging sevka
Because how to dig a bow on the tree will depend on how well it will last until spring. Damaged garden tools bulbs spoil very quickly. Therefore, this issue should be approached seriously.
There are a number of rules, following which you can carefully harvest the entire crop without damaging it:
- The best time for digging onions is morning.
- The tool that minimizes the likelihood of bulb damage is the forks. A shovel can spoil the entire crop of crop. Damaged bulbs should be used for cooking on the same day that they were removed from the ground.
- After digging the bulbs, they need to be dried thoroughly.
If you pull it out of dry ground, then the likelihood of a stalk breaking is great. As a result of such actions, the collected onions will be poorly stored.
After harvesting, drying of onion sets occurs. It usually takes 14 days. This time is enough for the bulbs to absorb the nutrients from the green mass of the plant and dry well. To do this, lay the onions on a dry surface, while the layer must be thin. To keep the drying uniform, it is recommended to stir up the sprinkled onions from time to time.
Important! Only the first stage of drying can be carried out on the bed.
Further, it must be transferred under the roof, on the veranda or attic. The main thing is that the place of drying was ventilated. The bulbs dry well in a draft.
Poorly dried onions are susceptible to various diseases, including neck rot and downy mildew. After two weeks after the start of drying, the leaves should be cut off from the bulbs, leaving a neck of 2-3 cm. Then it is necessary to cut the roots under the heel of the bulb, but do not touch it.
For further drying, the onions should be moved to a room with an air temperature of 25-30 ° C. At the final stage of drying, it is desirable to raise the air temperature to 40 ° C. In this case, the crop will be stored better, because all the harmful bacteria will die in it. But here, too, it is important not to overdo it, the dried onions will begin to peel off the scales, which is why its shelf life will be reduced. In well-dried onions, the husks are whole and rather dense, rustling in their hands and have no unusual onions, foreign smells.
After you have determined when to collect onions, it is important to understand what the conditions should be for storing the vegetable so that it lasts until spring. So, the storage place should be dry and rather warm, in which there is no access to sunlight. As a rule, the crop is laid in the grid or wooden boxes. The level of humidity and the temperature in the room affect the safety of the set.
The bulbs that will be used for food are stored at a temperature of 1-3 ° C. Sevok can be stored in a room in which the air temperature reaches up to 20 ° C. The optimum level of humidity, which will not lead to damage to onions 70-80%. At higher moisture levels, the bulbs will begin to germinate.
Before sending onions to the store, inspect each bulb for damage. Otherwise, the entire crop will rot long before planting. Check the bulbs from time to time to remove sprouted and withered ones in time. Adhering to the recommendations outlined in the article, you will be able to remove the onion sets in time and save it before planting. We offer you to expand your knowledge in the issue of growing onion sets by reviewing the related video material: